Proverbs 24
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1  Do not envy evil men Do not desire to be with them;

א  אַל־תְּקַנֵּא בְּאַנְשֵׁי רָעָה וְאַל־תתאו [תִּתְאָיו] לִהְיוֹת אִתָּם׃

2  For their hearts talk violence, And their lips speak mischief.

ב  כִּי־שֹׁד יֶהְגֶּה לִבָּם וְעָמָל שִׂפְתֵיהֶם תְּדַבֵּרְנָה׃

3  A house is built by wisdom, And is established by understanding;

ג  בְּחָכְמָה יִבָּנֶה בָּיִת וּבִתְבוּנָה יִתְכּוֹנָן׃

4  By knowledge are its rooms filled With all precious and beautiful things.

ד  וּבְדַעַת חֲדָרִים יִמָּלְאוּ כָּל־הוֹן יָקָר וְנָעִים׃

5  A wise man is strength; A knowledgeable man exerts power;

ה  גֶּבֶר־חָכָם בַּעוֹז וְאִישׁ־דַּעַת מְאַמֶּץ־כֹּחַ׃

6  For by stratagems you wage war, And victory comes with much planning.

ו  כִּי בְתַחְבֻּלוֹת תַּעֲשֶׂה־לְּךָ מִלְחָמָה וּתְשׁוּעָה בְּרֹב יוֹעֵץ׃

7  Wisdom is too lofty for a fool; He does not open his mouth in the gate.

ז  רָאמוֹת לֶאֱוִיל חָכְמוֹת בַּשַּׁעַר לֹא יִפְתַּח־פִּיהוּ׃

8  He who lays plans to do harm Is called by men a schemer.

ח  מְחַשֵּׁב לְהָרֵעַ לוֹ בַּעַל־מְזִמּוֹת יִקְרָאוּ׃

9  The schemes of folly are sin, And a scoffer is an abomination to men.

ט  זִמַּת אִוֶּלֶת חַטָּאת וְתוֹעֲבַת לְאָדָם לֵץ׃

10  If you showed yourself slack in time of trouble, Wanting in power,

י  הִתְרַפִּיתָ בְּיוֹם צָרָה צַר כֹּחֶכָה׃

11  If you refrained from rescuing those taken off to death, Those condemned to slaughter—

יא  הַצֵּל לְקֻחִים לַמָּוֶת וּמָטִים לַהֶרֶג אִם־תַּחְשׂוֹךְ׃

12  If you say, “We knew nothing of it,” Surely He who fathoms hearts will discern [the truth], He who watches over your life will know it, And He will pay each man as he deserves.

יב  כִּי־תֹאמַר הֵן לֹא־יָדַעְנוּ זֶה הֲ‍לֹא־תֹכֵן לִבּוֹת הוּא־יָבִין וְנֹצֵר נַפְשְׁךָ הוּא יֵדָע וְהֵשִׁיב לְאָדָם כְּפָעֳלוֹ׃

13  My son, eat honey, for it is good; Let its sweet drops be on your palate.

יג  אֱכָל־בְּנִי דְבַשׁ כִּי־טוֹב וְנֹפֶת מָתוֹק עַל־חִכֶּךָ׃

14  Know: such is wisdom for your soul; If you attain it, there is a future; Your hope will not be cut off.

יד  כֵּן דְּעֶה חָכְמָה לְנַפְשֶׁךָ אִם־מָצָאתָ וְיֵשׁ אַחֲרִית וְתִקְוָתְךָ לֹא תִכָּרֵת׃

15  Wicked man! Do not lurk by the home of the righteous man; Do no violence to his dwelling.

טו  אַל־תֶּאֱרֹב רָשָׁע לִנְוֵה צַדִּיק אַל־תְּשַׁדֵּד רִבְצוֹ׃

16  Seven times the righteous man falls and gets up, While the wicked are tripped by one misfortune.

טז  כִּי שֶׁבַע יִפּוֹל צַדִּיק וָקָם וּרְשָׁעִים יִכָּשְׁלוּ בְרָעָה׃

17  If your enemy falls, do not exult; If he trips, let your heart not rejoice,

bin-FOL o-yiv-KHA al tis-MAKH u-vi-ka-sh’-LO al ya-GAYL li-BE-kha

יז  בִּנְפֹל אויביך [אוֹיִבְךָ] אַל־תִּשְׂמָח וּבִכָּשְׁלוֹ אַל־יָגֵל לִבֶּךָ׃

24:17   If your enemy falls, do not exult

Sadly, it is not uncommon for Israel’s enemies to celebrate news of terror attacks by handing out candy in the streets. Here, the Bible emphasizes universal feelings of sympathy and compassion for all, and warns against rejoicing at the downfall of our enemies.  For this reason, when the Jewish people celebrate the Exodus at the Pesach Seder each year, they remove some of the wine in their cups, to sympathize with the Egyptian suffering that happened in the process.  In this way, even thousands of years later, the Jewish People symbolically diminish their joy because of the pain experienced by their Egyptian enemies.Comment

