Proverbs 24
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  Be not thou envious of evil men, neither desire to be with them.

א  אַל תְּקַנֵּא בְּאַנְשֵׁי רָעָה וְאַל תִּתְאָו לִהְיוֹת אִתָּם.

2  For their heart studieth destruction, and their lips talk of mischief.

ב  כִּי שֹׁד יֶהְגֶּה לִבָּם וְעָמָל שִׂפְתֵיהֶם תְּדַבֵּרְנָה.

3  Through wisdom is a house builded; and by understanding it is established;

ג  בְּחָכְמָה יִבָּנֶה בָּיִת וּבִתְבוּנָה יִתְכּוֹנָן.

4  And by knowledge are the chambers filled with all precious and pleasant riches.

ד  וּבְדַעַת חֲדָרִים יִמָּלְאוּ כָּל הוֹן יָקָר וְנָעִים.

5  A wise man is strong; yea, a man of knowledge increaseth strength.

ה  גֶּבֶר חָכָם בַּעוֹז וְאִישׁ דַּעַת מְאַמֶּץ כֹּחַ.

6  For with wise advice thou shalt make thy war; and in the multitude of counsellors there is safety.

ו  כִּי בְתַחְבֻּלוֹת תַּעֲשֶׂה לְּךָ מִלְחָמָה וּתְשׁוּעָה בְּרֹב יוֹעֵץ.

7  Wisdom is as unattainable to a fool as corals; he openeth not his mouth in the gate.

ז  רָאמוֹת לֶאֱוִיל חָכְמוֹת בַּשַּׁעַר לֹא יִפְתַּח פִּיהוּ.

8  He that deviseth to do evil, men shall call him a mischievous person.

ח  מְחַשֵּׁב לְהָרֵעַ לוֹ בַּעַל מְזִמּוֹת יִקְרָאוּ.

9  The thought of foolishness is sin; and the scorner is an abomination to men.

ט  זִמַּת אִוֶּלֶת חַטָּאת וְתוֹעֲבַת לְאָדָם לֵץ.

10  If thou faint in the day of adversity, thy strength is small indeed.

י  הִתְרַפִּיתָ בְּיוֹם צָרָה צַר כֹּחֶכָה.

11  Deliver them that are drawn unto death; and those that are ready to be slain wilt thou forbear to rescue?

יא  הַצֵּל לְקֻחִים לַמָּוֶת וּמָטִים לַהֶרֶג אִם תַּחְשׂוֹךְ.

12  If thou sayest: ‘Behold, we knew not this’, doth not He that weigheth the hearts consider it? And He that keepeth thy soul, doth not He know it? And shall not He render to every man according to his works?

יב  כִּי תֹאמַר הֵן לֹא יָדַעְנוּ זֶה הֲלֹא תֹכֵן לִבּוֹת הוּא יָבִין וְנֹצֵר נַפְשְׁךָ הוּא יֵדָע וְהֵשִׁיב לְאָדָם כְּפָעֳלוֹ.

13  My son, eat thou honey, for it is good, and the honeycomb is sweet to thy taste;

יג  אֱכָל בְּנִי דְבַשׁ כִּי טוֹב וְנֹפֶת מָתוֹק עַל חִכֶּךָ.

14  So know thou wisdom to be unto thy soul; if thou hast found it, then shall there be a future, and thy hope shall not be cut off.

יד  כֵּן דְּעֶה חָכְמָה לְנַפְשֶׁךָ אִם מָצָאתָ וְיֵשׁ אַחֲרִית וְתִקְוָתְךָ לֹא תִכָּרֵת.

15  Lie not in wait, O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous, spoil not his resting-place;

טו  אַל תֶּאֱרֹב רָשָׁע לִנְוֵה צַדִּיק אַל תְּשַׁדֵּד רִבְצוֹ.

16  For a righteous man falleth seven times, and riseth up again, but the wicked stumble under adversity.

טז  כִּי שֶׁבַע יִפּוֹל צַדִּיק וָקָם וּרְשָׁעִים יִכָּשְׁלוּ בְרָעָה.

17  Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thy heart be glad when he stumbleth;

bin-FOL o-yiv-KHA al tis-MAKH u-vi-ka-sh’-LO al ya-GAYL li-BE-kha

יז  בִּנְפֹל אויביך (אוֹיִבְךָ) אַל תִּשְׂמָח וּבִכָּשְׁלוֹ אַל יָגֵל לִבֶּךָ.

