Contact Us


Chapter 6

Translation and Transliteration of 

1And this is the Instruction—the laws and the rules—that Hashem your God has commanded [me] to impart to you, to be observed in the land that you are about to cross into and occupy,

v'-ZOT ha-mitz-VAH ha-khu-KIM v'-ha-mish-PA-TEEM a-SHER tzi-VAH a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-khem l'-la-MAYD et-KHEM la-a-SOT ba-A-retz a-SHER a-TEM o-ve-REEM sha-MAH l'-rish-TAH

אוְזֹ֣את הַמִּצְוָ֗ה הַֽחֻקִּים֙ וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֛ה יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֖ם לְלַמֵּ֣ד אֶתְכֶ֑ם לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת בָּאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַתֶּ֛ם עֹבְרִ֥ים שָׁ֖מָּה לְרִשְׁתָּֽהּ׃

2so that you, your children, and your children's children may revere Hashem your God and follow, as long as you live, all His laws and commandments that I enjoin upon you, to the end that you may long endure.

l'-ma-an ti-RA et a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha lish-MOR et-KOL khu-ko-TAV u-mitz-vo-TAV a-SHER a-no-KHEE m'-tza-VE-kha, a-TAH u-vin-KHA u-ven-BIN-kha, KOL ye-MAY kha-YE-kha u-l'-ma-an ya-a-ri-KHUN ya-MAY-kha.

בלְמַ֨עַן תִּירָ֜א אֶת־יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ לִ֠שְׁמֹ֠ר אֶת־כׇּל־חֻקֹּתָ֣יו וּמִצְוֺתָיו֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָנֹכִ֣י מְצַוֶּ֒ךָ֒ אַתָּה֙ וּבִנְךָ֣ וּבֶן־בִּנְךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל יְמֵ֣י חַיֶּ֑יךָ וּלְמַ֖עַן יַאֲרִכֻ֥ן יָמֶֽיךָ׃

3Obey, O Yisrael, willingly and faithfully, that it may go well with you and that you may increase greatly [in] a land flowing with milk and honey, as Hashem, the God of your fathers, spoke to you.

v'-sha-MA-ta yis-ra-AYL v'-sha-MAR-ta la-a-SOT a-SHER yi-TAV l'-KHA va-a-SHER tir-BU-n m'-OD ka-a-SHER di-BER a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY a-vo-TAY-kha LA-kh, E-retz za-VAT kha-LAV u-d'-VASH. (pey)

גוְשָׁמַעְתָּ֤ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֣ לַעֲשׂ֔וֹת אֲשֶׁר֙ יִיטַ֣ב לְךָ֔ וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר תִּרְבּ֖וּן מְאֹ֑ד כַּאֲשֶׁר֩ דִּבֶּ֨ר יְהֹוָ֜ה אֱלֹהֵ֤י אֲבֹתֶ֙יךָ֙ לָ֔ךְ אֶ֛רֶץ זָבַ֥ת חָלָ֖ב וּדְבָֽשׁ׃

4Hear, O Yisrael! Hashem is our God, Hashem alone.

sh'-MA yis-ra-AYL a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY-nu a-do-NAI e-KHAD

דשְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהֹוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד׃

 6:4   Hashem is our God, Hashem alone

The single most important belief in Judaism is the belief in monotheism, the oneness of God. This key principle is attested to in this fundamental verse, known as the Shema, which is recited twice each day by Jews. In the unique system of gematriya, in which every Hebrew letter is assigned a numerical value, the word echad (אחד), which means ‘one’ and is translated here as ‘alone,’ adds up to 13: א equals 1, ח equals 8, and ד equals 4. Interestingly, 13 is also the numerical value of the word ahava (אהבה), ‘love,’ as א equals 1, ה equals 5, ב equals 2, and ה equals 5. The hidden message of this gematriya is that the greatest love a person can feel is the love of the one and only God, whose very essence is love.

