Job 36
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1  Then Elihu spoke once more.

א  וַיֹּסֶף אֱלִיהוּא וַיֹּאמַר׃

2  Wait a little and let me hold forth; There is still more to say for Hashem.

ב  כַּתַּר־לִי זְעֵיר וַאֲחַוֶּךָּ כִּי עוֹד לֶאֱלוֹהַּ מִלִּים׃

3  I will make my opinions widely known; I will justify my Maker.

ג  אֶשָּׂא דֵעִי לְמֵרָחוֹק וּלְפֹעֲלִי אֶתֵּן־צֶדֶק׃

4  In truth, my words are not false; A man of sound opinions is before you.

ד  כִּי־אָמְנָם לֹא־שֶׁקֶר מִלָּי תְּמִים דֵּעוֹת עִמָּךְ׃

5  See, Hashem is mighty; He is not contemptuous; He is mighty in strength and mind.

ה  הֶן־אֵל כַּבִּיר וְלֹא יִמְאָס כַּבִּיר כֹּחַ לֵב׃

6  He does not let the wicked live; He grants justice to the lowly.

ו  לֹא־יְחַיֶּה רָשָׁע וּמִשְׁפַּט עֲנִיִּים יִתֵּן׃

7  He does not withdraw His eyes from the righteous; With kings on thrones He seats them forever, and they are exalted.

ז  לֹא־יִגְרַע מִצַּדִּיק עֵינָיו וְאֶת־מְלָכִים לַכִּסֵּא וַיֹּשִׁיבֵם לָנֶצַח וַיִּגְבָּהוּ׃

8  If they are bound in shackles And caught in trammels of affliction,

ח  וְאִם־אֲסוּרִים בַּזִּקִּים יִלָּכְדוּן בְּחַבְלֵי־עֹנִי׃

9  He declares to them what they have done, And that their transgressions are excessive;

ט  וַיַּגֵּד לָהֶם פָּעֳלָם וּפִשְׁעֵיהֶם כִּי יִתְגַּבָּרוּ׃

10  He opens their understanding by discipline, And orders them back from mischief.

י  וַיִּגֶל אָזְנָם לַמּוּסָר וַיֹּאמֶר כִּי־יְשֻׁבוּן מֵאָוֶן׃

11  If they will serve obediently, They shall spend their days in happiness, Their years in delight.

יא  אִם־יִשְׁמְעוּ וְיַעֲבֹדוּ יְכַלּוּ יְמֵיהֶם בַּטּוֹב וּשְׁנֵיהֶם בַּנְּעִימִים׃

12  But if they are not obedient, They shall perish by the sword, Die for lack of understanding.

יב  וְאִם־לֹא יִשְׁמְעוּ בְּשֶׁלַח יַעֲבֹרוּ וְיִגְוְעוּ כִּבְלִי־דָעַת׃

13  But the impious in heart become enraged; They do not cry for help when He afflicts them.

יג  וְחַנְפֵי־לֵב יָשִׂימוּ אָף לֹא יְשַׁוְּעוּ כִּי אֲסָרָם׃

14  They die in their youth; [Expire] among the depraved.

יד  תָּמֹת בַּנֹּעַר נַפְשָׁם וְחַיָּתָם בַּקְּדֵשִׁים׃

15  He rescues the lowly from their affliction, And opens their understanding through distress.

טו  יְחַלֵּץ עָנִי בְעָנְיוֹ וְיִגֶל בַּלַּחַץ אָזְנָם׃

16  Indeed, He draws you away from the brink of distress To a broad place where there is no constraint; Your table is laid out with rich food.

