Proverbs 19
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1  Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity than he that is perverse in his lips and a fool at the same time.

א  טוֹב רָשׁ הוֹלֵךְ בְּתֻמּוֹ מֵעִקֵּשׁ שְׂפָתָיו וְהוּא כְסִיל.

2  Also, that the soul be without knowledge is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.

ב  גַּם בְּלֹא דַעַת נֶפֶשׁ לֹא טוֹב וְאָץ בְּרַגְלַיִם חוֹטֵא.

3  The foolishness of man perverteth his way; and his heart fretteth against Hashem.

ג  אִוֶּלֶת אָדָם תְּסַלֵּף דַּרְכּוֹ וְעַל יְהוָה יִזְעַף לִבּוֹ.

4  Wealth addeth many friends; but as for the poor, his friend separateth himself from him.

ד  הוֹן יֹסִיף רֵעִים רַבִּים וְדָל מֵרֵעֵהוּ יִפָּרֵד.

5  A false witness shall not be unpunished; and he that breatheth forth lies shall not escape.

ה  עֵד שְׁקָרִים לֹא יִנָּקֶה וְיָפִיחַ כְּזָבִים לֹא יִמָּלֵט.

6  Many will entreat the favour of the liberal man; and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts.

ו  רַבִּים יְחַלּוּ פְנֵי נָדִיב וְכָל הָרֵעַ לְאִישׁ מַתָּן.

7  All the brethren of the poor do hate him; how much more do his friends go far from him! He that pursueth words, they turn against him.

ז  כָּל אֲחֵי רָשׁ שְׂנֵאֻהוּ אַף כִּי מְרֵעֵהוּ רָחֲקוּ מִמֶּנּוּ מְרַדֵּף אֲמָרִים לא (לוֹ ) הֵמָּה.

8  He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul; he that keepeth understanding shall find good.

ח  קֹנֶה לֵּב אֹהֵב נַפְשׁוֹ שֹׁמֵר תְּבוּנָה לִמְצֹא טוֹב.

9  A false witness shall not be unpunished; and he that breatheth forth lies shall perish.

ט  עֵד שְׁקָרִים לֹא יִנָּקֶה וְיָפִיחַ כְּזָבִים יֹאבֵד.

10  Luxury is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

י  לֹא נָאוֶה לִכְסִיל תַּעֲנוּג אַף כִּי לְעֶבֶד מְשֹׁל בְּשָׂרִים.

11  It is the discretion of a man to be slow to anger, and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.

יא  שֵׂכֶל אָדָם הֶאֱרִיךְ אַפּוֹ וְתִפְאַרְתּוֹ עֲבֹר עַל פָּשַׁע.

12  The king’s wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.

NA-ham ka-k’-FEER ZA-af ME-lekh ukh-TAL al AY-sev r’-tzo-NO.

יב  נַהַם כַּכְּפִיר זַעַף מֶלֶךְ וּכְטַל עַל עֵשֶׂב רְצוֹנוֹ.

19:12   But his favour is as dew upon the grass

Often, when the Bible mentions a king it is a metaphor for God himself. Here, God’s anger is likened to a lion’s roar. A roar is frightening, but serves as a warning to its prey that the lion is present, and clever prey can escape. So too, God’s anger is intended to warn us to correct our ways before it is too late. His blessing, however, is like dew which nurtures the grass. Unlike rain, which is a blessing but also potentially destructive, dew serves only to help the grass grow. Similarly, the Lord’s favor upon us serves only to nurture, not to harm.

Comment

13  A foolish son is the calamity of his father; and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.

יג  הַוּ‍ֹת לְאָבִיו בֵּן כְּסִיל וְדֶלֶף טֹרֵד מִדְיְנֵי אִשָּׁה.

14  House and riches are the inheritance of fathers; but a prudent wife is from Hashem.

יד  בַּיִת וָהוֹן נַחֲלַת אָבוֹת וּמֵיְהוָה אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּלֶת.

15  Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and the idle soul shall suffer hunger.

טו  עַצְלָה תַּפִּיל תַּרְדֵּמָה וְנֶפֶשׁ רְמִיָּה תִרְעָב.

16  He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his soul; but he that despiseth His ways shall die.

טז  שֹׁמֵר מִצְוָה שֹׁמֵר נַפְשׁוֹ בּוֹזֵה דְרָכָיו יומת (יָמוּת).

17  He that is gracious unto the poor lendeth unto Hashem; and his good deed will He repay unto him.

יז  מַלְוֵה יְהוָה חוֹנֵן דָּל וּגְמֻלוֹ יְשַׁלֶּם לוֹ.

18  Chasten thy son, for there is hope; but set not thy heart on his destruction.

יח  יַסֵּר בִּנְךָ כִּי יֵשׁ תִּקְוָה וְאֶל הֲמִיתוֹ אַל תִּשָּׂא נַפְשֶׁךָ.

19  A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment; for if thou interpose, thou wilt add thereto.

יט  גרל (גְּדָל ) חֵמָה נֹשֵׂא עֹנֶשׁ כִּי אִם תַּצִּיל וְעוֹד תּוֹסִף.

20  Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter end.

כ  שְׁמַע עֵצָה וְקַבֵּל מוּסָר לְמַעַן תֶּחְכַּם בְּאַחֲרִיתֶךָ.

21  There are many devices in a man’s heart; but the counsel of Hashem, that shall stand.

כא  רַבּוֹת מַחֲשָׁבוֹת בְּלֶב אִישׁ וַעֲצַת יְהוָה הִיא תָקוּם.

22  The lust of a man is his shame; and a poor man is better than a liar.

כב  תַּאֲוַת אָדָם חַסְדּוֹ וְטוֹב רָשׁ מֵאִישׁ כָּזָב.

23  The fear of Hashem tendeth to life; and he that hath it shall abide satisfied, he shall not be visited with evil.

כג  יִרְאַת יְהוָה לְחַיִּים וְשָׂבֵעַ יָלִין בַּל יִפָּקֶד רָע.

24  The sluggard burieth his hand in the dish, and will not so much as bring it back to his mouth.

כד  טָמַן עָצֵל יָדוֹ בַּצַּלָּחַת גַּם אֶל פִּיהוּ לֹא יְשִׁיבֶנָּה.

25  When thou smitest a scorner, the simple will become prudent; and when one that hath understanding is reproved, he will understand knowledge.

כה  לֵץ תַּכֶּה וּפֶתִי יַעְרִם וְהוֹכִיחַ לְנָבוֹן יָבִין דָּעַת.

26  A son that dealeth shamefully and reproachfully will despoil his father, and chase away his mother.

כו  מְשַׁדֶּד אָב יַבְרִיחַ אֵם בֵּן מֵבִישׁ וּמַחְפִּיר.

27  Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.

כז  חֲדַל בְּנִי לִשְׁמֹעַ מוּסָר לִשְׁגוֹת מֵאִמְרֵי דָעַת.

28  An ungodly witness mocketh at right; and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.

כח  עֵד בְּלִיַּעַל יָלִיץ מִשְׁפָּט וּפִי רְשָׁעִים יְבַלַּע אָוֶן.

29  Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.

כט  נָכוֹנוּ לַלֵּצִים שְׁפָטִים וּמַהֲלֻמוֹת לְגֵו כְּסִילִים.

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Proverbs 18
Proverbs 20

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Proverbs 19