Jeremiah 23
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  Ah, shepherds who let the flock of My pasture stray and scatter!—declares Hashem.

א  הוֹי רֹעִים מְאַבְּדִים וּמְפִצִים אֶת־צֹאן מַרְעִיתִי נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

2  Assuredly, thus said Hashem, the God of Yisrael, concerning the shepherds who should tend My people: It is you who let My flock scatter and go astray. You gave no thought to them, but I am going to give thought to you, for your wicked acts—declares Hashem.

ב  לָכֵן כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־הָרֹעִים הָרֹעִים אֶת־עַמִּי אַתֶּם הֲפִצֹתֶם אֶת־צֹאנִי וַתַּדִּחוּם וְלֹא פְקַדְתֶּם אֹתָם הִנְנִי פֹקֵד עֲלֵיכֶם אֶת־רֹעַ מַעַלְלֵיכֶם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

3  And I Myself will gather the remnant of My flock from all the lands to which I have banished them, and I will bring them back to their pasture, where they shall be fertile and increase.

ג  וַאֲנִי אֲקַבֵּץ אֶת־שְׁאֵרִית צֹאנִי מִכֹּל הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר־הִדַּחְתִּי אֹתָם שָׁם וַהֲשִׁבֹתִי אֶתְהֶן עַל־נְוֵהֶן וּפָרוּ וְרָבוּ׃

4  And I will appoint over them shepherds who will tend them; they shall no longer fear or be dismayed, and none of them shall be missing—declares Hashem.

ד  וַהֲקִמֹתִי עֲלֵיהֶם רֹעִים וְרָעוּם וְלֹא־יִירְאוּ עוֹד וְלֹא־יֵחַתּוּ וְלֹא יִפָּקֵדוּ נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

5  See, a time is coming—declares Hashem—when I will raise up a true branch of David’s line. He shall reign as king and shall prosper, and he shall do what is just and right in the land.

ה  הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וַהֲקִמֹתִי לְדָוִד צֶמַח צַדִּיק וּמָלַךְ מֶלֶךְ וְהִשְׂכִּיל וְעָשָׂה מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה בָּאָרֶץ׃

6  In his days Yehuda shall be delivered and Yisrael shall dwell secure. And this is the name by which he shall be called: “Hashem is our Vindicator.”

b’-ya-MAV ti-va-SHA y’-hu-DAH v’-yis-ra-AYL yish-KON la-VE-takh v’-zeh sh’-MO a-sher yik-r’-U a-do-NAI tzid-KAY-nu

ו  בְּיָמָיו תִּוָּשַׁע יְהוּדָה וְיִשְׂרָאֵל יִשְׁכֹּן לָבֶטַח וְזֶה־שְּׁמוֹ אֲ‍שֶׁר־יִקְרְאוֹ יְהוָה צִדְקֵנוּ׃

23:6   He shall be called: “Hashem is our Vindicator”  

After comparing the evil leadership of the people to wicked shepherds that cause the sheep to scatter, Yirmiyahu describes the ideal leader, a descendant of David. In his days, the exiled northern tribes of the kingdom of Yisrael will reunite with the kingdom of Yehuda and together they will dwell safely in the Land of Israel. The leader will be given the name Hashem tzidkaynu (השם צדקינו), ‘Hashem is our Vindicator.’  The root of the word tzidkaynu is tzedek (צדק), ‘righteousness,’ indicating the ideals through which he will lead the nation. Yirmiyahu gives the same name to Yerushalayim (33:16), representing the values for which the rebuilt city will be known around the world.Comment

7  Assuredly, a time is coming—declares Hashem—when it shall no more be said, “As Hashem lives, who brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt,”

ז  לָכֵן הִנֵּה־יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְלֹא־יֹאמְרוּ עוֹד חַי־יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה אֶת־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃

8  but rather, “As Hashem lives, who brought out and led the offspring of the House of Yisrael from the northland and from all the lands to which I have banished them.” And they shall dwell upon their own soil.

ח  כִּי אִם־חַי־יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה וַאֲשֶׁר הֵבִיא אֶת־זֶרַע בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֶרֶץ צָפוֹנָה וּמִכֹּל הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר הִדַּחְתִּים שָׁם וְיָשְׁבוּ עַל־אַדְמָתָם׃

9  Concerning the neviim. My heart is crushed within me, All my bones are trembling; I have become like a drunken man, Like one overcome by wine— Because of Hashem and His holy word.

