Proverbs 6
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1  My son, if you have stood surety for your fellow, Given your hand for another,

א  בְּנִי אִם־עָרַבְתָּ לְרֵעֶךָ תָּקַעְתָּ לַזָּר כַּפֶּיךָ׃

2  You have been trapped by the words of your mouth, Snared by the words of your mouth.

ב  נוֹקַשְׁתָּ בְאִמְרֵי־פִיךָ נִלְכַּדְתָּ בְּאִמְרֵי־פִיךָ׃

3  Do this, then, my son, to extricate yourself, For you have come into the power of your fellow: Go grovel—and badger your fellow;

ג  עֲשֵׂה זֹאת אֵפוֹא בְּנִי וְהִנָּצֵל כִּי בָאתָ בְכַף־רֵעֶךָ לֵךְ הִתְרַפֵּס וּרְהַב רֵעֶיךָ׃

4  Give your eyes no sleep, Your pupils no slumber.

ד  אַל־תִּתֵּן שֵׁנָה לְעֵינֶיךָ וּתְנוּמָה לְעַפְעַפֶּיךָ׃

5  Save yourself like a deer out of the hand [of a hunter], Like a bird out of the hand of a fowler.

ה  הִנָּצֵל כִּצְבִי מִיָּד וּכְצִפּוֹר מִיַּד יָקוּשׁ׃

6  Lazybones, go to the ant; Study its ways and learn.

ו  לֵךְ־אֶל־נְמָלָה עָצֵל רְאֵה דְרָכֶיהָ וַחֲכָם׃

7  Without leaders, officers, or rulers,

ז  אֲשֶׁר אֵין־לָהּ קָצִין שֹׁטֵר וּמֹשֵׁל׃

8  It lays up its stores during the summer, Gathers in its food at the harvest.

ח  תָּכִין בַּקַּיִץ לַחְמָהּ אָגְרָה בַקָּצִיר מַאֲכָלָהּ׃

9  How long will you lie there, lazybones; When will you wake from your sleep?

ט  עַד־מָתַי עָצֵל תִּשְׁכָּב מָתַי תָּקוּם מִשְּׁנָתֶךָ׃

10  A bit more sleep, a bit more slumber, A bit more hugging yourself in bed,

י  מְעַט שֵׁנוֹת מְעַט תְּנוּמוֹת מְעַט חִבֻּק יָדַיִם לִשְׁכָּב׃

11  And poverty will come calling upon you, And want, like a man with a shield.

יא  וּבָא־כִמְהַלֵּךְ רֵאשֶׁךָ וּמַחְסֹרְךָ כְּאִישׁ מָגֵן׃

12  A scoundrel, an evil man Lives by crooked speech,

יב  אָדָם בְּלִיַּעַל אִישׁ אָוֶן הוֹלֵךְ עִקְּשׁוּת פֶּה׃

13  Winking his eyes, Shuffling his feet, Pointing his finger.

יג  קֹרֵץ בְּעֵינָו מֹלֵל בְּרַגְלָו מֹרֶה בְּאֶצְבְּעֹתָיו׃

14  Duplicity is in his heart; He plots evil all the time; He incites quarrels.

יד  תַּהְפֻּכוֹת בְּלִבּוֹ חֹרֵשׁ רָע בְּכָל־עֵת מדנים [מִדְיָנִים] יְשַׁלֵּחַ׃

15  Therefore calamity will come upon him without warning; Suddenly he will be broken beyond repair.

טו  עַל־כֵּן פִּתְאֹם יָבוֹא אֵידוֹ פֶּתַע יִשָּׁבֵר וְאֵין מַרְפֵּא׃

16  Six things Hashem hates; Seven are an abomination to Him:

טז  שֶׁשׁ־הֵנָּה שָׂנֵא יְהוָה וְשֶׁבַע תועבות [תּוֹעֲבַת] נַפְשׁוֹ׃

17  A haughty bearing, A lying tongue, Hands that shed innocent blood,

יז  עֵינַיִם רָמוֹת לְשׁוֹן שָׁקֶר וְיָדַיִם שֹׁפְכוֹת דָּם־נָקִי׃

18  A mind that hatches evil plots, Feet quick to run to evil,

יח  לֵב חֹרֵשׁ מַחְשְׁבוֹת אָוֶן רַגְלַיִם מְמַהֲרוֹת לָרוּץ לָרָעָה׃

19  A false witness testifying lies, And one who incites brothers to quarrel.

יט  יָפִיחַ כְּזָבִים עֵד שָׁקֶר וּמְשַׁלֵּחַ מְדָנִים בֵּין אַחִים׃

20  My son, keep your father’s commandment; Do not forsake your mother’s teaching.

כ  נְצֹר בְּנִי מִצְוַת אָבִיךָ וְאַל־תִּטֹּשׁ תּוֹרַת אִמֶּךָ׃

21  Tie them over your heart always; Bind them around your throat.

כא  קָשְׁרֵם עַל־לִבְּךָ תָמִיד עָנְדֵם עַל־גַּרְגְּרֹתֶךָ׃

22  When you walk it will lead you; When you lie down it will watch over you; And when you are awake it will talk with you.

