Leviticus 4
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1  Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:

א  וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃

2  Speak to B’nei Yisrael thus: When a person unwittingly incurs guilt in regard to any of Hashem‘s commandments about things not to be done, and does one of them—

ב  דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר נֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תֶחֱטָא בִשְׁגָגָה מִכֹּל מִצְוׂת יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא תֵעָשֶׂינָה וְעָשָׂה מֵאַחַת מֵהֵנָּה׃

3  If it is the anointed Kohen who has incurred guilt, so that blame falls upon the people, he shall offer for the sin of which he is guilty a bull of the herd without blemish as a sin offering to Hashem.

ג  אִם הַכֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ יֶחֱטָא לְאַשְׁמַת הָעָם וְהִקְרִיב עַל חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא פַּר בֶּן־בָּקָר תָּמִים לַיהֹוָה לְחַטָּאת׃

4  He shall bring the bull to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, before Hashem, and lay his hand upon the head of the bull. The bull shall be slaughtered before Hashem,

ד  וְהֵבִיא אֶת־הַפָּר אֶל־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וְסָמַךְ אֶת־יָדוֹ עַל־רֹאשׁ הַפָּר וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַפָּר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה׃

5  and the anointed Kohen shall take some of the bull’s blood and bring it into the Tent of Meeting.

ה  וְלָקַח הַכֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ מִדַּם הַפָּר וְהֵבִיא אֹתוֹ אֶל־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

6  The Kohen shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before Hashem, in front of the curtain of the Shrine.

ו  וְטָבַל הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־אֶצְבָּעוֹ בַּדָּם וְהִזָּה מִן־הַדָּם שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֶת־פְּנֵי פָּרֹכֶת הַקֹּדֶשׁ׃

7  The Kohen shall put some of the blood on the horns of the mizbayach of aromatic incense, which is in the Tent of Meeting, before Hashem; and all the rest of the bull’s blood he shall pour out at the base of the mizbayach of burnt offering, which is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.

ז  וְנָתַן הַכֹּהֵן מִן־הַדָּם עַל־קַרְנוֹת מִזְבַּח קְטֹרֶת הַסַּמִּים לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וְאֵת כָּל־דַּם הַפָּר יִשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל־יְסוֹד מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה אֲשֶׁר־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

8  He shall remove all the fat from the bull of sin offering: the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is about the entrails;

ח  וְאֶת־כָּל־חֵלֶב פַּר הַחַטָּאת יָרִים מִמֶּנּוּ אֶת־הַחֵלֶב הַמְכַסֶּה עַל־הַקֶּרֶב וְאֵת כָּל־הַחֵלֶב אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַקֶּרֶב׃

9  the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, that is at the loins; and the protuberance on the liver, which he shall remove with the kidneys

ט  וְאֵת שְׁתֵּי הַכְּלָיֹת וְאֶת־הַחֵלֶב אֲשֶׁר עֲלֵיהֶן אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַכְּסָלִים וְאֶת־הַיֹּתֶרֶת עַל־הַכָּבֵד עַל־הַכְּלָיוֹת יְסִירֶנָּה׃

10  just as it is removed from the ox of the sacrifice of well-being. The Kohen shall turn them into smoke on the mizbayach of burnt offering.

י  כַּאֲשֶׁר יוּרַם מִשּׁוֹר זֶבַח הַשְּׁלָמִים וְהִקְטִירָם הַכֹּהֵן עַל מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה׃

11  But the hide of the bull, and all its flesh, as well as its head and legs, its entrails and its dung

יא  וְאֶת־עוֹר הַפָּר וְאֶת־כָּל־בְּשָׂרוֹ עַל־רֹאשׁוֹ וְעַל־כְּרָעָיו וְקִרְבּוֹ וּפִרְשׁוֹ׃

12  all the rest of the bull—he shall carry to a clean place outside the camp, to the ash heap, and burn it up in a wood fire; it shall be burned on the ash heap.

יב  וְהוֹצִיא אֶת־כָּל־הַפָּר אֶל־מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה אֶל־מָקוֹם טָהוֹר אֶל־שֶׁפֶךְ הַדֶּשֶׁן וְשָׂרַף אֹתוֹ עַל־עֵצִים בָּאֵשׁ עַל־שֶׁפֶךְ הַדֶּשֶׁן יִשָּׂרֵף׃

13  If it is the whole community of Yisrael that has erred and the matter escapes the notice of the congregation, so that they do any of the things which by Hashem‘s commandments ought not to be done, and they realize their guilt

v’-IM kol a-DAT yis-ra-AYL yish-GU v’-ne-e-LAM da-VAR may-ay-NAY ha-ka-HAL v’-a-SU a-KHAT mi-kol mitz-VOT a-do-NAI a-SHER lo tay-a-SE-na v’-a-SHAY-mu

