1 we marched back into the wilderness by the way of the Sea of Reeds, as Hashem had spoken to me, and skirted the hill country of Seir a long time.
א וַנֵּפֶן וַנִּסַּע הַמִּדְבָּרָה דֶּרֶךְ יַם־סוּף כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה אֵלָי וַנָּסָב אֶת־הַר־שֵׂעִיר יָמִים רַבִּים׃
2 Then Hashem said to me:
ב וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר׃
3 You have been skirting this hill country long enough; now turn north.
ג רַב־לָכֶם סֹב אֶת־הָהָר הַזֶּה פְּנוּ לָכֶם צָפֹנָה׃
6 What food you eat you shall obtain from them for money; even the water you drink you shall procure from them for money.
ו אֹכֶל תִּשְׁבְּרוּ מֵאִתָּם בַּכֶּסֶף וַאֲכַלְתֶּם וְגַם־מַיִם תִּכְרוּ מֵאִתָּם בַּכֶּסֶף וּשְׁתִיתֶם׃
7 Indeed, Hashem your God has blessed you in all your undertakings. He has watched over your wanderings through this great wilderness; Hashem your God has been with you these past forty years: you have lacked nothing.
ז כִּי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בֵּרַכְךָ בְּכֹל מַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶךָ יָדַע לֶכְתְּךָ אֶת־הַמִּדְבָּר הַגָּדֹל הַזֶּה זֶה אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ עִמָּךְ לֹא חָסַרְתָּ דָּבָר׃
8 We then moved on, away from our kinsmen, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, away from the road of the Arabah, away from Eilat and Ezion-geber; and we marched on in the direction of the wilderness of Moab.
9 And Hashem said to me: Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war. For I will not give you any of their land as a possession; I have assigned Ar as a possession to the descendants of Lot.—
va-YO-mer a-do-NAI ay-LAI al ta-TZAR et mo-AV v’-al tit-GAR BAM mil-kha-MAH KEE lo e-TAYN l’-KHA may-ar-TZO y’-ru-SHAH KEE liv-nay LOT na-TA-tee et AR y’-ru-SHAH
2:9 I have assigned Ar as a possession to the descendants of Lot
The people of Moab are descendants of Lot, nephew of Avraham. When Avraham went to Egypt to escape the famine, he told the Egyptians that Sara was his sister, instead of his wife, in order to save his life. The Sages of the Midrash explain that Lot, who was with them, maintained his silence and preserved the secret. As an expression of gratitude for this act of nobility, the children of Avraham are forbidden from attacking the children of Lot generations later, even for the purpose of expanding the borders of Israel.1 comment
10 It was formerly inhabited by the Emim, a people great and numerous, and as tall as the Anakites.
י הָאֵמִים לְפָנִים יָשְׁבוּ בָהּ עַם גָּדוֹל וְרַב וָרָם כָּעֲנָקִים׃
11 Like the Anakites, they are counted as Rephaim; but the Moabites call them Emim.
יא רְפָאִים יֵחָשְׁבוּ אַף־הֵם כָּעֲנָקִים וְהַמֹּאָבִים יִקְרְאוּ לָהֶם אֵמִים׃
12 Similarly, Seir was formerly inhabited by the Horites; but the descendants of Esau dispossessed them, wiping them out and settling in their place, just as Yisrael did in the land they were to possess, which Hashem had given to them.—
14 The time that we spent in travel from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the wadi Zered was thirty-eight years, until that whole generation of warriors had perished from the camp, as Hashem had sworn concerning them.
15 Indeed, the hand of Hashem struck them, to root them out from the camp to the last man.
טו וְגַם יַד־יְהֹוָה הָיְתָה בָּם לְהֻמָּם מִקֶּרֶב הַמַּחֲנֶה עַד תֻּמָּם׃
16 When all the warriors among the people had died off,
טז וַיְהִי כַאֲשֶׁר־תַּמּוּ כָּל־אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה לָמוּת מִקֶּרֶב הָעָם׃
17 Hashem spoke to me, saying:
יז וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר׃
19 You will then be close to the Ammonites; do not harass them or start a fight with them. For I will not give any part of the land of the Ammonites to you as a possession; I have assigned it as a possession to the descendants of Lot.—
21 a people great and numerous and as tall as the Anakites. Hashem wiped them out, so that [the Ammonites] dispossessed them and settled in their place,
כא עַם גָּדוֹל וְרַב וָרָם כָּעֲנָקִים וַיַּשְׁמִידֵם יְהֹוָה מִפְּנֵיהֶם וַיִּירָשֻׁם וַיֵּשְׁבוּ תַחְתָּם׃
25 This day I begin to put the dread and fear of you upon the peoples everywhere under heaven, so that they shall tremble and quake because of you whenever they hear you mentioned.
כה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה אָחֵל תֵּת פַּחְדְּךָ וְיִרְאָתְךָ עַל־פְּנֵי הָעַמִּים תַּחַת כָּל־הַשָּׁמָיִם אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁמְעוּן שִׁמְעֲךָ וְרָגְזוּ וְחָלוּ מִפָּנֶיךָ׃
27 “Let me pass through your country. I will keep strictly to the highway, turning off neither to the right nor to the left.
כז אֶעְבְּרָה בְאַרְצֶךָ בַּדֶּרֶךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ אֵלֵךְ לֹא אָסוּר יָמִין וּשְׂמֹאול׃
28 What food I eat you will supply for money, and what water I drink you will furnish for money; just let me pass through
כח אֹכֶל בַּכֶּסֶף תַּשְׁבִּרֵנִי וְאָכַלְתִּי וּמַיִם בַּכֶּסֶף תִּתֶּן־לִי וְשָׁתִיתִי רַק אֶעְבְּרָה בְרַגְלָי׃
ל וְלֹא אָבָה סִיחֹן מֶלֶךְ חֶשְׁבּוֹן הַעֲבִרֵנוּ בּוֹ כִּי־הִקְשָׁה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־רוּחוֹ וְאִמֵּץ אֶת־לְבָבוֹ לְמַעַן תִּתּוֹ בְיָדְךָ כַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃
31 And Hashem said to me: See, I begin by placing Sihon and his land at your disposal. Begin the occupation; take possession of his land.
לא וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי רְאֵה הַחִלֹּתִי תֵּת לְפָנֶיךָ אֶת־סִיחֹן וְאֶת־אַרְצוֹ הָחֵל רָשׁ לָרֶשֶׁת אֶת־אַרְצוֹ׃
לב וַיֵּצֵא סִיחֹן לִקְרָאתֵנוּ הוּא וְכָל־עַמּוֹ לַמִּלְחָמָה יָהְצָה׃
33 and Hashem our God delivered him to us and we defeated him and his sons and all his men.
לג וַיִּתְּנֵהוּ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ לְפָנֵינוּ וַנַּךְ אֹתוֹ וְאֶת־בנו [בָּנָיו] וְאֶת־כָּל־עַמּוֹ׃
34 At that time we captured all his towns, and we doomed every town—men, women, and children—leaving no survivor.
35 We retained as booty only the cattle and the spoil of the cities that we captured.
לה רַק הַבְּהֵמָה בָּזַזְנוּ לָנוּ וּשְׁלַל הֶעָרִים אֲשֶׁר לָכָדְנוּ׃