18  Lest Hashem see it and be displeased, And avert His wrath from him.

יח  פֶּן־יִרְאֶה יְהוָה וְרַע בְּעֵינָיו וְהֵשִׁיב מֵעָלָיו אַפּוֹ׃

19  Do not be vexed by evildoers; Do not be incensed by the wicked;

יט  אַל־תִּתְחַר בַּמְּרֵעִים אַל־תְּקַנֵּא בָּרְשָׁעִים׃

20  For there is no future for the evil man; The lamp of the wicked goes out.

כ  כִּי לֹא־תִהְיֶה אַחֲרִית לָרָע נֵר רְשָׁעִים יִדְעָךְ׃

21  Fear Hashem, my son, and the king, And do not mix with dissenters,

כא  יְרָא־אֶת־יְהוָה בְּנִי וָמֶלֶךְ עִם־שׁוֹנִים אַל־תִּתְעָרָב׃

22  For disaster comes from them suddenly; The doom both decree who can foreknow?

כב  כִּי־פִתְאֹם יָקוּם אֵידָם וּפִיד שְׁנֵיהֶם מִי יוֹדֵעַ׃

23  These also are by the sages: It is not right to be partial in judgment.

כג  גַּם־אֵלֶּה לַחֲכָמִים הַכֵּר־פָּנִים בְּמִשְׁפָּט בַּל־טוֹב׃

24  He who says to the guilty, “You are innocent,” Shall be cursed by peoples, Damned by nations;

כד  אֹמֵר לְרָשָׁע צַדִּיק אָתָּה יִקְּבֻהוּ עַמִּים יִזְעָמוּהוּ לְאֻמִּים׃

25  But it shall go well with them who decide justly; Blessings of good things will light upon them.

כה  וְלַמּוֹכִיחִים יִנְעָם וַעֲלֵיהֶם תָּבוֹא בִרְכַּת־טוֹב׃

26  Giving a straightforward reply Is like giving a kiss.

כו  שְׂפָתַיִם יִשָּׁק מֵשִׁיב דְּבָרִים נְכֹחִים׃

27  Put your external affairs in order, Get ready what you have in the field, Then build yourself a home.

כז  הָכֵן בַּחוּץ מְלַאכְתֶּךָ וְעַתְּדָהּ בַּשָּׂדֶה לָךְ אַחַר וּבָנִיתָ בֵיתֶךָ׃

28  Do not be a witness against your fellow without good cause; Would you mislead with your speech?

כח  אַל־תְּהִי עֵד־חִנָּם בְּרֵעֶךָ וַהֲפִתִּיתָ בִּשְׂפָתֶיךָ׃

29  Do not say, “I will do to him what he did to me; I will pay the man what he deserves.”

כט  אַל־תֹּאמַר כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה־לִי כֵּן אֶעֱשֶׂה־לּוֹ אָשִׁיב לָאִישׁ כְּפָעֳלוֹ׃

30  I passed by the field of a lazy man, By the vineyard of a man lacking sense.

ל  עַל־שְׂדֵה אִישׁ־עָצֵל עָבַרְתִּי וְעַל־כֶּרֶם אָדָם חֲסַר־לֵב׃

31  It was all overgrown with thorns; Its surface was covered with chickweed, And its stone fence lay in ruins.

לא  וְהִנֵּה עָלָה כֻלּוֹ קִמְּשֹׂנִים כָּסּוּ פָנָיו חֲרֻלִּים וְגֶדֶר אֲבָנָיו נֶהֱרָסָה׃

32  I observed and took it to heart; I saw it and learned a lesson.

לב  וָאֶחֱזֶה אָנֹכִי אָשִׁית לִבִּי רָאִיתִי לָקַחְתִּי מוּסָר׃

33  A bit more sleep, a bit more slumber, A bit more hugging yourself in bed,

לג  מְעַט שֵׁנוֹת מְעַט תְּנוּמוֹת מְעַט חִבֻּק יָדַיִם לִשְׁכָּב׃

34  And poverty will come calling upon you, And want, like a man with a shield.

 

לד  וּבָא־מִתְהַלֵּךְ רֵישֶׁךָ וּמַחְסֹרֶיךָ כְּאִישׁ מָגֵן׃

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Proverbs 23
Proverbs 25

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Proverbs 24

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