5You shall love Hashem your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

v'-a-HAV-ta et a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha b'-khol l'-va-VE-kha u-v'-khol naf-sh'-KHA u-v'-khol m'-o-DE-kha

הוְאָ֣הַבְתָּ֔ אֵ֖ת יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ בְּכׇל־לְבָבְךָ֥ וּבְכׇל־נַפְשְׁךָ֖ וּבְכׇל־מְאֹדֶֽךָ׃

6Take to heart these instructions with which I charge you this day.

v'-ha-YU ha-d'-va-REEM ha-AY-leh a-SHER a-no-KHEE m'-tza-v'-KHA ha-YOM al l'-va-VE-kha

ווְהָי֞וּ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֗לֶּה אֲשֶׁ֨ר אָנֹכִ֧י מְצַוְּךָ֛ הַיּ֖וֹם עַל־לְבָבֶֽךָ׃

 6:6   These instructions with which I charge you this day

Rashi, the great Torah commentator, asks why Moshe says that he is commanding the people the laws of the Torah “this day,” since the Torah had actually been given thirty-eight years earlier. He explains that this expression indicates that we must always look at the teachings of the Bible as if they are new and exciting, as if they were given today, and not as outdated or relics of the past. New lessons of growth and inspiration relevant to our contemporary lives can always be found in the Torah, if we merely look for them.

7Impress them upon your children. Recite them when you stay at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you get up.

v'-shi-NAN-tam le-va-NE-kha v'-di-BAR-ta bam b'-shi-t'-KHA b'-vei-TE-kha u-v'-lekh-t'-KHA ba-de-REKH u-v'-sho-kh'-BE-kha u-v'-ku-ME-kha

זוְשִׁנַּנְתָּ֣ם לְבָנֶ֔יךָ וְדִבַּרְתָּ֖ בָּ֑ם בְּשִׁבְתְּךָ֤ בְּבֵיתֶ֙ךָ֙ וּבְלֶכְתְּךָ֣ בַדֶּ֔רֶךְ וּֽבְשׇׁכְבְּךָ֖ וּבְקוּמֶֽךָ׃

8Bind them as a sign on your hand and let them serve as a symbol on your forehead;

u-k'-shar-TAM l'-OT al-ya-DE-kha v'-ha-YU l'-to-ta-FOT bein e-NE-kha

חוּקְשַׁרְתָּ֥ם לְא֖וֹת עַל־יָדֶ֑ךָ וְהָי֥וּ לְטֹטָפֹ֖ת בֵּ֥ין עֵינֶֽיךָ׃

9inscribe them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

u-kh'-ta-TEM al m'-zu-ZOT b'-TE-kha u-vi-sh'-a-re-KHA.

טוּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם עַל־מְזֻז֥וֹת בֵּיתֶ֖ךָ וּבִשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃

10When Hashem your God brings you into the land that He swore to your fathers, Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, to assign to you—great and flourishing cities that you did not build,

v'-ha-YA ki y'-vi-a-KHA a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-kha el ha-A-retz a-SHER nish-BA la-a-vo-TE-kha l'-av-ra-HAM l'-yitz-KHAK u-l'-ya-a-KOV la-TET LAKH a-REEM g'-do-LOT v'-to-VOT a-SHER lo-va-NEE-ta

יוְהָיָ֞ה כִּ֥י יְבִיאֲךָ֣ ׀ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ אֶל־הָאָ֜רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֨ר נִשְׁבַּ֧ע לַאֲבֹתֶ֛יךָ לְאַבְרָהָ֛ם לְיִצְחָ֥ק וּֽלְיַעֲקֹ֖ב לָ֣תֶת לָ֑ךְ עָרִ֛ים גְּדֹלֹ֥ת וְטֹבֹ֖ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־בָנִֽיתָ׃

11houses full of all good things that you did not fill, hewn cisterns that you did not hew, vineyards and olive groves that you did not plant—and you eat your fill,

u-va-TIM me-l'-EEM kol-TOV a-SHER lo mi-l'-TA u-vo-ROT cha-tzu-VEEM a-SHER lo cha-TZA-v'-TA k'-ra-MEEM v'-zei-TEEM a-SHER lo na-ta-TA v'-a-khal-TA v'-sa-va-TA

יאוּבָ֨תִּ֜ים מְלֵאִ֣ים כׇּל־טוּב֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־מִלֵּ֒אתָ֒ וּבֹרֹ֤ת חֲצוּבִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־חָצַ֔בְתָּ כְּרָמִ֥ים וְזֵיתִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־נָטָ֑עְתָּ וְאָכַלְתָּ֖ וְשָׂבָֽעְתָּ׃

12take heed that you do not forget Hashem who freed you from the land of Egypt, the house of bondage.

hi-SHAM-er L'-KHA pen-tish-KAKH et a-do-NAI a-SHER ho-TZI-a-KHA me-E-retz mitz-RA-yim mi-BAYT a-va-DEEM

יבהִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֔ פֶּן־תִּשְׁכַּ֖ח אֶת־יְהֹוָ֑ה אֲשֶׁ֧ר הוֹצִֽיאֲךָ֛ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרַ֖יִם מִבֵּ֥ית עֲבָדִֽים׃

