Proverbs 19
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1  Better a poor man who lives blamelessly Than one who speaks perversely and is a dullard.

א  טוֹב־רָשׁ הוֹלֵךְ בְּתֻמּוֹ מֵעִקֵּשׁ שְׂפָתָיו וְהוּא כְסִיל׃

2  A person without knowledge is surely not good; He who moves hurriedly blunders.

ב  גַּם בְּלֹא־דַעַת נֶפֶשׁ לֹא־טוֹב וְאָץ בְּרַגְלַיִם חוֹטֵא׃

3  A man’s folly subverts his way, And his heart rages against Hashem.

ג  אִוֶּלֶת אָדָם תְּסַלֵּף דַּרְכּוֹ וְעַל־יְהוָה יִזְעַף לִבּוֹ׃

4  Wealth makes many friends, But a poor man loses his last friend.

ד  הוֹן יֹסִיף רֵעִים רַבִּים וְדָל מֵרֵעהוּ יִפָּרֵד׃

5  A false witness will not go unpunished; He who testifies lies will not escape.

ה  עֵד שְׁקָרִים לֹא יִנָּקֶה וְיָפִיחַ כְּזָבִים לֹא יִמָּלֵט׃

6  Many court the favor of a great man, And all are the friends of a dispenser of gifts.

ו  רַבִּים יְחַלּוּ פְנֵי־נָדִיב וְכָל־הָרֵעַ לְאִישׁ מַתָּן׃

7  All the brothers of a poor man despise him; How much more is he shunned by his friends! He who pursues words—they are of no avail.

ז  כָּל אֲחֵי־רָשׁ שְׂנֵאֻהוּ אַף כִּי מְרֵעֵהוּ רָחֲקוּ מִמֶּנּוּ מְרַדֵּף אֲמָרִים לא־[לוֹ־] הֵמָּה׃

8  He who acquires wisdom is his own best friend; He preserves understanding and attains happiness.

ח  קֹנֶה־לֵּב אֹהֵב נַפְשׁוֹ שֹׁמֵר תְּבוּנָה לִמְצֹא־טוֹב׃

9  A false witness will not go unpunished; He who testifies falsely is doomed.

ט  עֵד שְׁקָרִים לֹא יִנָּקֶה וְיָפִיחַ כְּזָבִים יֹאבֵד׃

10  Luxury is not fitting for a dullard, Much less that a servant rule over princes.

י  לֹא־נָאוֶה לִכְסִיל תַּעֲנוּג אַף כִּי־לְעֶבֶד מְשֹׁל בְּשָׂרִים׃

11  A man shows intelligence by his forebearance; It is his glory when he overlooks an offense.

יא  שֵׂכֶל אָדָם הֶאֱרִיךְ אַפּוֹ וְתִפאַרְתּוֹ עֲבֹר עַל־פָּשַׁע׃

12  The rage of a king is like the roar of a lion; His favor is like dew upon the grass.

NA-ham ka-k’-FEER ZA-af ME-lekh ukh-TAL al AY-sev r’-tzo-NO

יב  נַהַם כַּכְּפִיר זַעַף מֶלֶךְ וּכְטַל עַל־עֵשֶׂב רְצוֹנוֹ׃

19:12   His favor is like dew upon the grass

Often, when the Bible mentions a king, it is a metaphor for Hashem Himself. Here, God’s anger is likened to a lion’s roar. A roar is frightening, but serves as a warning to its prey that the lion is present, and clever prey can escape. So too, Hashem’s anger is intended to warn us to correct our ways before it is too late. His blessing, however, is like dew which nurtures the grass. Unlike rain, which is a blessing but can also be destructive, dew serves only to help the grass grow. Similarly, the Lord’s favor serves only to nurture, not to harm us.Comment