ט  לַנְּבִאִים נִשְׁבַּר לִבִּי בְקִרְבִּי רָחֲפוּ כָּל־עַצְמוֹתַי הָיִיתִי כְּאִישׁ שִׁכּוֹר וּכְגֶבֶר עֲבָרוֹ יָיִן מִפְּנֵי יְהוָה וּמִפְּנֵי דִּבְרֵי קָדְשׁוֹ׃

10  For the land is full of adulterers, The land mourns because of a curse; The pastures of the wilderness are dried up. For they run to do evil, They strain to do wrong.

י  כִּי מְנָאֲפִים מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ כִּי־מִפְּנֵי אָלָה אָבְלָה הָאָרֶץ יָבְשׁוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר וַתְּהִי מְרוּצָתָם רָעָה וּגְבוּרָתָם לֹא־כֵן׃

11  For both navi and kohen are godless; Even in My House I find their wickedness —declares Hashem.

יא  כִּי־גַם־נָבִיא גַם־כֹּהֵן חָנֵפוּ גַּם־בְּבֵיתִי מָצָאתִי רָעָתָם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

12  Assuredly, Their path shall become Like slippery ground; They shall be thrust into darkness And there they shall fall; For I will bring disaster upon them, The year of their doom —declares Hashem.

יב  לָכֵן יִהְיֶה דַרְכָּם לָהֶם כַּחֲלַקְלַקּוֹת בָּאֲפֵלָה יִדַּחוּ וְנָפְלוּ בָהּ כִּי־אָבִיא עֲלֵיהֶם רָעָה שְׁנַת פְּקֻדָּתָם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

13  In the neviim of Shomron I saw a repulsive thing: They prophesied by Baal And led My people Yisrael astray.

יג  וּבִנְבִיאֵי שֹׁמְרוֹן רָאִיתִי תִפְלָה הִנַּבְּאוּ בַבַּעַל וַיַּתְעוּ אֶת־עַמִּי אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

14  But what I see in the neviim of Yerushalayim Is something horrifying: Adultery and false dealing. They encourage evildoers, So that no one turns back from his wickedness. To Me they are all like Sodom, And [all] its inhabitants like Gomorrah.

יד  וּבִנְבִאֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם רָאִיתִי שַׁעֲרוּרָה נָאוֹף וְהָלֹךְ בַּשֶּׁקֶר וְחִזְּקוּ יְדֵי מְרֵעִים לְבִלְתִּי־שָׁבוּ אִישׁ מֵרָעָתוֹ הָיוּ־לִי כֻלָּם כִּסְדֹם וְיֹשְׁבֶיהָ כַּעֲמֹרָה׃

15  Assuredly, thus said God of Hosts concerning the neviim: I am going to make them eat wormwood And drink a bitter draft; For from the neviim of YerushalayimHashemlessness has gone forth to the whole land.

טו  לָכֵן כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת עַל־הַנְּבִאִים הִנְנִי מַאֲכִיל אוֹתָם לַעֲנָה וְהִשְׁקִתִים מֵי־רֹאשׁ כִּי מֵאֵת נְבִיאֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם יָצְאָה חֲנֻפָּה לְכָל־הָאָרֶץ׃

16  Thus said God of Hosts: Do not listen to the words of the neviim Who prophesy to you. They are deluding you, The prophecies they speak are from their own minds, Not from the mouth of Hashem.

טז  כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אַל־תִּשְׁמְעוּ עַל־דִּבְרֵי הַנְּבִאִים הַנִּבְּאִים לָכֶם מַהְבִּלִים הֵמָּה אֶתְכֶם חֲזוֹן לִבָּם יְדַבֵּרוּ לֹא מִפִּי יְהוָה׃

17  They declare to men who despise Me: Hashem has said: “All shall be well with you”; And to all who follow their willful hearts they say: “No evil shall befall you.”

יז  אֹמְרִים אָמוֹר לִמְנַאֲצַי דִּבֶּר יְהוָה שָׁלוֹם יִהְיֶה לָכֶם וְכֹל הֹלֵךְ בִּשְׁרִרוּת לִבּוֹ אָמְרוּ לֹא־תָבוֹא עֲלֵיכֶם רָעָה׃

18  But he who has stood in the council of Hashem, And seen, and heard His word— He who has listened to His word must obey.

