11 the sound of mirth and gladness, the voice of bridegroom and bride, the voice of those who cry, “Give thanks to the lord of Hosts, for Hashem is good, for His kindness is everlasting!” as they bring thanksgiving offerings to the House of Hashem. For I will restore the fortunes of the land as of old—said Hashem.
KOL sa-SON v’-KOL sim-KHAH KOL kha-TAN v’-KOL ka-LAH KOL o-m’-REEM ho-DU et a-do-NAI tz’-va-OT kee TOV a-do-NAI kee l’-o-LAM khas-DO m’-vee-EEM to-DAH BAYT a-do-NAI kee a-SHEEV et sh’-vut ha-A-retz k’-va-ree-sho-NAH a-MAR a-do-NAI
יא קוֹל שָׂשׂוֹן וְקוֹל שִׂמְחָה קוֹל חָתָן וְקוֹל כַּלָּה קוֹל אֹמְרִים הוֹדוּ אֶת־יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת כִּי־טוֹב יְהֹוָה כִּי־לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ מְבִאִים תּוֹדָה בֵּית יְהֹוָה כִּי־אָשִׁיב אֶת־שְׁבוּת־הָאָרֶץ כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָה אָמַר יְהֹוָה׃
33:11 The sound of mirth and gladness
The Torah never uses extraneous words and every Hebrew letter of the Tanakh has infinite meaning. If so, why does this verse use two different expressions to connote happiness: Sasson (ששון), ‘mirth,’ and simcha (שמחה), ‘gladness’? According to Rabbi Mordechai Willig, sasson is the enduring happy feeling of satisfaction and fulfillment. Simcha, on the other hand, refers to an exuberant but temporary experience of joy, felt on special occasions. The feeling of simcha is more intense but short lived, while sasson is less powerful but persists endlessly. Yirmiyahu promises that one day the Land of Israel will be filled with the sweet sounds of both sasson and simcha. Not only will there be intense gladness over the redemption, but the people will experience the long-lasting joy of dwelling permanently in Eretz Yisrael in the presence of God.