Jeremiah 33
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1  The word of Hashem came to Yirmiyahu a second time, while he was still confined in the prison compound, as follows:

א  וַיְהִי דְבַר־יְהוָה אֶל־יִרְמְיָהוּ שֵׁנִית וְהוּא עוֹדֶנּוּ עָצוּר בַּחֲצַר הַמַּטָּרָה לֵאמֹר׃

2  Thus said Hashem who is planning it, Hashem who is shaping it to bring it about, Whose name is Hashem:

ב  כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה עֹשָׂהּ יְהוָה יוֹצֵר אוֹתָהּ לַהֲכִינָהּ יְהוָה שְׁמוֹ׃

3  Call to Me, and I will answer you, And I will tell you wondrous things, Secrets you have not known.

ג  קְרָא אֵלַי וְאֶעֱנֶךָּ וְאַגִּידָה לְּךָ גְּדֹלוֹת וּבְצֻרוֹת לֹא יְדַעְתָּם׃

4  For thus said Hashem, the God of Yisrael, concerning the houses of this city and the palaces of the kings of Yehuda that were torn down for [defense] against the siegemounds and against the sword,

ד  כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־בָּתֵּי הָעִיר הַזֹּאת וְעַל־בָּתֵּי מַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה הַנְּתֻצִים אֶל־הַסֹּלְלוֹת וְאֶל־הֶחָרֶב׃

5  and were filled by those who went to fight the Chaldeans,—with the corpses of the men whom I struck down in My anger and rage, hiding My face from this city because of all their wickedness:

ה  בָּאִים לְהִלָּחֵם אֶת־הַכַּשְׂדִּים וּלְמַלְאָם אֶת־פִּגְרֵי הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר־הִכֵּיתִי בְאַפִּי וּבַחֲמָתִי וַאֲשֶׁר הִסְתַּרְתִּי פָנַי מֵהָעִיר הַזֹּאת עַל כָּל־רָעָתָם׃

6  I am going to bring her relief and healing. I will heal them and reveal to them abundance of true favor.

ו  הִנְנִי מַעֲלֶה־לָּהּ אֲרֻכָה וּמַרְפֵּא וּרְפָאתִים וְגִלֵּיתִי לָהֶם עֲתֶרֶת שָׁלוֹם וֶאֱמֶת׃

7  And I will restore the fortunes of Yehuda and Yisrael, and I will rebuild them as of old.

ז  וַהֲשִׁבֹתִי אֶת־שְׁבוּת יְהוּדָה וְאֵת שְׁבוּת יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבְנִתִים כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָה׃

8  And I will purge them of all the sins which they committed against Me, and I will pardon all the sins which they committed against Me, by which they rebelled against Me.

ח  וְטִהַרְתִּים מִכָּל־עֲוֺנָם אֲשֶׁר חָטְאוּ־לִי וְסָלַחְתִּי לכול־[לְכָל־] עֲוֺנוֹתֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר חָטְאוּ־לִי וַאֲשֶׁר פָּשְׁעוּ בִי׃

9  And she shall gain through Me renown, joy, fame, and glory above all the nations on earth, when they hear of all the good fortune I provide for them. They will thrill and quiver because of all the good fortune and all the prosperity that I provide for her.

ט  וְהָיְתָה לִּי לְשֵׁם שָׂשׂוֹן לִתְהִלָּה וּלְתִפְאֶרֶת לְכֹל גּוֹיֵי הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁמְעוּ אֶת־כָּל־הַטּוֹבָה אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי עֹשֶׂה אֹתָם וּפָחֲדוּ וְרָגְזוּ עַל כָּל־הַטּוֹבָה וְעַל כָּל־הַשָּׁלוֹם אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי עֹשֶׂה לָּהּ׃

10  Thus said Hashem: Again there shall be heard in this place, which you say is ruined, without man or beast—in the towns of Yehuda and the streets of Yerushalayim that are desolate, without man, without inhabitants, without beast—

י  כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה עוֹד יִשָּׁמַע בַּמָּקוֹם־הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם אֹמְרִים חָרֵב הוּא מֵאֵין אָדָם וּמֵאֵין בְּהֵמָה בְּעָרֵי יְהוּדָה וּבְחֻצוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם הַנְשַׁמּוֹת מֵאֵין אָדָם וּמֵאֵין יוֹשֵׁב וּמֵאֵין בְּהֵמָה׃

11  the sound of mirth and gladness, the voice of bridegroom and bride, the voice of those who cry, “Give thanks to God of Hosts, for Hashem is good, for His kindness is everlasting!” as they bring thanksgiving offerings to the House of Hashem. For I will restore the fortunes of the land as of old—said Hashem.

