2 Make sacral vestments for your brother Aharon, for dignity and adornment.
v’-a-SEE-ta vig-day KO-desh l’-a-ha-RON a-KHEE-kha l’-kha-VOD ul-tif-A-ret
ב וְעָשִׂיתָ בִגְדֵי־קֹדֶשׁ לְאַהֲרֹן אָחִיךָ לְכָבוֹד וּלְתִפְאָרֶת׃
28:2 For dignity and adornment
The verse says that the purpose of the priestly garments is for kavod (כבוד), ‘dignity,’ and tiferet (תפארת), ‘adornment.’ What is the difference between these two words? The Malbim explains that kavod is the honor a person gets for the things that are part of his inherent nature. Tiferet, on the other hand, is the glory one receives as a result of his own efforts and accomplishments. The special priestly garments signify both the dignity of their God-given position as well as the “adornment” of the accomplishments the priests would achieve by investing effort and energy in their elevated spiritual position.