Job 30
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

א  וְעַתָּה שָׂחֲקוּ עָלַי צְעִירִים מִמֶּנִּי לְיָמִים אֲשֶׁר מָאַסְתִּי אֲבוֹתָם לָשִׁית עִם כַּלְבֵי צֹאנִי.

2  Yea, the strength of their hands, whereto should it profit me? men in whom ripe age is perished.

ב  גַּם כֹּחַ יְדֵיהֶם לָמָּה לִּי עָלֵימוֹ אָבַד כָּלַח.

3  They are gaunt with want and famine; they gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of wasteness and desolation.

ג  בְּחֶסֶר וּבְכָפָן גַּלְמוּד הַעֹרְקִים צִיָּה אֶמֶשׁ שׁוֹאָה וּמְשֹׁאָה.

4  They pluck salt-wort with wormwood; and the roots of the broom are their food.

ד  הַקֹּטְפִים מַלּוּחַ עֲלֵי שִׂיחַ וְשֹׁרֶשׁ רְתָמִים לַחְמָם.

5  They are driven forth from the midst of men; they cry after them as after a thief.

ה  מִן גֵּו יְגֹרָשׁוּ יָרִיעוּ עָלֵימוֹ כַּגַּנָּב.

6  In the clefts of the valleys must they dwell, in holes of the earth and of the rocks.

ו  בַּעֲרוּץ נְחָלִים לִשְׁכֹּן חֹרֵי עָפָר וְכֵפִים.

7  Among the bushes they bray; under the nettles they are gathered together.

ז  בֵּין שִׂיחִים יִנְהָקוּ תַּחַת חָרוּל יְסֻפָּחוּ.

8  They are children of churls, yea, children of ignoble men; they were scourged out of the land.

ח  בְּנֵי נָבָל גַּם בְּנֵי בְלִי שֵׁם נִכְּאוּ מִן הָאָרֶץ.

9  And now I am become their song, yea, I am a byword unto them.

ט  וְעַתָּה נְגִינָתָם הָיִיתִי וָאֱהִי לָהֶם לְמִלָּה.

10  They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.

י  תִּעֲבוּנִי רָחֲקוּ מֶנִּי וּמִפָּנַי לֹא חָשְׂכוּ רֹק.

11  For He hath loosed my cord, and afflicted me, and they have cast off the bridle before me.

יא  כִּי יתרו (יִתְרִי) פִתַּח וַיְעַנֵּנִי וְרֶסֶן מִפָּנַי שִׁלֵּחוּ.

12  Upon my right hand rise the brood; they entangle my feet, and they cast up against me their ways of destruction.

יב  עַל יָמִין פִּרְחַח יָקוּמוּ רַגְלַי שִׁלֵּחוּ וַיָּסֹלּוּ עָלַי אָרְחוֹת אֵידָם.

13  They break up my path, they further my calamity, even men that have no helper.

יג  נָתְסוּ נְתִיבָתִי לְהַוָּתִי יֹעִילוּ לֹא עֹזֵר לָמוֹ.

14  As through a wide breach they come; in the midst of the ruin they roll themselves upon me.

יד  כְּפֶרֶץ רָחָב יֶאֱתָיוּ תַּחַת שֹׁאָה הִתְגַּלְגָּלוּ.

15  Terrors are turned upon me, they chase mine honour as the wind; and my welfare is passed away as a cloud.

טו  הָהְפַּךְ עָלַי בַּלָּהוֹת תִּרְדֹּף כָּרוּחַ נְדִבָתִי וּכְעָב עָבְרָה יְשֻׁעָתִי.

16  And now my soul is poured out within me; days of affliction have taken hold upon me.

טז  וְעַתָּה עָלַי תִּשְׁתַּפֵּךְ נַפְשִׁי יֹאחֲזוּנִי יְמֵי עֹנִי.

17  In the night my bones are pierced, and fall from me, and my sinews take no rest.

יז  לַיְלָה עֲצָמַי נִקַּר מֵעָלָי וְעֹרְקַי לֹא יִשְׁכָּבוּן.

