Exodus 21:1
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1  These are the rules that you shall set before them:

v’-AY-leh ha-mish-pa-TEEM a-SHER ta-SEEM lif-nay-HEM

א  וְאֵלֶּה הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים אֲשֶׁר תָּשִׂים לִפְנֵיהֶם׃

 21:1   These are the rules

Following the giving of the Ten Commandments, the Torah discusses numerous civil laws dealing with honest and ethical business practices and interpersonal relationships. These laws precede the dictates regulating our relationship with Hashem, teaching us that religion demands not just belief, but ethical conduct as well. In fact, there is an oft-quoted adage, “derech eretz kadma laTorah” (דרך ארץ קדמה לתורה), which means that ‘ethics precedes Torah.’ Decency and common courtesy serve as the foundation for keeping the rest of the Torah’s commandments.

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Exodus 21
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Comments ( 6 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • Shlomenu

    having the personal relationship with God is very much important



  • I agree to a point Ricky, it is both a religion, one of the major extant religions of the world, and it also gives us the opportunity,, by faith, to have a relationship with our creator. I did a course at the Waikato University many years ago and Judaism was one of the religions covered by the name of the course 'The Six major Extant Religions of the World'. I did not then have the faith I do now I should add.

    Having faith in Hashem and having a relationship with the one one has faith in is the most important relationship we can ever have. From this relationship come the standards and conducts by which we as believers live by.

    • I also believe that "religion" is a word of convenience used to give secular 'tieing down' of any belief in a 'greater power'. Our Jewish and/or Christian beliefs are walking hand-in-hand, heart-to-heart, spirit-to-spirit with G-d. As the internet has opened the world before me, I have yet to speak to one about "religion" where there is a personal relationship between them and their god. (Bear in mind, my knowledge and experience is limited – I have no great study of religions under my belt.)

      • Steve Schneider

        Judaism and christianity do not walk hand in hand. Judaism believes in a single G-d. christianity believes in a trinity which was believed by many people throughout the middle east. christianity is what I would call a pagan idol worshipping religion.

  • In your comment on verse 1, you say ‘RELIGION DEMANDS NOT JUST BELIEF, BUT ETHICAL CONDUCT AS WELL.’

    Why do you call this a RELIGION?

    It is a RELATIONSHIP with YHWH..
    And what it demands is that one has to have upright dealings with other fellowmen if one is to “walk with YHWH”.

    Covenant with Abraham is a relationship — “I shall be your God and you shall be my people”.

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Exodus 21:1

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