Leviticus 22
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1  Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:

א  וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃

2  Instruct Aharon and his sons to be scrupulous about the sacred donations that B’nei Yisrael consecrate to Me, lest they profane My holy name, Mine Hashem’s.

ב  דַּבֵּר אֶל־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶל־בָּנָיו וְיִנָּזְרוּ מִקָּדְשֵׁי בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא יְחַלְּלוּ אֶת־שֵׁם קָדְשִׁי אֲשֶׁר הֵם מַקְדִּשִׁים לִי אֲנִי יְהוָה׃

3  Say to them: Throughout the ages, if any man among your offspring, while in a state of uncleanness, partakes of any sacred donation that B’nei Yisrael may consecrate to Hashem, that person shall be cut off from before Me: I am Hashem.

ג  אֱמֹר אֲלֵהֶם לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם כָּל־אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יִקְרַב מִכָּל־זַרְעֲכֶם אֶל־הַקֳּדָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר יַקְדִּישׁוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל לַיהוָה וְטֻמְאָתוֹ עָלָיו וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מִלְּפָנַי אֲנִי יְהוָה׃

4  No man of Aharon’s offspring who has an eruption or a discharge shall eat of the sacred donations until he is clean. If one touches anything made unclean by a corpse, or if a man has an emission of semen,

ד  אִישׁ אִישׁ מִזֶּרַע אַהֲרֹן וְהוּא צָרוּעַ אוֹ זָב בַּקֳּדָשִׁים לֹא יֹאכַל עַד אֲשֶׁר יִטְהָר וְהַנֹּגֵעַ בְּכָל־טְמֵא־נֶפֶשׁ אוֹ אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־תֵּצֵא מִמֶּנּוּ שִׁכְבַת־זָרַע׃

5  or if a man touches any swarming thing by which he is made unclean or any human being by whom he is made unclean—whatever his uncleanness—

ה  אוֹ־אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יִגַּע בְּכָל־שֶׁרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יִטְמָא־לוֹ אוֹ בְאָדָם אֲשֶׁר יִטְמָא־לוֹ לְכֹל טֻמְאָתוֹ׃

6  the person who touches such shall be unclean until evening and shall not eat of the sacred donations unless he has washed his body in water.

ו  נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תִּגַּע־בּוֹ וְטָמְאָה עַד־הָעָרֶב וְלֹא יֹאכַל מִן־הַקֳּדָשִׁים כִּי אִם־רָחַץ בְּשָׂרוֹ בַּמָּיִם׃

7  As soon as the sun sets, he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat of the sacred donations, for they are his food.

ז  וּבָא הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ וְטָהֵר וְאַחַר יֹאכַל מִן־הַקֳּדָשִׁים כִּי לַחְמוֹ הוּא׃

8  He shall not eat anything that died or was torn by beasts, thereby becoming unclean: I am Hashem.

ח  נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה לֹא יֹאכַל לְטָמְאָה־בָהּ אֲנִי יְהוָה׃

9  They shall keep My charge, lest they incur guilt thereby and die for it, having committed profanation: I Hashem consecrate them.

ט  וְשָׁמְרוּ אֶת־מִשְׁמַרְתִּי וְלֹא־יִשְׂאוּ עָלָיו חֵטְא וּמֵתוּ בוֹ כִּי יְחַלְּלֻהוּ אֲנִי יְהוָה מְקַדְּשָׁם׃

10  No lay person shall eat of the sacred donations. No bound or hired laborer of a kohen shall eat of the sacred donations;

י  וְכָל־זָר לֹא־יֹאכַל קֹדֶשׁ תּוֹשַׁב כֹּהֵן וְשָׂכִיר לֹא־יֹאכַל קֹדֶשׁ׃

11  but a person who is a kohen’s property by purchase may eat of them; and those that are born into his household may eat of his food.

יא  וְכֹהֵן כִּי־יִקְנֶה נֶפֶשׁ קִנְיַן כַּסְפּוֹ הוּא יֹאכַל בּוֹ וִילִיד בֵּיתוֹ הֵם יֹאכְלוּ בְלַחְמוֹ׃

12  If a kohen’s daughter marries a layman, she may not eat of the sacred gifts;

יב  וּבַת־כֹּהֵן כִּי תִהְיֶה לְאִישׁ זָר הִוא בִּתְרוּמַת הַקֳּדָשִׁים לֹא תֹאכֵל׃

13  but if the kohen’s daughter is widowed or divorced and without offspring, and is back in her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat of her father’s food. No lay person may eat of it:

יג  וּבַת־כֹּהֵן כִּי תִהְיֶה אַלְמָנָה וּגְרוּשָׁה וְזֶרַע אֵין לָהּ וְשָׁבָה אֶל־בֵּית אָבִיהָ כִּנְעוּרֶיהָ מִלֶּחֶם אָבִיהָ תֹּאכֵל וְכָל־זָר לֹא־יֹאכַל בּוֹ׃

14  but if a man eats of a sacred donation unwittingly, he shall pay the kohen for the sacred donation, adding one-fifth of its value.

