Chapter 8

1Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:

אוַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃

2Take Aharon along with his sons, and the vestments, the anointing oil, the bull of sin offering, the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread;

בקַח אֶת־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת־בָּנָיו אִתּוֹ וְאֵת הַבְּגָדִים וְאֵת שֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וְאֵת פַּר הַחַטָּאת וְאֵת שְׁנֵי הָאֵילִים וְאֵת סַל הַמַּצּוֹת׃

3and assemble the whole community at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.

v'-AYT kol ha-ay-DAH hak-HAYL el PE-takh O-hel mo-AYD

גוְאֵת כָּל־הָעֵדָה הַקְהֵל אֶל־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

 8:3 And assemble the whole community at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting

The entrance of the Tent of Meeting housed the Mishkan, the altar and the laver, and was not large enough to accommodate six hundred thousand people. Rashi comments that this is one of the miraculous instances where a small area contained many people. This miracle repeated itself daily in the Beit Hamikdash, and is one of the incredible features of Eretz Yisrael in general (see Ezekiel 20:6 and Daniel 11:41). The Sages (Ethics of the Fathers 5:7) recount that in the Beit Hamikdash, “the people stood pressed together, yet they found ample space to prostrate themselves… and no one ever said to his fellow, ‘There is not enough room for me to spend the night in Jerusalem.’” One of the unique metaphysical properties of Israel in general, and Yerushalayim and the Temple Mount specifically, is that they expand to hold all their inhabitants and visitors.

4Moshe did as Hashem commanded him. And when the community was assembled at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting,

דוַיַּעַשׂ מֹשֶׁה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֹתוֹ וַתִּקָּהֵל הָעֵדָה אֶל־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃

5Moshe said to the community, “This is what Hashem has commanded to be done.”

הוַיֹּאמֶר מֹשֶׁה אֶל־הָעֵדָה זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה יְהֹוָה לַעֲשׂוֹת׃

6Then Moshe brought Aharon and his sons forward and washed them with water.

ווַיַּקְרֵב מֹשֶׁה אֶת־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת־בָּנָיו וַיִּרְחַץ אֹתָם בַּמָּיִם׃

7He put the tunic on him, girded him with the sash, clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him, girding him with the decorated band with which he tied it to him.

זוַיִּתֵּן עָלָיו אֶת־הַכֻּתֹּנֶת וַיַּחְגֹּר אֹתוֹ בָּאַבְנֵט וַיַּלְבֵּשׁ אֹתוֹ אֶת־הַמְּעִיל וַיִּתֵּן עָלָיו אֶת־הָאֵפֹד וַיַּחְגֹּר אֹתוֹ בְּחֵשֶׁב הָאֵפֹד וַיֶּאְפֹּד לוֹ בּוֹ׃

8He put the breastpiece on him, and put into the breastpiece the Urim and Thummim.

חוַיָּשֶׂם עָלָיו אֶת־הַחֹשֶׁן וַיִּתֵּן אֶל־הַחֹשֶׁן אֶת־הָאוּרִים וְאֶת־הַתֻּמִּים׃

9And he set the headdress on his head; and on the headdress, in front, he put the gold frontlet, the holy diadem—as Hashem had commanded Moshe.

טוַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־הַמִּצְנֶפֶת עַל־רֹאשׁוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם עַל־הַמִּצְנֶפֶת אֶל־מוּל פָּנָיו אֵת צִיץ הַזָּהָב נֵזֶר הַקֹּדֶשׁ כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה׃

10Moshe took the anointing oil and anointed the Mishkan and all that was in it, thus consecrating them.

va-yi-KAKH mo-SHEH et SHE-men ha-mish-KHAH va-yim-SHAKH et ha-mish-KAN v'-et kol a-sher BO vai-ka-DAYSH o-TAM

יוַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה אֶת־שֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וַיִּמְשַׁח אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְאֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ וַיְקַדֵּשׁ אֹתָם׃

11He sprinkled some of it on the mizbayach seven times, anointing the mizbayach, all its utensils, and the laver with its stand, to consecrate them.

יאוַיַּז מִמֶּנּוּ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים וַיִּמְשַׁח אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְאֶת־כָּל־כֵּלָיו וְאֶת־הַכִּיֹּר וְאֶת־כַּנּוֹ לְקַדְּשָׁם׃

12He poured some of the anointing oil upon Aharon's head and anointed him, to consecrate him.

va-yi-TZOK mi-SHE-men ha-mish-KHAH AL ROSH a-ha-RON va-yim-SHAKH o-TO l'-ka-d'-SHO

יבוַיִּצֹק מִשֶּׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה עַל רֹאשׁ אַהֲרֹן וַיִּמְשַׁח אֹתוֹ לְקַדְּשׁוֹ׃

13Moshe then brought Aharon's sons forward, clothed them in tunics, girded them with sashes, and wound turbans upon them, as Hashem had commanded Moshe.