KOL sa-SON v’-KOL sim-KHAH KOL kha-TAN v’-KOL ka-LAH KOL o-m’-REEM ho-DU et a-do-NAI tz’-va-OT kee TOV a-do-NAI kee l’-o-LAM khas-DO m’-vee-EEM to-DAH BAYT a-do-NAI kee a-SHEEV et sh’-vut ha-A-retz k’-va-ree-sho-NAH a-MAR a-do-NAI

יא  קוֹל שָׂשׂוֹן וְקוֹל שִׂמְחָה קוֹל חָתָן וְקוֹל כַּלָּה קוֹל אֹמְרִים הוֹדוּ אֶת־יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת כִּי־טוֹב יְהוָה כִּי־לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ מְבִאִים תּוֹדָה בֵּית יְהוָה כִּי־אָשִׁיב אֶת־שְׁבוּת־הָאָרֶץ כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָה אָמַר יְהוָה׃

33:11   The sound of mirth and gladness  

The Torah never uses extraneous words and every Hebrew letter of the Tanakh has infinite meaning. If so, why does this verse use two different expressions to connote happiness: Sasson (ששון), ‘mirth,’ and simcha (שמחה), ‘gladness’? According to Rabbi Mordechai Willig, sasson is the enduring happy feeling of satisfaction and fulfillment. Simcha, on the other hand, refers to an exuberant but temporary experience of joy, felt on special occasions. The feeling of simcha is more intense but short lived, while sasson is less powerful but persists endlessly. Yirmiyahu promises that one day the land of Israel will be filled with the sweet sounds of both sasson and simcha. Not only will there be intense gladness over the redemption, but the people will experience the long-lasting joy of dwelling permanently in Eretz Yisrael in the presence of God.2 comments

12  Thus said God of Hosts: In this ruined place, without man and beast, and in all its towns, there shall again be a pasture for shepherds, where they can rest their flocks.

יב  כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת עוֹד יִהְיֶה בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה הֶחָרֵב מֵאֵין־אָדָם וְעַד־בְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־עָרָיו נְוֵה רֹעִים מַרְבִּצִים צֹאן׃

13  In the towns of the hill country, in the towns of the Shephelah, and in the towns of the Negev, in the land of Binyamin and in the environs of Yerushalayim and in the towns of Yehuda, sheep shall pass again under the hands of one who counts them—said Hashem.

יג  בְּעָרֵי הָהָר בְּעָרֵי הַשְּׁפֵלָה וּבְעָרֵי הַנֶּגֶב וּבְאֶרֶץ בִּנְיָמִן וּבִסְבִיבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם וּבְעָרֵי יְהוּדָה עֹד תַּעֲבֹרְנָה הַצֹּאן עַל־יְדֵי מוֹנֶה אָמַר יְהוָה׃

14  See, days are coming—declares Hashem—when I will fulfill the promise that I made concerning the House of Yisrael and the House of Yehuda.

יד  הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַטּוֹב אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתִּי אֶל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְעַל־בֵּית יְהוּדָה׃

15  In those days and at that time, I will raise up a true branch of David’s line, and he shall do what is just and right in the land.

טו  בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וּבָעֵת הַהִיא אַצְמִיחַ לְדָוִד צֶמַח צְדָקָה וְעָשָׂה מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה בָּאָרֶץ׃

16  In those days Yehuda shall be delivered and Yisrael shall dwell secure. And this is what she shall be called: “Hashem is our Vindicator.”