יח  כִּי מִי עָמַד בְּסוֹד יְהוָה וְיֵרֶא וְיִשְׁמַע אֶת־דְּבָרוֹ מִי־הִקְשִׁיב דברי [דְּבָרוֹ] וַיִּשְׁמָע׃

19  Lo, the storm of Hashem goes forth in fury, A whirling storm, It shall whirl down upon the heads of the wicked.

יט  הִנֵּה סַעֲרַת יְהוָה חֵמָה יָצְאָה וְסַעַר מִתְחוֹלֵל עַל רֹאשׁ רְשָׁעִים יָחוּל׃

20  The anger of Hashem shall not turn back Till it has fulfilled and completed His purposes. In the days to come You shall clearly perceive it.

כ  לֹא יָשׁוּב אַף־יְהוָה עַד־עֲשֹׂתוֹ וְעַד־הֲקִימוֹ מְזִמּוֹת לִבּוֹ בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים תִּתְבּוֹנְנוּ בָהּ בִּינָה׃

21  I did not send those neviim, But they rushed in; I did not speak to them, Yet they prophesied.

כא  לֹא־שָׁלַחְתִּי אֶת־הַנְּבִאִים וְהֵם רָצוּ לֹא־דִבַּרְתִּי אֲלֵיהֶם וְהֵם נִבָּאוּ׃

22  If they have stood in My council, Let them announce My words to My people And make them turn back From their evil ways and wicked acts.

כב  וְאִם־עָמְדוּ בְּסוֹדִי וְיַשְׁמִעוּ דְבָרַי אֶת־עַמִּי וִישִׁבוּם מִדַּרְכָּם הָרָע וּמֵרֹעַ מַעַלְלֵיהֶם׃

23  Am I only a Hashem near at hand —says Hashem— And not a Hashem far away?

כג  הַאֱלֹהֵי מִקָּרֹב אָנִי נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְלֹא אֱלֹהֵי מֵרָחֹק׃

24  If a man enters a hiding place, Do I not see him? —says Hashem. For I fill both heaven and earth —declares Hashem.

כד  אִם־יִסָּתֵר אִישׁ בַּמִּסְתָּרִים וַאֲנִי לֹא־אֶרְאֶנּוּ נְאֻם־יְהוָה הֲלוֹא אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲנִי מָלֵא נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

25  I have heard what the neviim say, who prophesy falsely in My name: “I had a dream, I had a dream.”

כה  שָׁמַעְתִּי אֵת אֲשֶׁר־אָמְרוּ הַנְּבִאִים הַנִּבְּאִים בִּשְׁמִי שֶׁקֶר לֵאמֹר חָלַמְתִּי חָלָמְתִּי׃

26  How long will there be in the minds of the neviim who prophesy falsehood—the neviim of their own deceitful minds—

כו  עַד־מָתַי הֲיֵשׁ בְּלֵב הַנְּבִאִים נִבְּאֵי הַשָּׁקֶר וּנְבִיאֵי תַּרְמִת לִבָּם׃

27  the plan to make My people forget My name, by means of the dreams which they tell each other, just as their fathers forgot My name because of Baal?

כז  הַחֹשְׁבִים לְהַשְׁכִּיחַ אֶת־עַמִּי שְׁמִי בַּחֲלוֹמֹתָם אֲשֶׁר יְסַפְּרוּ אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר שָׁכְחוּ אֲבוֹתָם אֶת־שְׁמִי בַּבָּעַל׃

28  Let the navi who has a dream tell the dream; and let him who has received My word report My word faithfully! How can straw be compared to grain?—says Hashem.

כח  הַנָּבִיא אֲשֶׁר־אִתּוֹ חֲלוֹם יְסַפֵּר חֲלוֹם וַאֲשֶׁר דְּבָרִי אִתּוֹ יְדַבֵּר דְּבָרִי אֱמֶת מַה־לַתֶּבֶן אֶת־הַבָּר נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

29  Behold, My word is like fire—declares Hashem—and like a hammer that shatters rock!

כט  הֲלוֹא כֹה דְבָרִי כָּאֵשׁ נְאֻם־יְהוָה וּכְפַטִּישׁ יְפֹצֵץ סָלַע׃

30  Assuredly, I am going to deal with the neviim—declares Hashem—who steal My words from one another.

ל  לָכֵן הִנְנִי עַל־הַנְּבִאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה מְגַנְּבֵי דְבָרַי אִישׁ מֵאֵת רֵעֵהוּ׃

31  I am going to deal with the neviim—declares Hashem—who wag their tongues and make oracular utterances.

לא  הִנְנִי עַל־הַנְּבִיאִם נְאֻם־יְהוָה הַלֹּקְחִים לְשׁוֹנָם וַיִּנְאֲמוּ נְאֻם׃

32  I am going to deal with those who prophesy lying dreams—declares Hashem—who relate them to lead My people astray with their reckless lies, when I did not send them or command them. They do this people no good—declares Hashem.