יגוַיַּקְרֵב מֹשֶׁה אֶת־בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וַיַּלְבִּשֵׁם כֻּתֳּנֹת וַיַּחְגֹּר אֹתָם אַבְנֵט וַיַּחֲבֹשׁ לָהֶם מִגְבָּעוֹת כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה׃

14He led forward the bull of sin offering. Aharon and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the bull of sin offering,

ידוַיַּגֵּשׁ אֵת פַּר הַחַטָּאת וַיִּסְמֹךְ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ פַּר הַחַטָּאת׃

15and it was slaughtered. Moshe took the blood and with his finger put some on each of the horns of the mizbayach, cleansing the mizbayach; then he poured out the blood at the base of the mizbayach. Thus he consecrated it in order to make expiation upon it.

טווַיִּשְׁחָט וַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַדָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל־קַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ סָבִיב בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ וַיְחַטֵּא אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְאֶת־הַדָּם יָצַק אֶל־יְסוֹד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיְקַדְּשֵׁהוּ לְכַפֵּר עָלָיו׃

16Moshe then took all the fat that was about the entrails, and the protuberance of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, and turned them into smoke on the mizbayach.

טזוַיִּקַּח אֶת־כָּל־הַחֵלֶב אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַקֶּרֶב וְאֵת יֹתֶרֶת הַכָּבֵד וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּי הַכְּלָיֹת וְאֶת־חֶלְבְּהֶן וַיַּקְטֵר מֹשֶׁה הַמִּזְבֵּחָה׃

17The rest of the bull, its hide, its flesh, and its dung, he put to the fire outside the camp—as Hashem had commanded Moshe.

יזוְאֶת־הַפָּר וְאֶת־עֹרוֹ וְאֶת־בְּשָׂרוֹ וְאֶת־פִּרְשׁוֹ שָׂרַף בָּאֵשׁ מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה׃

18Then he brought forward the ram of burnt offering. Aharon and his sons laid their hands upon the ram's head,

יחוַיַּקְרֵב אֵת אֵיל הָעֹלָה וַיִּסְמְכוּ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ הָאָיִל׃

19and it was slaughtered. Moshe dashed the blood against all sides of the mizbayach.

יטוַיִּשְׁחָט וַיִּזְרֹק מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַדָּם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ סָבִיב׃

20The ram was cut up into sections and Moshe turned the head, the sections, and the suet into smoke on the mizbayach;

כוְאֶת־הָאַיִל נִתַּח לִנְתָחָיו וַיַּקְטֵר מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הָרֹאשׁ וְאֶת־הַנְּתָחִים וְאֶת־הַפָּדֶר׃

21Moshe washed the entrails and the legs with water and turned all of the ram into smoke. That was a burnt offering for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to Hashem—as Hashem had commanded Moshe.

כאוְאֶת־הַקֶּרֶב וְאֶת־הַכְּרָעַיִם רָחַץ בַּמָּיִם וַיַּקְטֵר מֹשֶׁה אֶת־כָּל־הָאַיִל הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עֹלָה הוּא לְרֵיחַ־נִיחֹחַ אִשֶּׁה הוּא לַיהֹוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה׃

22He brought forward the second ram, the ram of ordination. Aharon and his sons laid their hands upon the ram's head,

כבוַיַּקְרֵב אֶת־הָאַיִל הַשֵּׁנִי אֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים וַיִּסְמְכוּ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ הָאָיִל׃

23and it was slaughtered. Moshe took some of its blood and put it on the ridge of Aharon's right ear, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.

כגוַיִּשְׁחָט וַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה מִדָּמוֹ וַיִּתֵּן עַל־תְּנוּךְ אֹזֶן־אַהֲרֹן הַיְמָנִית וְעַל־בֹּהֶן יָדוֹ הַיְמָנִית וְעַל־בֹּהֶן רַגְלוֹ הַיְמָנִית׃

24Moshe then brought forward the sons of Aharon, and put some of the blood on the ridges of their right ears, and on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet; and the rest of the blood Moshe dashed against every side of the mizbayach.

כדוַיַּקְרֵב אֶת־בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וַיִּתֵּן מֹשֶׁה מִן־הַדָּם עַל־תְּנוּךְ אָזְנָם הַיְמָנִית וְעַל־בֹּהֶן יָדָם הַיְמָנִית וְעַל־בֹּהֶן רַגְלָם הַיְמָנִית וַיִּזְרֹק מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַדָּם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ סָבִיב׃

25He took the fat—the broad tail, all the fat about the entrails, the protuberance of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat—and the right thigh.