טז  בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם תִּוָּשַׁע יְהוּדָה וִירוּשָׁלִַם תִּשְׁכּוֹן לָבֶטַח וְזֶה אֲשֶׁר־יִקְרָא־לָהּ יְהוָה צִדְקֵנוּ׃

17  For thus said Hashem: There shall never be an end to men of David’s line who sit upon the throne of the House of Yisrael.

יז  כִּי־כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה לֹא־יִכָּרֵת לְדָוִד אִישׁ יֹשֵׁב עַל־כִּסֵּא בֵית־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

18  Nor shall there ever be an end to the line of the levitical kohanim before Me, of those who present burnt offerings and turn the meal offering to smoke and perform sacrifices.

יח  וְלַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם לֹא־יִכָּרֵת אִישׁ מִלְּפָנָי מַעֲלֶה עוֹלָה וּמַקְטִיר מִנְחָה וְעֹשֶׂה־זֶּבַח כָּל־הַיָּמִים׃

19  The word of Hashem came to Yirmiyahu:

יט  וַיְהִי דְּבַר־יְהוָה אֶל־יִרְמְיָהוּ לֵאמוֹר׃

20  Thus said Hashem: If you could break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that day and night should not come at their proper time,

כ  כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה אִם־תָּפֵרוּ אֶת־בְּרִיתִי הַיּוֹם וְאֶת־בְּרִיתִי הַלָּיְלָה וּלְבִלְתִּי הֱיוֹת יוֹמָם־וָלַיְלָה בְּעִתָּם׃

21  only then could My covenant with My servant David be broken—so that he would not have a descendant reigning upon his throne—or with My ministrants, the levitical kohanim.

כא  גַּם־בְּרִיתִי תֻפַר אֶת־דָּוִד עַבְדִּי מִהְיוֹת־לוֹ בֵן מֹלֵךְ עַל־כִּסְאוֹ וְאֶת־הַלְוִיִּם הַכֹּהֲנִים מְשָׁרְתָי׃

22  Like the host of heaven which cannot be counted, and the sand of the sea which cannot be measured, so will I multiply the offspring of My servant David, and of the Leviim who minister to Me.

 

כב  אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יִסָּפֵר צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם וְלֹא יִמַּד חוֹל הַיָּם כֵּן אַרְבֶּה אֶת־זֶרַע דָּוִד עַבְדִּי וְאֶת־הַלְוִיִּם מְשָׁרְתֵי אֹתִי׃

23  The word of Hashem came to Yirmiyahu:

כג  וַיְהִי דְּבַר־יְהוָה אֶל־יִרְמְיָהוּ לֵאמֹר׃

24  You see what this people said: “The two families which Hashem chose have now been rejected by Him.” Thus they despise My people, and regard them as no longer a nation.

כד  הֲלוֹא רָאִיתָ מָה־הָעָם הַזֶּה דִּבְּרוּ לֵאמֹר שְׁתֵּי הַמִּשְׁפָּחוֹת אֲשֶׁר בָּחַר יְהוָה בָּהֶם וַיִּמְאָסֵם וְאֶת־עַמִּי יִנְאָצוּן מִהְיוֹת עוֹד גּוֹי לִפְנֵיהֶם׃

25  Thus said Hashem: As surely as I have established My covenant with day and night—the laws of heaven and earth—

כה  כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה אִם־לֹא בְרִיתִי יוֹמָם וָלָיְלָה חֻקּוֹת שָׁמַיִם וָאָרֶץ לֹא־שָׂמְתִּי׃

26  so I will never reject the offspring of Yaakov and My servant David; I will never fail to take from his offspring rulers for the descendants of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov. Indeed, I will restore their fortunes and take them back in love.

כו  גַּם־זֶרַע יַעֲקוֹב וְדָוִד עַבְדִּי אֶמְאַס מִקַּחַת מִזַּרְעוֹ מֹשְׁלִים אֶל־זֶרַע אַבְרָהָם יִשְׂחָק וְיַעֲקֹב כִּי־אשוב [אָשִׁיב] אֶת־שְׁבוּתָם וְרִחַמְתִּים׃

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Jeremiah 32
Jeremiah 34

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Jeremiah 33

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