יג  וְאִם כָּל־עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל יִשְׁגּוּ וְנֶעְלַם דָּבָר מֵעֵינֵי הַקָּהָל וְעָשׂוּ אַחַת מִכָּל־מִצְוׂת יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תֵעָשֶׂינָה וְאָשֵׁמוּ׃

 4:13   If it is the whole community of Yisrael that has erred

As opposed to the previous three chapters which discuss the voluntary offerings meant for spiritual elevation, chapter four discusses sin-offerings, required to atone for unintentional transgressions, and lists different scenarios in which a person might need to bring such an offering. The Kli Yakar points out that when introducing the offering brought to atone for a sin committed by the entire congregation, meaning the nation as a whole, the verse uses the Hebrew word im (אם), ‘if,’ implying that such a situation is somewhat unlikely to occur. However, when referring to the offering brought by an individual, the Bibe (verse 1) uses the word kee (כי), which can be translated as ‘when,’ suggesting that an individual person is much more likely to make a mistake. This underscores the fact that the Children of Israel are significantly strengthened when they join together as a people.2 comments

14  when the sin through which they incurred guilt becomes known, the congregation shall offer a bull of the herd as a sin offering, and bring it before the Tent of Meeting.

יד  וְנוֹדְעָה הַחַטָּאת אֲשֶׁר חָטְאוּ עָלֶיהָ וְהִקְרִיבוּ הַקָּהָל פַּר בֶּן־בָּקָר לְחַטָּאת וְהֵבִיאוּ אֹתוֹ לִפְנֵי אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

15  The elders of the community shall lay their hands upon the head of the bull before Hashem, and the bull shall be slaughtered before Hashem.

טו  וְסָמְכוּ זִקְנֵי הָעֵדָה אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ הַפָּר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַפָּר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה׃

16  The anointed Kohen shall bring some of the blood of the bull into the Tent of Meeting,

טז  וְהֵבִיא הַכֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ מִדַּם הַפָּר אֶל־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

17  and the Kohen shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle of it seven times before Hashem, in front of the curtain.

יז  וְטָבַל הַכֹּהֵן אֶצְבָּעוֹ מִן־הַדָּם וְהִזָּה שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֵת פְּנֵי הַפָּרֹכֶת׃

18  Some of the blood he shall put on the horns of the mizbayach which is before Hashem in the Tent of Meeting, and all the rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the mizbayach of burnt offering, which is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.

יח  וּמִן־הַדָּם יִתֵּן עַל־קַרְנֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וְאֵת כָּל־הַדָּם יִשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל־יְסוֹד מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה אֲשֶׁר־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

19  He shall remove all its fat from it and turn it into smoke on the mizbayach.

יט  וְאֵת כָּל־חֶלְבּוֹ יָרִים מִמֶּנּוּ וְהִקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה׃

20  He shall do with this bull just as is done with the [Kohen‘s] bull of sin offering; he shall do the same with it. Thus the Kohen shall make expiation for them, and they shall be forgiven.

כ  וְעָשָׂה לַפָּר כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לְפַר הַחַטָּאת כֵּן יַעֲשֶׂה־לּוֹ וְכִפֶּר עֲלֵהֶם הַכֹּהֵן וְנִסְלַח לָהֶם׃

21  He shall carry the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first bull; it is the sin offering of the congregation.

כא  וְהוֹצִיא אֶת־הַפָּר אֶל־מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה וְשָׂרַף אֹתוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר שָׂרַף אֵת הַפָּר הָרִאשׁוֹן חַטַּאת הַקָּהָל הוּא׃

22  In case it is a chieftain who incurs guilt by doing unwittingly any of the things which by the commandment of Hashem his God ought not to be done, and he realizes his guilt

כב  אֲשֶׁר נָשִׂיא יֶחֱטָא וְעָשָׂה אַחַת מִכָּל־מִצְוׂת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָיו אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תֵעָשֶׂינָה בִּשְׁגָגָה וְאָשֵׁם׃

23  or the sin of which he is guilty is brought to his knowledge—he shall bring as his offering a male goat without blemish.

כג  אוֹ־הוֹדַע אֵלָיו חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא בָּהּ וְהֵבִיא אֶת־קָרְבָּנוֹ שְׂעִיר עִזִּים זָכָר תָּמִים׃

24  He shall lay his hand upon the goat’s head, and it shall be slaughtered at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered before Hashem; it is a sin offering.

כד  וְסָמַךְ יָדוֹ עַל־רֹאשׁ הַשָּׂעִיר וְשָׁחַט אֹתוֹ בִּמְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִשְׁחַט אֶת־הָעֹלָה לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה חַטָּאת הוּא׃

25  The Kohen shall take with his finger some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the horns of the mizbayach of burnt offering; and the rest of its blood he shall pour out at the base of the mizbayach of burnt offering.