18  By the great force [of my disease] is my garment disfigured; it bindeth me about as the collar of my coat.

יח  בְּרָב כֹּחַ יִתְחַפֵּשׂ לְבוּשִׁי כְּפִי כֻתָּנְתִּי יַאַזְרֵנִי.

19  He hath cast me into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.

ho-RA-nee la-KHO-mer va-et-ma-SHAYL ke-a-FAR va-AY-fer

יט  הֹרָנִי לַחֹמֶר וָאֶתְמַשֵּׁל כֶּעָפָר וָאֵפֶר.

30:19   I have become like dust and ashes

Job expresses his modesty with the same words as Abraham who beseeches the Lord to save the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, “I am but dust and ashes” (Genesis 18:27). Because of Abraham’s genuine sense of modesty he is granted the Land of Israel as an eternal inheritance for his descendants. When they follow in the path of their father Abraham and carry themselves with humility, the Children of Israel merit living peacefully in the land. When they are filled with pride, however, they stray from the Lord, follow after other gods and are punished with exile from the Land. Isaiah describes how during the time of the ultimate redemption, arrogance and pride will be eradicated from among the Children of Israel: “the lofty looks of man shall be brought low, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down. Only then will the redemption be complete and “the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day” (Isaiah 2:11).

Comment

20  I cry unto Thee, and Thou dost not answer me; I stand up, and Thou lookest at me.

כ  אֲשַׁוַּע אֵלֶיךָ וְלֹא תַעֲנֵנִי עָמַדְתִּי וַתִּתְבֹּנֶן בִּי.

21  Thou art turned to be cruel to me; with the might of Thy hand Thou hatest me.

כא  תֵּהָפֵךְ לְאַכְזָר לִי בְּעֹצֶם יָדְךָ תִשְׂטְמֵנִי.

22  Thou liftest me up to the wind, Thou causest me to ride upon it; and Thou dissolvest my substance.

כב  תִּשָּׂאֵנִי אֶל רוּחַ תַּרְכִּיבֵנִי וּתְמֹגְגֵנִי תשוה (תֻּשִׁיָּה).

23  For I know that Thou wilt bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

כג  כִּי יָדַעְתִּי מָוֶת תְּשִׁיבֵנִי וּבֵית מוֹעֵד לְכָל חָי.

24  Surely none shall put forth his hand to a ruinous heap, neither because of these things shall help come in one’s calamity,

כד  אַךְ לֹא בְעִי יִשְׁלַח יָד אִם בְּפִידוֹ לָהֶן שׁוּעַ.

25  If I have not wept for him that was in trouble, and if my soul grieved not for the needy.

כה  אִם לֹא בָכִיתִי לִקְשֵׁה יוֹם עָגְמָה נַפְשִׁי לָאֶבְיוֹן.

26  Yet, when I looked for good, there came evil; and when I waited for light, there came darkness.

כו  כִּי טוֹב קִוִּיתִי וַיָּבֹא רָע וַאֲיַחֲלָה לְאוֹר וַיָּבֹא אֹפֶל.

27  Mine inwards boil, and rest not; days of affliction are come upon me.

כז  מֵעַי רֻתְּחוּ וְלֹא דָמּוּ קִדְּמֻנִי יְמֵי עֹנִי.

28  I go mourning without the sun; I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

כח  קֹדֵר הִלַּכְתִּי בְּלֹא חַמָּה קַמְתִּי בַקָּהָל אֲשַׁוֵּעַ.

29  I am become a brother to jackals, and a companion to ostriches.

כט  אָח הָיִיתִי לְתַנִּים וְרֵעַ לִבְנוֹת יַעֲנָה.

30  My skin is black, and falleth from me, and my bones are burned with heat.

ל  עוֹרִי שָׁחַר מֵעָלָי וְעַצְמִי חָרָה מִנִּי חֹרֶב.

31  Therefore is my harp turned to mourning, and my pipe into the voice of them that weep.

לא  וַיְהִי לְאֵבֶל כִּנֹּרִי וְעֻגָבִי לְקוֹל בֹּכִים.

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Job 30