כהוַיִּקַּח אֶת־הַחֵלֶב וְאֶת־הָאַלְיָה וְאֶת־כָּל־הַחֵלֶב אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַקֶּרֶב וְאֵת יֹתֶרֶת הַכָּבֵד וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּי הַכְּלָיֹת וְאֶת־חֶלְבְּהֶן וְאֵת שׁוֹק הַיָּמִין׃

26From the basket of unleavened bread that was before Hashem, he took one cake of unleavened bread, one cake of oil bread, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat parts and on the right thigh.

כווּמִסַּל הַמַּצּוֹת אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה לָקַח חַלַּת מַצָּה אַחַת וְחַלַּת לֶחֶם שֶׁמֶן אַחַת וְרָקִיק אֶחָד וַיָּשֶׂם עַל־הַחֲלָבִים וְעַל שׁוֹק הַיָּמִין׃

27He placed all these on the palms of Aharon and on the palms of his sons, and elevated them as an elevation offering before Hashem.

כזוַיִּתֵּן אֶת־הַכֹּל עַל כַּפֵּי אַהֲרֹן וְעַל כַּפֵּי בָנָיו וַיָּנֶף אֹתָם תְּנוּפָה לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה׃

28Then Moshe took them from their hands and turned them into smoke on the mizbayach with the burnt offering. This was an ordination offering for a pleasing odor; it was an offering by fire to Hashem.

כחוַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה אֹתָם מֵעַל כַּפֵּיהֶם וַיַּקְטֵר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עַל־הָעֹלָה מִלֻּאִים הֵם לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ אִשֶּׁה הוּא לַיהֹוָה׃

29Moshe took the breast and elevated it as an elevation offering before Hashem; it was Moshe' portion of the ram of ordination—as Hashem had commanded Moshe.

כטוַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הֶחָזֶה וַיְנִיפֵהוּ תְנוּפָה לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה מֵאֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים לְמֹשֶׁה הָיָה לְמָנָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה׃

30And Moshe took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was on the mizbayach and sprinkled it upon Aharon and upon his vestments, and also upon his sons and upon their vestments. Thus he consecrated Aharon and his vestments, and also his sons and their vestments.

לוַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה מִשֶּׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וּמִן־הַדָּם אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיַּז עַל־אַהֲרֹן עַל־בְּגָדָיו וְעַל־בָּנָיו וְעַל־בִּגְדֵי בָנָיו אִתּוֹ וַיְקַדֵּשׁ אֶת־אַהֲרֹן אֶת־בְּגָדָיו וְאֶת־בָּנָיו וְאֶת־בִּגְדֵי בָנָיו אִתּוֹ׃

31Moshe said to Aharon and his sons: Boil the flesh at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and eat it there with the bread that is in the basket of ordination—as I commanded: Aharon and his sons shall eat it;

לאוַיֹּאמֶר מֹשֶׁה אֶל־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶל־בָּנָיו בַּשְּׁלוּ אֶת־הַבָּשָׂר פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וְשָׁם תֹּאכְלוּ אֹתוֹ וְאֶת־הַלֶּחֶם אֲשֶׁר בְּסַל הַמִּלֻּאִים כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוֵּיתִי לֵאמֹר אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו יֹאכְלֻהוּ׃

32and what is left over of the flesh and the bread you shall consume in fire.

לבוְהַנּוֹתָר בַּבָּשָׂר וּבַלָּחֶם בָּאֵשׁ תִּשְׂרֹפוּ׃

33You shall not go outside the entrance of the Tent of Meeting for seven days, until the day that your period of ordination is completed. For your ordination will require seven days.

לגוּמִפֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֹא תֵצְאוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים עַד יוֹם מְלֹאת יְמֵי מִלֻּאֵיכֶם כִּי שִׁבְעַת יָמִים יְמַלֵּא אֶת־יֶדְכֶם׃

34Everything done today, Hashem has commanded to be done [seven days], to make expiation for you.

לדכַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה בַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה צִוָּה יְהֹוָה לַעֲשֹׂת לְכַפֵּר עֲלֵיכֶם׃

35You shall remain at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting day and night for seven days, keeping Hashem's charge—that you may not die—for so I have been commanded.

להוּפֶתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד תֵּשְׁבוּ יוֹמָם וָלַיְלָה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת־מִשְׁמֶרֶת יְהֹוָה וְלֹא תָמוּתוּ כִּי־כֵן צֻוֵּיתִי׃

36And Aharon and his sons did all the things that Hashem had commanded through Moshe.

לווַיַּעַשׂ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֵת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה יְהֹוָה בְּיַד־מֹשֶׁה׃