כה  וְלָקַח הַכֹּהֵן מִדַּם הַחַטָּאת בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ וְנָתַן עַל־קַרְנֹת מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה וְאֶת־דָּמוֹ יִשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל־יְסוֹד מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה׃

26  All its fat he shall turn into smoke on the mizbayach, like the fat of the sacrifice of well-being. Thus the Kohen shall make expiation on his behalf for his sin, and he shall be forgiven.

כו  וְאֶת־כָּל־חֶלְבּוֹ יַקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה כְּחֵלֶב זֶבַח הַשְּׁלָמִים וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ וְנִסְלַח לוֹ׃

27  If any person from among the populace unwittingly incurs guilt by doing any of the things which by Hashem‘s commandments ought not to be done, and he realizes his guilt

כז  וְאִם־נֶפֶשׁ אַחַת תֶּחֱטָא בִשְׁגָגָה מֵעַם הָאָרֶץ בַּעֲשֹׂתָהּ אַחַת מִמִּצְוׂת יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תֵעָשֶׂינָה וְאָשֵׁם׃

28  or the sin of which he is guilty is brought to his knowledge—he shall bring a female goat without blemish as his offering for the sin of which he is guilty.

כח  אוֹ הוֹדַע אֵלָיו חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא וְהֵבִיא קָרְבָּנוֹ שְׂעִירַת עִזִּים תְּמִימָה נְקֵבָה עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא׃

29  He shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and the sin offering shall be slaughtered at the place of the burnt offering.

כט  וְסָמַךְ אֶת־יָדוֹ עַל רֹאשׁ הַחַטָּאת וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַחַטָּאת בִּמְקוֹם הָעֹלָה׃

30  The Kohen shall take with his finger some of its blood and put it on the horns of the mizbayach of burnt offering; and all the rest of its blood he shall pour out at the base of the mizbayach.

ל  וְלָקַח הַכֹּהֵן מִדָּמָהּ בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ וְנָתַן עַל־קַרְנֹת מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה וְאֶת־כָּל־דָּמָהּ יִשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל־יְסוֹד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃

31  He shall remove all its fat, just as the fat is removed from the sacrifice of well-being; and the Kohen shall turn it into smoke on the mizbayach, for a pleasing odor to Hashem. Thus the Kohen shall make expiation for him, and he shall be forgiven.

לא  וְאֶת־כָּל־חֶלְבָּהּ יָסִיר כַּאֲשֶׁר הוּסַר חֵלֶב מֵעַל זֶבַח הַשְּׁלָמִים וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן הַמִּזְבֵּחָה לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהֹוָה וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן וְנִסְלַח לוֹ׃

32  If the offering he brings as a sin offering is a sheep, he shall bring a female without blemish.

לב  וְאִם־כֶּבֶשׂ יָבִיא קָרְבָּנוֹ לְחַטָּאת נְקֵבָה תְמִימָה יְבִיאֶנָּה׃

33  He shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and it shall be slaughtered as a sin offering at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered.

לג  וְסָמַךְ אֶת־יָדוֹ עַל רֹאשׁ הַחַטָּאת וְשָׁחַט אֹתָהּ לְחַטָּאת בִּמְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁחַט אֶת־הָעֹלָה׃

34  The Kohen shall take with his finger some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the horns of the mizbayach of burnt offering, and all the rest of its blood he shall pour out at the base of the mizbayach.

לד  וְלָקַח הַכֹּהֵן מִדַּם הַחַטָּאת בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ וְנָתַן עַל־קַרְנֹת מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה וְאֶת־כָּל־דָּמָהּ יִשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל־יְסוֹד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃

35  And all its fat he shall remove just as the fat of the sheep of the sacrifice of well-being is removed; and this the Kohen shall turn into smoke on the mizbayach, over Hashem‘s offering by fire. Thus the Kohen shall make expiation on his behalf for the sin of which he is guilty, and he shall be forgiven.

לה  וְאֶת־כָּל־חֶלְבָּה יָסִיר כַּאֲשֶׁר יוּסַר חֵלֶב־הַכֶּשֶׂב מִזֶּבַח הַשְּׁלָמִים וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן אֹתָם הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עַל אִשֵּׁי יְהֹוָה וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא וְנִסְלַח לוֹ׃

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Comment ( 1 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bibleā„¢.

  • As I read this chapter, I’m forced to wonder if I had to participate in making such a sacrifice if I would be more mindful about avoiding sin knowing that there is a very REAL consequence to sinning. Perhaps having the Temple sacrifices as an ongoing thing, the people would be more concerned about living lives of holiness.
    Unfortunately, history doesn’t support the idea that this worked as the Children of Israel quickly fell into sin and idolatry at every given opportunity. The Divine Presence also didn’t seem to keep the people from falling into sin. I can only pray as King David did in the Psalms that Elohim will change my heart and give me a clean heart that turns away from sin.

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