יד  וְאִישׁ כִּי־יֹאכַל קֹדֶשׁ בִּשְׁגָגָה וְיָסַף חֲמִשִׁיתוֹ עָלָיו וְנָתַן לַכֹּהֵן אֶת־הַקֹּדֶשׁ׃

15  But [the kohanim] must not allow the Israelites to profane the sacred donations that they set aside for Hashem,

טו  וְלֹא יְחַלְּלוּ אֶת־קָדְשֵׁי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֵת אֲשֶׁר־יָרִימוּ לַיהוָה׃

16  or to incur guilt requiring a penalty payment, by eating such sacred donations: for it is I Hashem who make them sacred.

טז  וְהִשִּׂיאוּ אוֹתָם עֲוֺן אַשְׁמָה בְּאָכְלָם אֶת־קָדְשֵׁיהֶם כִּי אֲנִי יְהוָה מְקַדְּשָׁם׃

17  Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:

יז  וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃

18  Speak to Aharon and his sons, and to all B’nei Yisrael, and say to them: When any man of the house of Yisrael or of the strangers in Yisrael presents a burnt offering as his offering for any of the votive or any of the freewill offerings that they offer to Hashem,

יח  דַּבֵּר אֶל־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶל־בָּנָיו וְאֶל כָּל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אִישׁ אִישׁ מִבֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמִן־הַגֵּר בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר יַקְרִיב קָרְבָּנוֹ לְכָל־נִדְרֵיהֶם וּלְכָל־נִדְבוֹתָם אֲשֶׁר־יַקְרִיבוּ לַיהוָה לְעֹלָה׃

19  it must, to be acceptable in your favor, be a male without blemish, from cattle or sheep or goats.

יט  לִרְצֹנְכֶם תָּמִים זָכָר בַּבָּקָר בַּכְּשָׂבִים וּבָעִזִּים׃

20  You shall not offer any that has a defect, for it will not be accepted in your favor.

כ  כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ מוּם לֹא תַקְרִיבוּ כִּי־לֹא לְרָצוֹן יִהְיֶה לָכֶם׃

21  And when a man offers, from the herd or the flock, a sacrifice of well-being to Hashem for an explicit vow or as a freewill offering, it must, to be acceptable, be without blemish; there must be no defect in it.

כא  וְאִישׁ כִּי־יַקְרִיב זֶבַח־שְׁלָמִים לַיהוָה לְפַלֵּא־נֶדֶר אוֹ לִנְדָבָה בַּבָּקָר אוֹ בַצֹּאן תָּמִים יִהְיֶה לְרָצוֹן כָּל־מוּם לֹא יִהְיֶה־בּוֹ׃

22  Anything blind, or injured, or maimed, or with a wen, boil-scar, or scurvy—such you shall not offer to Hashem; you shall not put any of them on the mizbayach as offerings by fire to Hashem.

כב  עַוֶּרֶת אוֹ שָׁבוּר אוֹ־חָרוּץ אוֹ־יַבֶּלֶת אוֹ גָרָב אוֹ יַלֶּפֶת לֹא־תַקְרִיבוּ אֵלֶּה לַיהוָה וְאִשֶּׁה לֹא־תִתְּנוּ מֵהֶם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָה׃

23  You may, however, present as a freewill offering an ox or a sheep with a limb extended or contracted; but it will not be accepted for a vow.

כג  וְשׁוֹר וָשֶׂה שָׂרוּעַ וְקָלוּט נְדָבָה תַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתוֹ וּלְנֵדֶר לֹא יֵרָצֶה׃

24  You shall not offer to Hashem anything [with its testes] bruised or crushed or torn or cut. You shall have no such practices in your own land,

כד  וּמָעוּךְ וְכָתוּת וְנָתוּק וְכָרוּת לֹא תַקְרִיבוּ לַיהוָה וּבְאַרְצְכֶם לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ׃

25  nor shall you accept such [animals] from a foreigner for offering as food for your God, for they are mutilated, they have a defect; they shall not be accepted in your favor.