24:17   Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth

The Bible emphasizes universal feelings of sympathy and compassion for all, and warns against rejoicing at the downfall of our enemies.  For this reason, we spill drops of wine at the Passover Seder, to symbolically diminish our joy because of the suffering experienced by the Egyptians.

Comment

18  Lest Hashem see it, and it displease Him, and He turn away His wrath from him.

יח  פֶּן יִרְאֶה יְהוָה וְרַע בְּעֵינָיו וְהֵשִׁיב מֵעָלָיו אַפּוֹ.

19  Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious at the wicked;

יט  אַל תִּתְחַר בַּמְּרֵעִים אַל תְּקַנֵּא בָּרְשָׁעִים.

20  For there will be no future to the evil man, the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.

כ  כִּי לֹא תִהְיֶה אַחֲרִית לָרָע נֵר רְשָׁעִים יִדְעָךְ.

21  My son, fear thou Hashem and the king, and meddle not with them that are given to change;

כא  יְרָא אֶת יְהוָה בְּנִי וָמֶלֶךְ עִם שׁוֹנִים אַל תִּתְעָרָב.

22  For their calamity shall rise suddenly; and who knoweth the ruin from them both?

כב  כִּי פִתְאֹם יָקוּם אֵידָם וּפִיד שְׁנֵיהֶם מִי יוֹדֵעַ.

23  These also are sayings of the wise. To have respect of persons in judgment is not good.

כג  גַּם אֵלֶּה לַחֲכָמִים הַכֵּר פָּנִים בְּמִשְׁפָּט בַּל טוֹב.

24  He that saith unto the wicked: ‘Thou art righteous’, peoples shall curse him, nations shall execrate him;

כד  אֹמֵר לְרָשָׁע צַדִּיק אָתָּה יִקְּבֻהוּ עַמִּים יִזְעָמוּהוּ לְאֻמִּים.

25  But to them that decide justly shall be delight, and a good blessing shall come upon them.

כה  וְלַמּוֹכִיחִים יִנְעָם וַעֲלֵיהֶם תָּבוֹא בִרְכַּת טוֹב.

26  He kisseth the lips that giveth a right answer.

כו  שְׂפָתַיִם יִשָּׁק מֵשִׁיב דְּבָרִים נְכֹחִים.

27  Prepare thy work without, and make it fit for thyself in the field; and afterwards build thy house.

כז  הָכֵן בַּחוּץ מְלַאכְתֶּךָ וְעַתְּדָהּ בַּשָּׂדֶה לָךְ אַחַר וּבָנִיתָ בֵיתֶךָ.

28  Be not a witness against thy neighbour without cause; and deceive not with thy lips.

כח  אַל תְּהִי עֵד חִנָּם בְּרֵעֶךָ וַהֲפִתִּיתָ בִּשְׂפָתֶיךָ.

29  Say not: ‘I will do so to him as he hath done to me; I will render to the man according to his work.’

כט  אַל תֹּאמַר כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לִי כֵּן אֶעֱשֶׂה לּוֹ אָשִׁיב לָאִישׁ כְּפָעֳלוֹ.

30  I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding;

ל  עַל שְׂדֵה אִישׁ עָצֵל עָבַרְתִּי וְעַל כֶּרֶם אָדָם חֲסַר לֵב.

31  And, lo, it was all grown over with thistles, the face thereof was covered with nettles, and the stone wall thereof was broken down.

לא  וְהִנֵּה עָלָה כֻלּוֹ קִמְּשֹׂנִים כָּסּוּ פָנָיו חֲרֻלִּים וְגֶדֶר אֲבָנָיו נֶהֱרָסָה.

32  Then I beheld, and considered well; I saw, and received instruction.

לב  וָאֶחֱזֶה אָנֹכִי אָשִׁית לִבִּי רָאִיתִי לָקַחְתִּי מוּסָר.

33  ‘Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep’–

לג  מְעַט שֵׁנוֹת מְעַט תְּנוּמוֹת מְעַט חִבֻּק יָדַיִם לִשְׁכָּב.

34  So shall thy poverty come as a runner, and thy want as an armed man.

לד  וּבָא מִתְהַלֵּךְ רֵישֶׁךָ וּמַחְסֹרֶיךָ כְּאִישׁ מָגֵן.

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Proverbs 23
Proverbs 25

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Proverbs 24