Chapter 30

Translation and Transliteration of 

1When all these things befall you—the blessing and the curse that I have set before you—and you take them to heart amidst the various nations to which Hashem your God has banished you,

v'-ha-YA, khi-ya-VO-u a-LE-kha kol ha-d'-va-REEM ha-E-leh ha-b'-ra-KHA v'-ha-k'-la-LAH a-SHER na-ta-TEE l'-fa-NE-kha, va-ha-shay-VO-ta el l'-va-VE-kha b'-kol ha-go-YEEM a-SHER hi-di-KHA a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha sha-MAH

אוְהָיָה֩ כִֽי־יָבֹ֨אוּ עָלֶ֜יךָ כׇּל־הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֗לֶּה הַבְּרָכָה֙ וְהַקְּלָלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָתַ֖תִּי לְפָנֶ֑יךָ וַהֲשֵׁבֹתָ֙ אֶל־לְבָבֶ֔ךָ בְּכׇ֨ל־הַגּוֹיִ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֧ר הִדִּיחֲךָ֛ יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ שָֽׁמָּה׃

2and you return to Hashem your God, and you and your children heed His command with all your heart and soul, just as I enjoin upon you this day,

v'-sha-VAT aD a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha v'-sha-ma-TA b'-KO-lo k'-KOL a-SHER a-NO-khi m'-tza-VE-kha ha-YOM, a-TAH u-va-NE-kha b'-KOL l'-va-VE-kha u-v'-KOL naf-SHE-kha.

בוְשַׁבְתָּ֞ עַד־יְהֹוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ וְשָׁמַעְתָּ֣ בְקֹל֔וֹ כְּכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־אָנֹכִ֥י מְצַוְּךָ֖ הַיּ֑וֹם אַתָּ֣ה וּבָנֶ֔יךָ בְּכׇל־לְבָבְךָ֖ וּבְכׇל־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ׃

3then Hashem your God will restore your fortunes and take you back in love. He will bring you together again from all the peoples where Hashem your God has scattered you.

v'-SHAV a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha et sh'-vu-t'-KHA v'-ri-kha-ME-kha v'-SHAV v'-ki-betz-KHA mi-kol HA-a-MEEM a-SHER he-fitz-KHA a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha SHA-mah

גוְשָׁ֨ב יְהֹוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ אֶת־שְׁבוּתְךָ֖ וְרִחֲמֶ֑ךָ וְשָׁ֗ב וְקִבֶּצְךָ֙ מִכׇּל־הָ֣עַמִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֧ר הֱפִֽיצְךָ֛ יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ שָֽׁמָּה׃

30:3 Then Hashem your God will restore your fortunes

Natan Sharansky (b. 1948)

In his book Meshech Chochma, Rabbi Meir Simcha of Dvinsk (1843-1926) clarifies that this verse, foretelling the ingathering of the exiles, refers to two distinct groups of people. “God will restore your fortunes” alludes to the Jews who yearn to return to the Land of Israel. This group will be brought to Eretz Yisrael first. Subsequently, “He will bring you together again,” and even those Jews who have become comfortable on foreign soil and lost their connection with Israel will be brought back. We are privileged to witness the first part of the verse being fulfilled, as thousands of Jews choose to make aliya each year. In 2015, more than 31,000 Jewish immigrants left their homes worldwide and moved to the Land of Israel. Why do so many Jews choose to make Eretz Yisrael their home? According to Natan Sharansky, former Soviet “refusenik” and chairman of the Jewish Agency for Israel, “The high number of immigrants, particularly from western countries, attests to the drawing power of the Zionist idea. The fact that immigrants choose to come to Israel is a sign that Israel invests their lives with meaning that they cannot find elsewhere.”

4Even if your outcasts are at the ends of the world, from there Hashem your God will gather you, from there He will fetch you.

im-yi-HE-yeh ni-DA-kha-KHA bi-k'-TZAY ha-sha-MA-yim, mi-SHAM y'-ka-BETZ-kha, a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha, u-mi-SHAM yi-ka-KHE-kha.