לב  הִנְנִי עַל־נִבְּאֵי חֲלֹמוֹת שֶׁקֶר נְאֻם־יְהוָה וַיְסַפְּרוּם וַיַּתְעוּ אֶת־עַמִּי בְּשִׁקְרֵיהֶם וּבְפַחֲזוּתָם וְאָנֹכִי לֹא־שְׁלַחְתִּים וְלֹא צִוִּיתִים וְהוֹעֵיל לֹא־יוֹעִילוּ לָעָם־הַזֶּה נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

33  And when this people—or a navi or a kohen—asks you, “What is the burden of Hashem?” you shall answer them, “What is the burden? I will cast you oV”—declares Hashem.

לג  וְכִי־יִשְׁאָלְךָ הָעָם הַזֶּה אוֹ־הַנָּבִיא אוֹ־כֹהֵן לֵאמֹר מַה־מַשָּׂא יְהוָה וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם אֶת־מַה־מַשָּׂא וְנָטַשְׁתִּי אֶתְכֶם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

34  As for the navi or kohen or layman who shall say “the burden of Hashem,” I will punish that person and his house.

לד  וְהַנָּבִיא וְהַכֹּהֵן וְהָעָם אֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר מַשָּׂא יְהוָה וּפָקַדְתִּי עַל־הָאִישׁ הַהוּא וְעַל־בֵּיתוֹ׃

35  Thus you shall speak to each other, every one to his fellow, “What has Hashem answered?” or “What has Hashem spoken?”

לה  כֹּה תֹאמְרוּ אִישׁ עַל־רֵעֵהוּ וְאִישׁ אֶל־אָחִיו מֶה־עָנָה יְהוָה וּמַה־דִּבֶּר יְהוָה׃

36  But do not mention “the burden of Hashem” any more. Does a man regard his own word as a “burden,” that you pervert the words of the living Hashem, God of Hosts, our God?

לו  וּמַשָּׂא יְהוָה לֹא תִזְכְּרוּ־עוֹד כִּי הַמַּשָּׂא יִהְיֶה לְאִישׁ דְּבָרוֹ וַהֲפַכְתֶּם אֶת־דִּבְרֵי אֱלֹהִים חַיִּים יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵינוּ׃

37  Thus you shall speak to the navi: “What did Hashem answer you?” or “What did Hashem speak?”

לז  כֹּה תֹאמַר אֶל־הַנָּבִיא מֶה־עָנָךְ יְהוָה וּמַה־דִּבֶּר יְהוָה׃

38  But if you say “the burden of Hashem”—assuredly, thus said Hashem: Because you said this thing, “the burden of Hashem,” whereas I sent word to you not to say “the burden of Hashem,”

לח  וְאִם־מַשָּׂא יְהוָה תֹּאמֵרוּ לָכֵן כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה יַעַן אֲמָרְכֶם אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה מַשָּׂא יְהוָה וָאֶשְׁלַח אֲלֵיכֶם לֵאמֹר לֹא תֹאמְרוּ מַשָּׂא יְהוָה׃

39  I will utterly forget you and I will cast you away from My presence, together with the city that I gave to you and your fathers.

לט  לָכֵן הִנְנִי וְנָשִׁיתִי אֶתְכֶם נָשֹׁא וְנָטַשְׁתִּי אֶתְכֶם וְאֶת־הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לָכֶם וְלַאֲבוֹתֵיכֶם מֵעַל פָּנָי׃

40  And I will lay upon you a disgrace for all time, shame for all time, which shall never be forgotten.


מ  וְנָתַתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם חֶרְפַּת עוֹלָם וּכְלִמּוּת עוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר לֹא תִשָּׁכֵחַ׃

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Jeremiah 22
Jeremiah 24

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Jeremiah 23

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