כה  וּמִיַּד בֶּן־נֵכָר לֹא תַקְרִיבוּ אֶת־לֶחֶם אֱלֹהֵיכֶם מִכָּל־אֵלֶּה כִּי מָשְׁחָתָם בָּהֶם מוּם בָּם לֹא יֵרָצוּ לָכֶם׃

26  Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:

כו  וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃

27  When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall stay seven days with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be acceptable as an offering by fire to Hashem.

כז  שׁוֹר אוֹ־כֶשֶׂב אוֹ־עֵז כִּי יִוָּלֵד וְהָיָה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תַּחַת אִמּוֹ וּמִיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי וָהָלְאָה יֵרָצֶה לְקָרְבַּן אִשֶּׁה לַיהוָה׃

28  However, no animal from the herd or from the flock shall be slaughtered on the same day with its young.

כח  וְשׁוֹר אוֹ־שֶׂה אֹתוֹ וְאֶת־בְּנוֹ לֹא תִשְׁחֲטוּ בְּיוֹם אֶחָד׃

29  When you sacrifice a thanksgiving offering to Hashem, sacrifice it so that it may be acceptable in your favor.

כט  וְכִי־תִזְבְּחוּ זֶבַח־תּוֹדָה לַיהוָה לִרְצֹנְכֶם תִּזְבָּחוּ׃

30  It shall be eaten on the same day; you shall not leave any of it until morning: I am Hashem.

ל  בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יֵאָכֵל לֹא־תוֹתִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּקֶר אֲנִי יְהוָה׃

31  You shall faithfully observe My commandments: I am Hashem.

לא  וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם מִצְוֺתַי וַעֲשִׂיתֶם אֹתָם אֲנִי יְהוָה׃

32  You shall not profane My holy name, that I may be sanctified in the midst of B’nei Yisrael—I Hashem who sanctify you,

v’-LO t’-kha-l’-LU et SHAYM ko-d’-SHEE v’-NIK-dash-TEE b’-TOKH b’-NAY yis-ra-AYL a-NEE a-do-NAI m’-ka-dish-KHEM

לב  וְלֹא תְחַלְּלוּ אֶת־שֵׁם קָדְשִׁי וְנִקְדַּשְׁתִּי בְּתוֹךְ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲנִי יְהוָה מְקַדִּשְׁכֶם׃

22:32   That I may be sanctified in the midst of the B’nei Yisrael

This verse addresses the imperative to sanctify the name of HashemRashi comments that the juxtaposition of the command to make Hashem’s name holy with the statement “I am Hashem… Who brought you out of the land of Egypt” implies that God took the Children of Israel out of Egypt on condition that they sanctify His name. According to the Talmud (Yoma 86a), the primary way to sanctify Hashem’s name is through ensuring that one’s behavior reflects positively upon Hashem. One must act in accordance with His commandments and treat others with kindness, consideration and honesty. The mandate to sanctify God’s name guides the State of Israel, and the IDF in particular, to hold itself to the highest standards of morality.1 comment

33  I who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God, I Hashem.

ha-mo-TZEE at-KHEM may-E-retz mitz-RA-yim lih-YOT la-KHEM lay-lo-HEEM a-NEE a-do-NAI

לג  הַמּוֹצִיא אֶתְכֶם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לִהְיוֹת לָכֶם לֵאלֹהִים אֲנִי יְהוָה׃

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Leviticus 21
Leviticus 23

Comments ( 2 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • I'm not certain what Rashi is saying. I'll have to do some thinking on it. Certainly, Elohim requires us to sanctify Him. Certainly, how we behave toward Him and others gives glory to His Name. It's like the one-liner, "a picture is worth a thousand words". Or, the statement, "practice what you preach". How one behaves very succinctly describes the condition of one's spiritual heart, and their relation with Elohim.
    *
    However, I can't say that was the reason Elohim brought the children of Yisra'el out of Mitzryim. He brought them out so they (and their descendants) would be His people, and YHVH their Elohim. The language in these verses is the same as that of Exodus 20: 2. It's the first of the Ten Commandments. He is again telling the priests to "believe Him"–the ONLY way to have righteous access to the presence of Elohim. In so doing, they would be an example to the people.

  • I think this is exactly the way we look at persons and say : You have faith, show it through your deeds. That's one of the reasons I believe that Jews are marked by their deeds in order to sanctify the Name of HaShem. I was brought up with it. (but I'm not blemishless 🙂 )

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Leviticus 22

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