Chapter 10

1After Avimelech, Tola son of Puah son of Dodo, a man of Yissachar, arose to deliver Yisrael. He lived at Shamir in the hill country of Efraim.

אוַיָּקָם אַחֲרֵי אֲבִימֶלֶךְ לְהוֹשִׁיעַ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל תּוֹלָע בֶּן־פּוּאָה בֶּן־דּוֹדוֹ אִישׁ יִשָּׂשכָר וְהוּא־יֹשֵׁב בְּשָׁמִיר בְּהַר אֶפְרָיִם׃

2He led Yisrael for twenty-three years; then he died and was buried at Shamir.

בוַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל עֶשְׂרִים וְשָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנָה וַיָּמָת וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּשָׁמִיר׃

3After him arose Yair the Giladite, and he led Yisrael for twenty-two years.

גוַיָּקָם אַחֲרָיו יָאִיר הַגִּלְעָדִי וַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁתַּיִם שָׁנָה׃

4(He had thirty sons, who rode on thirty burros and owned thirty boroughs in the region of Gilad; these are called Havvoth-jair to this day.)

דוַיְהִי־לוֹ שְׁלֹשִׁים בָּנִים רֹכְבִים עַל־שְׁלֹשִׁים עֲיָרִים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים עֲיָרִים לָהֶם לָהֶם יִקְרְאוּ חַוּׂת יָאִיר עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר בְּאֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד׃

5Then Yair died and was buried at Kamon.

הוַיָּמָת יָאִיר וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּקָמוֹן׃

6The Israelites again did what was offensive to Hashem. They served the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, and the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites, and the gods of the Philistines; they forsook Hashem and did not serve Him.

ווַיֹּסִפוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה וַיַּעַבְדוּ אֶת־הַבְּעָלִים וְאֶת־הָעַשְׁתָּרוֹת וְאֶת־אֱלֹהֵי אֲרָם וְאֶת־אֱלֹהֵי צִידוֹן וְאֵת אֱלֹהֵי מוֹאָב וְאֵת אֱלֹהֵי בְנֵי־עַמּוֹן וְאֵת אֱלֹהֵי פְלִשְׁתִּים וַיַּעַזְבוּ אֶת־יְהֹוָה וְלֹא עֲבָדוּהוּ׃

7And Hashem, incensed with Yisrael, surrendered them to the Philistines and to the Ammonites.

va-yi-khar AF a-do-NAI b'-yis-ra-AYL va-yim-k'-RAYM b'-yad p'-lish-TEEM u-v'-YAD b'-NAY a-MON

זוַיִּחַר־אַף יְהֹוָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְכְּרֵם בְּיַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּים וּבְיַד בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן׃

10:7   Surrendered them to the Philistines

The Philistines are one of the Israelites’ long-term enemies. It is interesting to note, however, that they are not among the seven Canaanite nations who initially inhabited the land. Rather, they are a foreign nation that invaded Eretz Yisrael via sea. Yet despite being neither natives nor the recipients of God’s promise of the land, they often succeed in persecuting the Children of Israel and holding large amounts of territory in its land. However, in every case, Hashem eventually saves the People of Israel from their enemy.

8That year they battered and shattered the Israelites—for eighteen years—all the Israelites beyond the Yarden, in [what had been] the land of the Amorites in Gilad.

חוַיִּרְעֲצוּ וַיְרֹצְצוּ אֶת־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּשָּׁנָה הַהִיא שְׁמֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה אֶת־כָּל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן בְּאֶרֶץ הָאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר בַּגִּלְעָד׃

9The Ammonites also crossed the Yarden to make war on Yehuda, Binyamin, and the House of Efraim. Yisrael was in great distress.

טוַיַּעַבְרוּ בְנֵי־עַמּוֹן אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן לְהִלָּחֵם גַּם־בִּיהוּדָה וּבְבִנְיָמִין וּבְבֵית אֶפְרָיִם וַתֵּצֶר לְיִשְׂרָאֵל מְאֹד׃

10Then the Israelites cried out to Hashem, “We stand guilty before You, for we have forsaken our God and served the Baalim.”

יוַיִּזְעֲקוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־יְהֹוָה לֵאמֹר חָטָאנוּ לָךְ וְכִי עָזַבְנוּ אֶת־אֱלֹהֵינוּ וַנַּעֲבֹד אֶת־הַבְּעָלִים׃

11But Hashem said to the Israelites, “[I have rescued you] from the Egyptians, from the Amorites, from the Ammonites, and from the Philistines.

יאוַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הֲלֹא מִמִּצְרַיִם וּמִן־הָאֱמֹרִי וּמִן־בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וּמִן־פְּלִשְׁתִּים׃

12The Sidonians, Amalek, and Maon also oppressed you; and when you cried out to Me, I saved you from them.

יבוְצִידוֹנִים וַעֲמָלֵק וּמָעוֹן לָחֲצוּ אֶתְכֶם וַתִּצְעֲקוּ אֵלַי וָאוֹשִׁיעָה אֶתְכֶם מִיָּדָם׃

13Yet you have forsaken Me and have served other gods. No, I will not deliver you again.

יגוְאַתֶּם עֲזַבְתֶּם אוֹתִי וַתַּעַבְדוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים לָכֵן לֹא־אוֹסִיף לְהוֹשִׁיעַ אֶתְכֶם׃

14Go cry to the gods you have chosen; let them deliver you in your time of distress!”

ידלְכוּ וְזַעֲקוּ אֶל־הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר בְּחַרְתֶּם בָּם הֵמָּה יוֹשִׁיעוּ לָכֶם בְּעֵת צָרַתְכֶם׃

15But the Israelites implored Hashem: “We stand guilty. Do to us as You see fit; only save us this day!”

טווַיֹּאמְרוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־יְהֹוָה חָטָאנוּ עֲשֵׂה־אַתָּה לָנוּ כְּכָל־הַטּוֹב בְּעֵינֶיךָ אַךְ הַצִּילֵנוּ נָא הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃

16They removed the alien gods from among them and served Hashem; and He could not bear the miseries of Yisrael.

טזוַיָּסִירוּ אֶת־אֱלֹהֵי הַנֵּכָר מִקִּרְבָּם וַיַּעַבְדוּ אֶת־יְהֹוָה וַתִּקְצַר נַפְשׁוֹ בַּעֲמַל יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

17The Ammonites mustered and they encamped in Gilad; and the Israelites massed and they encamped at Mitzpa.

יזוַיִּצָּעֲקוּ בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וַיַּחֲנוּ בַּגִּלְעָד וַיֵּאָסְפוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיַּחֲנוּ בַּמִּצְפָּה׃

18The troops—the officers of Gilad—said to one another, “Let the man who is the first to fight the Ammonites be chieftain over all the inhabitants of Gilad.”

יחוַיֹּאמְרוּ הָעָם שָׂרֵי גִלְעָד אִישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵהוּ מִי הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יָחֵל לְהִלָּחֵם בִּבְנֵי עַמּוֹן יִהְיֶה לְרֹאשׁ לְכֹל יֹשְׁבֵי גִלְעָד׃