Tevet is the fourth month of the Hebrew year (or the tenth month when counting from Nissan). The name Tevet is of Babylonian origin, corresponding to the constellation of the Goat (Capricorn), visible in the night sky during this lunar month. Tevet usually overlaps the solar months of December and January.
Tevet, along with its original name, appears in the Book of Esther:
“Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus, in his royal palace, in the tenth month, which is the month of Tevet, in the seventh year of his reign.” (Esther 2:16)
The name Dan comes from the Hebrew word which means to judge. Dan brought law and order to the nation. His role was of supreme importance, since justice is essential for the functioning of any society.
Because Yoseph was such a great person, his father Jacob blessed him with two tribes under the leadership of his two sons Ephraim and Menashe (Manasseh).
Tevet’s stone in the High Priest’s breastplate is the Leshem (Orange Topaz)
“כֹּֽה־אָמַ֞ר יְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֗וֹת צ֣וֹם הָרְבִיעִ֡י וְצ֣וֹם הַחֲמִישִׁי֩ וְצ֨וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֜י וְצ֣וֹם הָעֲשִׂירִ֗י יִהְיֶ֤ה לְבֵית־יְהוּדָה֙ לְשָׂשׂ֣וֹן וּלְשִׂמְחָ֔ה וּֽלְמֹעֲדִ֖ים טוֹבִ֑ים וְהָאֱמֶ֥ת וְהַשָּׁל֖וֹם אֱהָֽבוּ׃”
Koh-amar adonai tzeva’ot tzom harevi’i vetzom hachamishi vetzom hashevi’i vetzom ha’asiri yihyeh leveit-yehudah lesason ulesimchah ulemo’adim tovim veha’emet vehashalom ehavu.
The fast of the fourth month, the fifth month, the seventh month, and the tenth month shall become occasions for joy and gladness, happy festivals for the House of Judah.
(KISLEV 25 – TEVET 2)
This holiday marks the miraculous victory of the Jewish people in their fight against the Greeks for religious liberty and national independence. It also marks the rededication of the Second Temple in 164 CE, after it was desecrated by Greek King Antiochus. The holiday is observed by lighting an eight-branched Hanukkah candelabra, adding a candle each night of the holiday.
Fast of Asara B’Tevet
This fast day commemorates the start of the siege of Jerusalem by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar, which eventually led to the destruction of the First Temple.
Notable Dates in the Month of Cheshvan
Death of Rabbi Zalman Shneur of Liadi, the founder of the Chabad Chassidic dynasty.