13Revere only Hashem your God and worship Him alone, and swear only by His name.

et-y'-ho-VA e-lo-HE-kha ti-RA v'-o-TO ta-a-VOD u-vi-sh'-MO ti-sha-VAY-a

יגאֶת־יְהֹוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ תִּירָ֖א וְאֹת֣וֹ תַעֲבֹ֑ד וּבִשְׁמ֖וֹ תִּשָּׁבֵֽעַ׃

14Do not follow other gods, any gods of the peoples about you

LO te-l'-KHU-n a-kha-RAY e-lo-HEEM a-KHE-rim, me-e-lo-HEI ha-a-MEEM a-SHER s'-vi-vo-TEI-khem

ידלֹ֣א תֵֽלְכ֔וּן אַחֲרֵ֖י אֱלֹהִ֣ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים מֵאֱלֹהֵי֙ הָֽעַמִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר סְבִיבוֹתֵיכֶֽם׃

15for Hashem your God in your midst is an impassioned God—lest the anger of Hashem your God blaze forth against you and He wipe you off the face of the earth.


טוכִּ֣י אֵ֥ל קַנָּ֛א יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ בְּקִרְבֶּ֑ךָ פֶּן־יֶ֠חֱרֶ֠ה אַף־יְהֹוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ בָּ֔ךְ וְהִשְׁמִ֣ידְךָ֔ מֵעַ֖ל פְּנֵ֥י הָאֲדָמָֽה׃

16Do not try Hashem your God, as you did at Massah.

LO t'-na-SU et a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY-khem ka-a-SHER ni-SEE-tem ba-ma-SA

טזלֹ֣א תְנַסּ֔וּ אֶת־יְהֹוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֑ם כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר נִסִּיתֶ֖ם בַּמַּסָּֽה׃

17Be sure to keep the commandments, decrees, and laws that Hashem your God has enjoined upon you.

sha-MOR tish-m'-RUN et-mitz-VOHT a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-khem v'-ay-do-TAV v'-khuk-KAV a-SHER tzi-VAKH

יזשָׁמ֣וֹר תִּשְׁמְר֔וּן אֶת־מִצְוֺ֖ת יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֑ם וְעֵדֹתָ֥יו וְחֻקָּ֖יו אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּֽךְ׃

18Do what is right and good in the sight of Hashem, that it may go well with you and that you may be able to possess the good land that Hashem your God promised on oath to your fathers,

v'-a-see-TA ha-YA-shar v'-ha-TOV b'-ay-NAY a-do-NAI, l'-ma-an yi-TAV LAKH u-va-TA v'-ya-RASH-ta et ha-A-rets ha-TO-va a-SHER nish-BA a-do-NAI la-a-vo-tay-KHA

יחוְעָשִׂ֛יתָ הַיָּשָׁ֥ר וְהַטּ֖וֹב בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֑ה לְמַ֙עַן֙ יִ֣יטַב לָ֔ךְ וּבָ֗אתָ וְיָֽרַשְׁתָּ֙ אֶת־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַטֹּבָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נִשְׁבַּ֥ע יְהֹוָ֖ה לַאֲבֹתֶֽיךָ׃

19and that all your enemies may be driven out before you, as Hashem has spoken.

la-ha-DOf et-KOL oy-VE-kha mi-pa-NE-kha ka-a-SHER di-BER a-do-NAI.

יטלַהֲדֹ֥ף אֶת־כׇּל־אֹיְבֶ֖יךָ מִפָּנֶ֑יךָ כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהֹוָֽה׃

20When, in time to come, your children ask you, “What mean the decrees, laws, and rules that Hashem our God has enjoined upon you?”

ki-yish-a-LE-kha vin-KHA ma-KHAR lay-MOR: ma ha-e-DOT v'-ha-khu-KIM v'-ha-mish-PA-TEEM a-SHER tzi-VA a-do-NAI e-lo-HE-nu et-KHEM

ככִּֽי־יִשְׁאָלְךָ֥ בִנְךָ֛ מָחָ֖ר לֵאמֹ֑ר מָ֣ה הָעֵדֹ֗ת וְהַֽחֻקִּים֙ וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֛ה יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ אֶתְכֶֽם׃

21you shall say to your children, “We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt and Hashem freed us from Egypt with a mighty hand.

v'-a-MAR-ta l'-vin-KHA a-va-DEEM ha-YI-nu l'-par-O b'-mitz-RA-yim, va-yo-tzee-AY-nu a-do-NAI mi-mitz-RA-yim b'-yad cha-ZA-kah

