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From Egypt to Mount Sinai

Feb 15, 2016

וַיִּסְע֧וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מֵרַעְמְסֵ֖ס סֻכֹּ֑תָה כְּשֵׁשׁ־מֵא֨וֹת אֶ֧לֶף רַגְלִ֛י הַגְּבָרִ֖ים לְבַ֥ד מִטָּֽף׃

The Israelites journeyed from Raamses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.

vai-YIS-u v'-nay yis-ra-AYL may-ram-SEES su-KO-ta, k'-shesh-m'-OT e-LEF rag-LEE ha-ge-va-REEM l'-VAD mi-TAF

Exodus 12:37

וַיִּסְע֣וּ מֵרְפִידִ֗ים וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ מִדְבַּ֣ר סִינַ֔י וַֽיַּחֲנ֖וּ בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר וַיִּֽחַן־שָׁ֥ם יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל נֶ֥גֶד הָהָֽר׃

Having journeyed from Rephidim, they entered the wilderness of Sinai and encamped in the wilderness. Yisrael encamped there in front of the mountain,

vai-yis-U me-re-fi-DIM va-ya-VO-u mi-d'-BAR si-NAI va-ya-KHA-nu ba-mi-d'-BAR vai-KHAN-sham yis-ra-AYL NE-ged ha-HAR

Exodus 19:2

The map below traces the journey of the Children of Israel from Egypt to Mount Sinai as described in Exodus 12:37-19:2.

  1. The Children of Israel leave Egypt from Ramses (Exodus 12:37) on the 15th of Nissan.
  2. Their first stop on the journey from Egypt is Succoth (Exodus 12:37).
  3. From Succoth they travel to Etham (Exodus 13:19).
  4. They camp between Midgol and the sea while the Egyptian army pursues them (Exodus 14:1-14).
  5. The sea splits, allowing the Jews to cross on dry land while the pursuing Egyptian army drowns (Exodus 14:15-31).
  6. The people travel to Marah where they find bitter water.  God sweetens the water for them, gives them some laws and promises to be their healer (Exodus 15:23-26).
  7. In Elim they find 12 springs of water and 70 palm trees (Exodus 15:27).
  8. In the wilderness of Sin they complain about the lack of food and are given manna from heaven and quail to eat (Exodus 16:1-36).
  9. They again lack water in Rephidim.  God provides water from a rock after which Amalek attacks (Exodus 17:1-16).
  10. From Rephidim the people travel to the wilderness of Sinai and camp near Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:1-2).  It is here that they are given the Torah, make the golden calf and build the Tabernacle.

* This map follows one of several opinions, some locations are approximate

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