40 May nettles grow there instead of wheat; Instead of barley, stinkweed! The words of Iyov are at an end.
TA-khat khi-TAH yay-TZAY KHO-akh v’-TA-khat s’-o-RAH vo-SHAH TA-mu div-RAY i-YOV
מ תַּחַת חִטָּה יֵצֵא חוֹחַ וְתַחַת־שְׂעֹרָה בָאְשָׁה תַּמּוּ דִּבְרֵי אִיּוֹב׃
31:40 The words of Iyov are at an end
These words depict Iyov’s exhaustion. After his long peroration lamenting his many misfortunes and speculating as to their possible causes, Iyov suddenly gives up. He no longer has the strength to fight or the energy to protest. Iyov spends a lot of time and emotional energy trying to make sense of his suffering. Due to his intense suffering, it was difficult for Iyov to recognize, as King Shlomo did, the truth that “For whom Hashem loves, He rebukes” (Proverbs 3:12). Often, suffering is brought upon a person as a mark of God’s love, while He abandons those for whom He has no regard to the whims of chance. King David also realizes that sometimes suffering is really a gift, when he says “Happy is the man whom You discipline, Hashem,” (Psalms 94:12). This idea is reflected in a well-known statement by Rabbi Simeon Bar Yochai (Berachot 5a): “Three gifts were given by God through suffering; Torah, the Land of Israel, and the world to come.” The righteous are able to perceive that suffering paves the way to bearing the greatest gifts of God to His people.