דאִם־יִהְיֶ֥ה נִֽדַּחֲךָ֖ בִּקְצֵ֣ה הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם מִשָּׁ֗ם יְקַבֶּצְךָ֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ וּמִשָּׁ֖ם יִקָּחֶֽךָ׃

5And Hashem your God will bring you to the land that your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it; and He will make you more prosperous and more numerous than your fathers.

ve-he-vee-a-KHA a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha el ha-A-retz a-sher ya-r'-SHU a-vo-TE-kha vee-rish-TA v'-hay-tiv-KHA v'-hir-b'-KHA ear-be-KHA may-a-vo-TE-kha

הוֶהֱבִיאֲךָ֞ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ אֶל־הָאָ֛רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁ֥וּ אֲבֹתֶ֖יךָ וִֽירִשְׁתָּ֑הּ וְהֵיטִֽבְךָ֥ וְהִרְבְּךָ֖ מֵאֲבֹתֶֽיךָ׃

 30:5   The land that your fathers possessed

Customarily, this passage is read in synagogue every year prior to Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year and the first of the High Holidays. It describes the redemption of the Jewish people and their physical return to the Land of Israel. What is the connection between the return to the land and the High Holidays? One of the central themes of Rosh Hashana is the recognition of Hashem’s dominion over the whole world. Only at the time of the complete return of the People of Israel to Eretz Yisrael will all the world recognize Hashem as the King of the world. As it says “And Hashem shall be king over all the earth; in that day there shall be one Hashem with one name” (Zechariah 14:9).

6Then Hashem your God will open up your heart and the hearts of your offspring to love Hashem your God with all your heart and soul, in order that you may live.

u-MAL a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha et l'-va-VE-kha v'-et l'-va-VAV zar-E-kha l'-a-ha-VA et a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha b'-KOL l'-va-VE-kha u-v'-KOL naf-SHE-kha l'-ma-an kha-YE-kha

ווּמָ֨ל יְהֹוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ אֶת־לְבָבְךָ֖ וְאֶת־לְבַ֣ב זַרְעֶ֑ךָ לְאַהֲבָ֞ה אֶת־יְהֹוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ בְּכׇל־לְבָבְךָ֥ וּבְכׇל־נַפְשְׁךָ֖ לְמַ֥עַן חַיֶּֽיךָ׃

7Hashem your God will inflict all those curses upon the enemies and foes who persecuted you.

v'-na-TAN a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha AYT kol-ha-a-LOT ha-E-leh al-o-y'-VE-kha v'-al-so-NE-e-kha a-SHER re-da-PU-kha

זוְנָתַן֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ אֵ֥ת כׇּל־הָאָל֖וֹת הָאֵ֑לֶּה עַל־אֹיְבֶ֥יךָ וְעַל־שֹׂנְאֶ֖יךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר רְדָפֽוּךָ׃

8You, however, will again heed Hashem and obey all His commandments that I enjoin upon you this day.

v'-a-TAH ta-SHUv v'-sha-MA-ta b'-KOL a-do-NAI v'-a-SEE-ta et-KOL mitz-vo-TAV a-SHER a-NO-khi m'-tza-VE-kha ha-YOM

חוְאַתָּ֣ה תָשׁ֔וּב וְשָׁמַעְתָּ֖ בְּק֣וֹל יְהֹוָ֑ה וְעָשִׂ֙יתָ֙ אֶת־כׇּל־מִצְוֺתָ֔יו אֲשֶׁ֛ר אָנֹכִ֥י מְצַוְּךָ֖ הַיּֽוֹם׃

9And Hashem your God will grant you abounding prosperity in all your undertakings, in the issue of your womb, the offspring of your cattle, and the produce of your soil. For Hashem will again delight in your well-being, as He did in that of your fathers,

v'-ho-ti-R'-kha a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha b'-KOL ma-a-SEH ya-DE-kha b'-fi-REE vit-NE-kha u-vi-fi-REE v'-hem-t'-KHA u-vi-fi-REE ad-mat-KHA l'-to-VAH, kee ya-SHUV a-do-NAI la-SUS a-LE-kha l'-TOV ka-a-SHER-sus al a-vo-tay-KHA.

טוְהוֹתִֽירְךָ֩ יְהֹוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ בְּכֹ֣ל ׀ מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה יָדֶ֗ךָ בִּפְרִ֨י בִטְנְךָ֜ וּבִפְרִ֧י בְהֶמְתְּךָ֛ וּבִפְרִ֥י אַדְמָתְךָ֖ לְטֹבָ֑ה כִּ֣י ׀ יָשׁ֣וּב יְהֹוָ֗ה לָשׂ֤וּשׂ עָלֶ֙יךָ֙ לְט֔וֹב כַּאֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֖שׂ עַל־אֲבֹתֶֽיךָ׃

10since you will be heeding Hashem your God and keeping His commandments and laws that are recorded in this book of the Teaching—once you return to Hashem your God with all your heart and soul.

