1 The men of Efraim mustered and crossed [the Yarden] to Zaphon. They said to Yiftach, “Why did you march to fight the Ammonites without calling us to go with you? We’ll burn your house down over you!”
2 Yiftach answered them, “I and my people were in a bitter conflict with the Ammonites; and I summoned you, but you did not save me from them.
3 When I saw that you were no saviors, I risked my life and advanced against the Ammonites; and Hashem delivered them into my hands. Why have you come here now to fight against me?”
ג וָאֶרְאֶה כִּי־אֵינְךָ מוֹשִׁיע וָאָשִׂימָה נַפְשִׁי בְכַפִּי וָאֶעְבְּרָה אֶל־בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וַיִּתְּנֵם יְהֹוָה בְּיָדִי וְלָמָה עֲלִיתֶם אֵלַי הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לְהִלָּחֶם בִּי׃
4 And Yiftach gathered all the men of Gilad and fought the Ephraimites. The men of Gilad defeated the Ephraimites; for they had said, “You Giladites are nothing but fugitives from Efraim—being in Menashe is like being in Efraim.”
5 The Giladites held the fords of the Yarden against the Ephraimites. And when any fugitive from Efraim said, “Let me cross,” the men of Gilad would ask him, “Are you an Ephraimites?”; if he said “No,”
6 they would say to him, “Then say shibboleth”; but he would say “sibboleth,” not being able to pronounce it correctly. Thereupon they would seize him and slay him by the fords of the Yarden. Forty-two thousand Ephraimites fell at that time.
ו וַיֹּאמְרוּ לוֹ אֱמָר־נָא שִׁבֹּלֶת וַיֹּאמֶר סִבֹּלֶת וְלֹא יָכִין לְדַבֵּר כֵּן וַיֹּאחֲזוּ אוֹתוֹ וַיִּשְׁחָטוּהוּ אֶל־מַעְבְּרוֹת הַיַּרְדֵּן וַיִּפֹּל בָּעֵת הַהִיא מֵאֶפְרַיִם אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנַיִם אָלֶף׃
According to the Talmud (Bava Batra 91a), the judge called Ivtzan mentioned in this verse is none other than Boaz, one of the heroes of Megillat Rut. At the climax of that dramatic narrative, Boaz marries the poor Moabite convert Rut. Their descendants include King David, and will ultimately also include the righteous Mashiach. Ivtzan has sixty children. But it is a unique child, born as a result of his kindness to a poor convert, who is the ancestor of the redeemer of Israel. Hashem indeed finds many ways to take care of the People of Israel, and to reward acts of kindness.1 comment
9 He had thirty sons, and he married off thirty daughters outside the clan and brought in thirty girls from outside the clan for his sons. He led Yisrael seven years.
ט וַיְהִי־לוֹ שְׁלֹשִׁים בָּנִים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים בָּנוֹת שִׁלַּח הַחוּצָה וּשְׁלֹשִׁים בָּנוֹת הֵבִיא לְבָנָיו מִן־הַחוּץ וַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים׃
יב וַיָּמָת אֵלוֹן הַזְּבוּלֹנִי וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּאַיָּלוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ זְבוּלֻן׃
14 He had forty sons and thirty grandsons, who rode on seventy jackasses. He led Yisrael for eight years.
יד וַיְהִי־לוֹ אַרְבָּעִים בָּנִים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים בְּנֵי בָנִים רֹכְבִים עַל־שִׁבְעִים עֲיָרִם וַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁמֹנֶה שָׁנִים׃