כב  בְּהִתְהַלֶּכְךָ תַּנְחֶה אֹתָךְ בְּשָׁכְבְּךָ תִּשְׁמֹר עָלֶיךָ וַהֲקִיצוֹתָ הִיא תְשִׂיחֶךָ׃

23  For the commandment is a lamp, The teaching is a light, And the way to life is the rebuke that disciplines.

KEE NAYR mitz-VAH v’-TO-rah OR v’-DE-rekh kha-YEEM to-kh’-KHOT mu-SAR

כג  כִּי נֵר מִצְוָה וְתוֹרָה אוֹר וְדֶרֶךְ חַיִּים תּוֹכְחוֹת מוּסָר׃

6:23   For the commandment is a lamp, the teaching is a light

The Talmud (Bava Batra 4a) quotes this verse in a passage explaining why the wicked King Herod was motivated to renovate and beautify the second Beit Hamikdash. Herod had engaged in a murderous rampage against the leading rabbis of his generation, only to regret his evil actions after he came to know and respect the Sage Bava ben Buta. “What can I do to repent my evil ways?” King Herod begged Bava. Quoting this verse, Bava responded, “You who extinguished the light of the world by killing so many Torah scholars, can atone by bringing more light into the world.” Herod listened to the rabbi and immediately embarked upon a massive architectural project, restoring the glory of the Beit Hamikdash, and causing the second Temple to surpass even  the beauty of the first Temple built by King Shlomo. In this way, he strengthened the light emanating to the world.Comment

24  It will keep you from an evil woman, From the smooth tongue of a forbidden woman.

כד  לִשְׁמָרְךָ מֵאֵשֶׁת רָע מֵחֶלְקַת לָשׁוֹן נָכְרִיָּה׃

25  Do not lust for her beauty Or let her captivate you with her eyes.

כה  אַל־תַּחְמֹד יָפְיָהּ בִּלְבָבֶךָ וְאַל־תִּקָּחֲךָ בְּעַפְעַפֶּיהָ׃

26  The last loaf of bread will go for a harlot; A married woman will snare a person of honor.

כו  כִּי בְעַד־אִשָּׁה זוֹנָה עַד־כִּכַּר לָחֶם וְאֵשֶׁת אִישׁ נֶפֶשׁ יְקָרָה תָצוּד׃

27  Can a man rake embers into his bosom Without burning his clothes?

כז  הֲיַחְתֶּה אִישׁ אֵשׁ בְּחֵיקוֹ וּבְגָדָיו לֹא תִשָּׂרַפְנָה׃

28  Can a man walk on live coals Without scorching his feet?

כח  אִם־יְהַלֵּךְ אִישׁ עַל־הַגֶּחָלִים וְרַגְלָיו לֹא תִכָּוֶינָה׃

29  It is the same with one who sleeps with his fellow’s wife; None who touches her will go unpunished.

כט  כֵּן הַבָּא אֶל־אֵשֶׁת רֵעֵהוּ לֹא יִנָּקֶה כָּל־הַנֹּגֵעַ בָּהּ׃

30  A thief is not held in contempt For stealing to appease his hunger;

ל  לֹא־יָבוּזוּ לַגַּנָּב כִּי יִגְנוֹב לְמַלֵּא נַפְשׁוֹ כִּי יִרְעָב׃

31  Yet if caught he must pay sevenfold; He must give up all he owns.

לא  וְנִמְצָא יְשַׁלֵּם שִׁבְעָתָיִם אֶת־כָּל־הוֹן בֵּיתוֹ יִתֵּן׃

32  He who commits adultery is devoid of sense; Only one who would destroy himself does such a thing.

לב  נֹאֵף אִשָּׁה חֲסַר־לֵב מַשְׁחִית נַפְשׁוֹ הוּא יַעֲשֶׂנָּה׃

33  He will meet with disease and disgrace; His reproach will never be expunged.

לג  נֶגַע־וְקָלוֹן יִמְצָא וְחֶרְפָּתוֹ לֹא תִמָּחֶה׃

34  The fury of the husband will be passionate; He will show no pity on his day of vengeance.

לד  כִּי־קִנְאָה חֲמַת־גָּבֶר וְלֹא־יַחְמוֹל בְּיוֹם נָקָם׃

35  He will not have regard for any ransom; He will refuse your bribe, however great.

 

לה  לֹא־יִשָּׂא פְּנֵי כָל־כֹּפֶר וְלֹא־יֹאבֶה כִּי תַרְבֶּה־שֹׁחַד׃

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Proverbs 5
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Proverbs 6

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