ki tish-MA b'-KOL a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha lish-MO-tav v'-khuk-KO-tav ha-ku-tu-VAH b'-SE-fer ha-to-RAH ha-ZEH ki ta-SHU-v el a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha b'-khol l'-va-VE-kha u-v'-khol naf-SHE-kha. (SELAH)

יכִּ֣י תִשְׁמַ֗ע בְּקוֹל֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ לִשְׁמֹ֤ר מִצְוֺתָיו֙ וְחֻקֹּתָ֔יו הַכְּתוּבָ֕ה בְּסֵ֥פֶר הַתּוֹרָ֖ה הַזֶּ֑ה כִּ֤י תָשׁוּב֙ אֶל־יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ בְּכׇל־לְבָבְךָ֖ וּבְכׇל־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ׃

11Surely, this Instruction which I enjoin upon you this day is not too baffling for you, nor is it beyond reach.

ki ha-mitz-VAH ha-ZOT a-SHER a-NO-khi m'-tza-VE-kha ha-YOM lo-nif-LAYT hee mi-m'-KHA v'-lo r'-KHO-kah hee

יאכִּ֚י הַמִּצְוָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את אֲשֶׁ֛ר אָנֹכִ֥י מְצַוְּךָ֖ הַיּ֑וֹם לֹא־נִפְלֵ֥את הִוא֙ מִמְּךָ֔ וְלֹ֥א רְחֹקָ֖ה הִֽוא׃

12It is not in the heavens, that you should say, “Who among us can go up to the heavens and get it for us and impart it to us, that we may observe it?”

lo va-sha-MA-yim HI le-MOR: mee ya-a-LEH LA-nu ha-sha-MA-yi-MAH, v'-yi-ka-CHE-ha LA-nu, v'-yash-mi-E-nu o-TAH, v'-na-a-SE-nah

יבלֹ֥א בַשָּׁמַ֖יִם הִ֑וא לֵאמֹ֗ר מִ֣י יַעֲלֶה־לָּ֤נוּ הַשָּׁמַ֙יְמָה֙ וְיִקָּחֶ֣הָ לָּ֔נוּ וְיַשְׁמִעֵ֥נוּ אֹתָ֖הּ וְנַעֲשֶֽׂנָּה׃

13Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, “Who among us can cross to the other side of the sea and get it for us and impart it to us, that we may observe it?”

v'-lo-may-E-ver la-YAM hi le-MOR: mee ya-a-VOR-LA-nu el-E-ver ha-YAM, v'-yi-ka-CHE-ha LA-nu, v'-yash-mi-E-nu o-TAH, v'-na-a-SE-nah

יגוְלֹא־מֵעֵ֥בֶר לַיָּ֖ם הִ֑וא לֵאמֹ֗ר מִ֣י יַעֲבׇר־לָ֜נוּ אֶל־עֵ֤בֶר הַיָּם֙ וְיִקָּחֶ֣הָ לָּ֔נוּ וְיַשְׁמִעֵ֥נוּ אֹתָ֖הּ וְנַעֲשֶֽׂנָּה׃

14No, the thing is very close to you, in your mouth and in your heart, to observe it.

ki-ka-ROV e-LE-kha ha-DA-var me-OD b'-fi-KHA u-vil-va-ve-KHA la-a-SO-to. (S)

ידכִּֽי־קָר֥וֹב אֵלֶ֛יךָ הַדָּבָ֖ר מְאֹ֑ד בְּפִ֥יךָ וּבִֽלְבָבְךָ֖ לַעֲשֹׂתֽוֹ׃

15See, I set before you this day life and prosperity, death and adversity.

RE-ei na-TA-tee l'-fa-NE-kha ha-YOM et ha-KHA-yim v'-et ha-TOV v'-et ha-MA-vet v'-et ha-RA

טורְאֵ֨ה נָתַ֤תִּי לְפָנֶ֙יךָ֙ הַיּ֔וֹם אֶת־הַֽחַיִּ֖ים וְאֶת־הַטּ֑וֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּ֖וֶת וְאֶת־הָרָֽע׃

16For I command you this day, to love Hashem your God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments, His laws, and His rules, that you may thrive and increase, and that Hashem your God may bless you in the land that you are about to enter and possess.

a-SHER a-no-KHEE m'-tza-v'-KHA ha-YOM l'-a-ha-VAH et a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha la-LE-khet bid-ra-KHAV v'-lish-MOR mitz-vo-TAV v'khu-ko-TAV u-mish-pa-TAV v'-kha-YEE-ta v'-ra-VEE-ta u-vay-ra-kh'-KHA a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha ba-A-retz a-sher a-TAH va SHA-mah l'-rish-TAH