13  A stupid son is a calamity to his father; The nagging of a wife is like the endless dripping of water.

יג  הַוֺּת לְאָבִיו בֵּן כְּסִיל וְדֶלֶף טֹרֵד מִדְיְנֵי אִשָּׁה׃

14  Property and riches are bequeathed by fathers, But an efficient wife comes from Hashem.

יד  בַּיִת וָהוֹן נַחֲלַת אָבוֹת וּמֵיְהוָה אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּלֶת׃

15  Laziness induces sleep, And a negligent person will go hungry.

טו  עַצְלָה תַּפִּיל תַּרְדֵּמָה וְנֶפֶשׁ רְמִיָּה תִרְעָב׃

16  He who has regard for his life pays regard to commandments; He who is heedless of his ways will die.

טז  שֹׁמֵר מִצְוָה שֹׁמֵר נַפְשׁוֹ בּוֹזֵה דְרָכָיו יומת [יָמוּת׃]

17  He who is generous to the poor makes a loan to Hashem; He will repay him his due.

יז  מַלְוֵה יְהוָה חוֹנֵן דָּל וּגְמֻלוֹ יְשַׁלֶּם־לוֹ׃

18  Discipline your son while there is still hope, And do not set your heart on his destruction.

יח  יַסֵּר בִּנְךָ כִּי־יֵשׁ תִּקְוָה וְאֶל־הֲמִיתוֹ אַל־תִּשָּׂא נַפְשֶׁךָ׃

19  A hot-tempered man incurs punishment; If you try to save him you will only make it worse.

יט  גרל־[גְּדָל־] חֵמָה נֹשֵׂא עֹנֶשׁ כִּי אִם־תַּצִּיל וְעוֹד תּוֹסִף׃

20  Listen to advice and accept discipline In order that you may be wise in the end.

כ  שְׁמַע עֵצָה וְקַבֵּל מוּסָר לְמַעַן תֶּחְכַּם בְּאַחֲרִיתֶךָ׃

21  Many designs are in a man’s mind, But it is Hashem’s plan that is accomplished.

כא  רַבּוֹת מַחֲשָׁבוֹת בְּלֶב־אִישׁ וַעֲצַת יְהוָה הִיא תָקוּם׃

22  Greed is a reproach to a man; Better be poor than a liar.

כב  תַּאֲוַת אָדָם חַסְדּוֹ וְטוֹב־רָשׁ מֵאִישׁ כָּזָב׃

23  He who fears Hashem earns life; He shall abide in contentment, Free from misfortune.

כג  יִרְאַת יְהוָה לְחַיִּים וְשָׂבֵעַ יָלִין בַּל־יִפָּקֶד רָע׃

24  The lazy man buries his hand in the bowl; He will not even bring it to his mouth.

כד  טָמַן עָצֵל יָדוֹ בַּצַּלָּחַת גַּם־אֶל־פִּיהוּ לֹא יְשִׁיבֶנָּה׃

25  Beat the scoffer and the simple will become clever; Reprove an intelligent man and he gains knowledge.

כה  לֵץ תַּכֶּה וּפֶתִי יַעְרִם וְהוֹכִיחַ לְנָבוֹן יָבִין דָּעַת׃

26  A son who causes shame and disgrace Plunders his father, puts his mother to flight.

כו  מְשַׁדֶּד־אָב יַבְרִיחַ אֵם בֵּן מֵבִישׁ וּמַחְפִּיר׃

27  My son, cease to stray from words of knowledge And receive discipline.

כז  חַדַל־בְּנִי לִשְׁמֹעַ מוּסָר לִשְׁגוֹת מֵאִמְרֵי־דָעַת׃

28  A malicious witness scoffs at justice, And the speech of the wicked conceals mischief.

כח  עֵד בְּלִיַּעַל יָלִיץ מִשְׁפָּט וּפִי רְשָׁעִים יְבַלַּע־אָוֶן׃

29  Punishments are in store for scoffers And blows for the backs of dullards.

 

כט  נָכוֹנוּ לַלֵּצִים שְׁפָטִים וּמַהֲלֻמוֹת לְגֵו כְּסִילִים׃

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Proverbs 18
Proverbs 20

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Proverbs 19

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