טז  וְאַף הֲסִיתְךָ מִפִּי־צָר רַחַב לֹא־מוּצָק תַּחְתֶּיהָ וְנַחַת שֻׁלְחָנְךָ מָלֵא דָשֶׁן׃

17  You are obsessed with the case of the wicked man, But the justice of the case will be upheld.

יז  וְדִין־רָשָׁע מָלֵאתָ דִּין וּמִשְׁפָּט יִתְמֹכוּ׃

18  Let anger at his affluence not mislead you; Let much bribery not turn you aside.

יח  כִּי־חֵמָה פֶּן־יְסִיתְךָ בְסָפֶק וְרָב־כֹּפֶר אַל־יַטֶּךָּ׃

19  Will your limitless wealth avail you, All your powerful efforts?

יט  הֲיַעֲרֹךְ שׁוּעֲךָ לֹא בְצָר וְכֹל מַאֲמַצֵּי־כֹחַ׃

20  Do not long for the night When peoples vanish where they are.

כ  אַל־תִּשְׁאַף הַלָּיְלָה לַעֲלוֹת עַמִּים תַּחְתָּם׃

21  Beware! Do not turn to mischief; Because of that you have been tried by affliction.

כא  הִשָּׁמֶר אַל־תֵּפֶן אֶל־אָוֶן כִּי־עַל־זֶה בָּחַרְתָּ מֵעֹנִי׃

22  See, Hashem is beyond reach in His power; Who governs like Him?

כב  הֶן־אֵל יַשְׂגִּיב בְּכֹחוֹ מִי כָמֹהוּ מוֹרֶה׃

23  Who ever reproached Him for His conduct? Who ever said, “You have done wrong”?

כג  מִי־פָקַד עָלָיו דַּרְכּוֹ וּמִי־אָמַר פָּעַלְתָּ עַוְלָה׃

24  Remember, then, to magnify His work, Of which men have sung,

כד  זְכֹר כִּי־תַשְׂגִּיא פָעֳלוֹ אֲשֶׁר שֹׁרְרוּ אֲנָשִׁים׃

25  Which all men have beheld, Men have seen, from a distance.

כה  כָּל־אָדָם חָזוּ־בוֹ אֱנוֹשׁ יַבִּיט מֵרָחוֹק׃

26  See, Hashem is greater than we can know; The number of His years cannot be counted.

כו  הֶן־אֵל שַׂגִּיא וְלֹא נֵדָע מִסְפַּר שָׁנָיו וְלֹא־חֵקֶר׃

27  He forms the droplets of water, Which cluster into rain, from His mist.

כז  כִּי יְגָרַע נִטְפֵי־מָיִם יָזֹקּוּ מָטָר לְאֵדוֹ׃

28  The skies rain; They pour down on all mankind.

כח  אֲשֶׁר־יִזְּלוּ שְׁחָקִים יִרְעֲפוּ עֲלֵי אָדָם רָב׃

29  Can one, indeed, contemplate the expanse of clouds, The thunderings from His pavilion?

כט  אַף אִם־יָבִין מִפְרְשֵׂי־עָב תְּשֻׁאוֹת סֻכָּתוֹ׃

30  See, He spreads His lightning over it; It fills the bed of the sea.

ל  הֵן־פָּרַשׂ עָלָיו אוֹרוֹ וְשָׁרְשֵׁי הַיָּם כִּסָּה׃

31  By these things He controls peoples; He gives food in abundance.

kee VAM ya-DEEN a-MEEM yi-TEN O-khel l’-makh-BEER

לא  כִּי־בָם יָדִין עַמִּים יִתֶּן־אֹכֶל לְמַכְבִּיר׃

 36:31   He gives food in abundance

Hashem uses His control over nature to punish people and to reward them. If He judges mankind favorably, then He will provide “food in abundance.” This is especially true in the Land of Israel, as expressed in Sefer Devarim (11:13-17). God says that if the Children of Israel perform good deeds and follow His com­mands, He will reward them with rain at the proper times, which will produce bountiful crops. Conversely, drought and famine are the punishments for national sin. It is important to recognize that while rain and drought are seemingly natural phenomena, they are actually Hashem’s vehicle for reward and punishment, and for communicating with His children.Comment

32  Lightning fills His hands; He orders it to hit the mark.

לב  עַל־כַּפַּיִם כִּסָּה־אוֹר וַיְצַו עָלֶיהָ בְמַפְגִּיעַ׃

33  Its noise tells of Him. The kindling of anger against iniquity.

לג  יַגִּיד עָלָיו רֵעוֹ מִקְנֶה אַף עַל־עוֹלֶה׃

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Job 36

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