טזאֲשֶׁ֨ר אָנֹכִ֣י מְצַוְּךָ֮ הַיּוֹם֒ לְאַהֲבָ֞ה אֶת־יְהֹוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ לָלֶ֣כֶת בִּדְרָכָ֔יו וְלִשְׁמֹ֛ר מִצְוֺתָ֥יו וְחֻקֹּתָ֖יו וּמִשְׁפָּטָ֑יו וְחָיִ֣יתָ וְרָבִ֔יתָ וּבֵֽרַכְךָ֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ בָּאָ֕רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה בָא־שָׁ֖מָּה לְרִשְׁתָּֽהּ׃

17But if your heart turns away and you give no heed, and are lured into the worship and service of other gods,

v'-im yi-FNEH l'-va-VE-kha v'-LO tish-MA, v'-ni-DACH-ta v'-hish-ta-cha-VEE-ta le-E-lo-HEEM a-khe-REEM va-a-va-d'-TAM

יזוְאִם־יִפְנֶ֥ה לְבָבְךָ֖ וְלֹ֣א תִשְׁמָ֑ע וְנִדַּחְתָּ֗ וְהִֽשְׁתַּחֲוִ֛יתָ לֵאלֹהִ֥ים אֲחֵרִ֖ים וַעֲבַדְתָּֽם׃

18I declare to you this day that you shall certainly perish; you shall not long endure on the soil that you are crossing the Yarden to enter and possess.

hi-GAD-tee LA-khem ha-YOM, KEE a-VOD to-VE-duN, lo-ta-a-ree-KHUN ya-MEEM al ha-a-da-MAH a-SHER a-TAH o-VAYR et ha-YAR-den la-VO shah-MAH le-ri-SH-tah

יחהִגַּ֤דְתִּי לָכֶם֙ הַיּ֔וֹם כִּ֥י אָבֹ֖ד תֹּאבֵד֑וּן לֹא־תַאֲרִיכֻ֤ן יָמִים֙ עַל־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר אַתָּ֤ה עֹבֵר֙ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן לָב֥וֹא שָׁ֖מָּה לְרִשְׁתָּֽהּ׃

19I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day: I have put before you life and death, blessing and curse. Choose life—if you and your offspring would live

ha-i-do-TEE va-KHEM ha-YOM et ha-sha-MA-yim v'-et ha-A-retz, ha-KHA-yim v'-ha-ma-VET na-ta-TEE l'-fa-NE-kha, ha-b'-ra-KHA v'-ha-k'-la-LAH, u-va-KHAR-ta ba-KHA-yim l'-ma-an ti-KHE-yeh a-TAH v'-zar-E-kha.

יטהַעִדֹ֨תִי בָכֶ֣ם הַיּוֹם֮ אֶת־הַשָּׁמַ֣יִם וְאֶת־הָאָ֒רֶץ֒ הַחַיִּ֤ים וְהַמָּ֙וֶת֙ נָתַ֣תִּי לְפָנֶ֔יךָ הַבְּרָכָ֖ה וְהַקְּלָלָ֑ה וּבָֽחַרְתָּ֙ בַּחַיִּ֔ים לְמַ֥עַן תִּֽחְיֶ֖ה אַתָּ֥ה וְזַרְעֶֽךָ׃

20by loving Hashem your God, heeding His commands, and holding fast to Him. For thereby you shall have life and shall long endure upon the soil that Hashem swore to your ancestors, Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, to give to them.

l'-a-ha-VAH et a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha lish-MO-a b'-ko-LO ul-dav-kah VO KEE HU kha-YE-kha v'-O-rekh ya-ME-kha la-SHE-vet al ha-a-da-MAH a-SHER nish-BA a-do-NAI la-a-vo-TE-kha l'-av-ra-HAM l'-yitz-KHAK ul-ya-a-KOV la-TAYT la-HEM

כלְאַֽהֲבָה֙ אֶת־יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ לִשְׁמֹ֥עַ בְּקֹל֖וֹ וּלְדׇבְקָה־ב֑וֹ כִּ֣י ה֤וּא חַיֶּ֙יךָ֙ וְאֹ֣רֶךְ יָמֶ֔יךָ לָשֶׁ֣בֶת עַל־הָאֲדָמָ֗ה אֲשֶׁר֩ נִשְׁבַּ֨ע יְהֹוָ֧ה לַאֲבֹתֶ֛יךָ לְאַבְרָהָ֛ם לְיִצְחָ֥ק וּֽלְיַעֲקֹ֖ב לָתֵ֥ת לָהֶֽם׃