Exodus 24:4
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4  Moshe then wrote down all the commands of Hashem. Early in the morning, he set up a mizbayach at the foot of the mountain, with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Yisrael.

va-yikh-TOV mo-SHEH AYT kol div-RAY a-do-NAI va-yash-KAYM ba-BO-ker va-YI-ven miz-BAY-akh TA-khat ha-HAR u-sh’-TAYM es-RAY ma-tzay-VAH lish-NAYM a-SAR shiv-TAY yis-ra-AYL

ד  וַיִּכְתֹּב מֹשֶׁה אֵת כָּל־דִּבְרֵי יְהֹוָה וַיַּשְׁכֵּם בַּבֹּקֶר וַיִּבֶן מִזְבֵּחַ תַּחַת הָהָר וּשְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה מַצֵּבָה לִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

 24:4   With twelve pillars

If the Twelve Tribes are physically present at the foot of the mountain, what is the meaning behind the symbolic representation of the tribes through the twelve pillars erected by Moshe? Commentators reflect that these pillars are meant to represent all future descendants of the nation alongside the generation that exited Egypt. Based on this verse, the Sages of the Midrash teach that, in a sense, all the future souls of the Jewish nation were present at Sinai; they too witnessed the revelation of God and personally accepted the Torah and its laws upon themselves.

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Exodus 24
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  • We have a video taken by a European family [Christian] who worked in Saudi Arabia. The video is of their finding a mountain, with tight security around it, so no man could enter. However the family did find a way and went to see what was so important that people were not allowed there. They found on the top of the mountain, two things. One was an area where it looked as though there had been a fire, the surrounding were blackened, and there was a huge rock that was cleft in two and the stones around it were very smooth.

    As they looked down there was what seemed to them to be an altar and twelve stations, columns or pillars. They surmised that this is where Moses saw the burning tree, or a fire had been there. The stones around they thought had been smooth as though vast torrents of water had smoothed them, like at the beach. The twelve stations there surmised were for the twelve Tribes.

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Exodus 24:4

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