כאוְאָמַרְתָּ֣ לְבִנְךָ֔ עֲבָדִ֛ים הָיִ֥ינוּ לְפַרְעֹ֖ה בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וַיֹּצִיאֵ֧נוּ יְהֹוָ֛ה מִמִּצְרַ֖יִם בְּיָ֥ד חֲזָקָֽה׃

22Hashem wrought before our eyes marvelous and destructive signs and portents in Egypt, against Pharaoh and all his household;

vai-YI-ten a-do-NAI o-TOT u-mo-f'-TEEM g'-do-LEEM v'-ra-EEM b'-mitz-RA-yim b'-far-O u-v'-KOL b'-to l'-ay-NAY-nu

כבוַיִּתֵּ֣ן יְהֹוָ֡ה אוֹתֹ֣ת וּ֠מֹפְתִ֠ים גְּדֹלִ֨ים וְרָעִ֧ים ׀ בְּמִצְרַ֛יִם בְּפַרְעֹ֥ה וּבְכׇל־בֵּית֖וֹ לְעֵינֵֽינוּ׃

23and us He freed from there, that He might take us and give us the land that He had promised on oath to our fathers.

v'-o-TA-nu ho-TZEE mi-SHAM l'-MA-an ha-VEE o-TA-nu LA-tet LA-nu et ha-A-retz a-SHER nish-BA la-a-vo-TAY-nu

כגוְאוֹתָ֖נוּ הוֹצִ֣יא מִשָּׁ֑ם לְמַ֙עַן֙ הָבִ֣יא אֹתָ֔נוּ לָ֤תֶת לָ֙נוּ֙ אֶת־הָאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נִשְׁבַּ֖ע לַאֲבֹתֵֽינוּ׃

 6:23   And us He freed from there

Prime Minister David Ben Gurion (1886-1973)

Israel’s first Prime Minister, David Ben Gurion, summed up this verse in a speech he gave to the Peel Commission in 1936. “Three-hundred years ago, there came to the New World a boat, and its name was the Mayflower. The Mayflower’s landing on Plymouth Rock was one of the great historical events in the history of England and in the history of America. But I would like to ask any Englishman sitting here on the commission, what date did the Mayflower leave port? How many people were on the boat? Who were their leaders? What kind of food did they eat on the boat? More than three-thousand three-hundred years ago, long before the Mayflower, our people left Egypt, and every Jew in the world, wherever he is, knows what day they left. And he knows what food they ate. And we still eat that food with every anniversary. And we know who our leader was. And we sit down and tell the story to our children and grandchildren, in order to guarantee that it will never be forgotten. And we say our two slogans: ‘Now we may be enslaved, but next year, we’ll be a free people.’ … Now we are in the prison of the Soviet Union. Now, we’re in Germany where Hitler is destroying us. Now we’re scattered throughout the world, but next year, we’ll be in Jerusalem. There’ll come a day that we’ll come home to Zion, to the Land of Israel. That is the nature of the Jewish people.”

24Then Hashem commanded us to observe all these laws, to revere Hashem our God, for our lasting good and for our survival, as is now the case.

va-y'-tza-VE-nu a-do-NAI la-a-SOT et-KOL ha-khu-KIM ha-E-leh l'-yi-ra-AH et a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY-nu l'-TOV la-NU kol ha-ya-MEEM l'-kha-YO-tay-NU k'-ha-YOM ha-ZEH

כדוַיְצַוֵּ֣נוּ יְהֹוָ֗ה לַעֲשׂוֹת֙ אֶת־כׇּל־הַחֻקִּ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה לְיִרְאָ֖ה אֶת־יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֑ינוּ לְט֥וֹב לָ֙נוּ֙ כׇּל־הַיָּמִ֔ים לְחַיֹּתֵ֖נוּ כְּהַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה׃

25It will be therefore to our merit before Hashem our God to observe faithfully this whole Instruction, as He has commanded us.”

u-tz'-da-KAH tih-YE-l'-LA-nu, kee-nish-MOR la-a-SOT et-KOL ha-mitz-VAH ha-ZOT lif-NEY a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY-nu ka-a-SHER tzi-VAH-nu.

כהוּצְדָקָ֖ה תִּֽהְיֶה־לָּ֑נוּ כִּֽי־נִשְׁמֹ֨ר לַעֲשׂ֜וֹת אֶת־כׇּל־הַמִּצְוָ֣ה הַזֹּ֗את לִפְנֵ֛י יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּֽנוּ׃