1 When King Adoni-zedek of Yerushalayim learned that Yehoshua had captured Ai and proscribed it, treating Ai and its king as he had treated Yericho and its king, and that, moreover, the people of Givon had come to terms with Yisrael and remained among them,
vai-HEE khish-MO-a a-do-nee TZE-dek ME-lekh y’-ru-sha-LA-yim kee la-KHAD y’-ho-SHU-a et ha-AI va-ya-kha-ree-MAH ka-a-SHER a-SAH lee-ree-KHO ul-mal-KAH kayn a-SAH la-AI ul-mal-KAH v’-KHEE hish-LEE-mu yo-sh’-VAY giv-ON et yis-ra-AYL va-yih-YU b’-kir-BAM
10:1 When King Adoni-zedek of Yerushalayim learned
This is the first mention of the name Yerushalayim in the Bible. King Adoni-zedek, like Melchizedek King of Shalem (Genesis 14:18), gets his name tzedek (צדק), ‘righteousness,’ because he resides in Yerushalayim, the city of righteousness, as it says “righteousness lodged in her” (Isaiah 1:21). Yerushayim is not only filled with righteousness, it even causes its residents to be righteous and just. Adoni-zedek uses this virtue to stand up for moral justice by attacking the Givonim who had violated the Canaanite pact not to surrender to the Israelites. The Ramban, in his commentary (Genesis 14:18), points out that from time immemorial, the nations of the world have recognized the uniqueness of Yerushalayim. Physically, Yerushalayim is in a prime location at the center of the country. Spiritually, they knew it is aligned with the heavenly Temple where God’s spirit dwells on high, and is the site He selected for the Beit Hamikdash.