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Ask Rabbi Tuly: When is Purim?

Mar 18, 2019

בְּיוֹם־שְׁלוֹשָׁ֥ה עָשָׂ֖ר לְחֹ֣דֶשׁ אֲדָ֑ר וְנ֗וֹחַ בְּאַרְבָּעָ֤ה עָשָׂר֙ בּ֔וֹ וְעָשֹׂ֣ה אֹת֔וֹ י֖וֹם מִשְׁתֶּ֥ה וְשִׂמְחָֽה׃

That was on the thirteenth day of the month of Adar; and they rested on the fourteenth day and made it a day of feasting and merrymaking.

b'-YOM sh'-LO-sha a-SAR l'-kho-DAYSH a-daR v'-NO-akh b'-ar-ba-a a-SAR BO v'-a-SO o-TO YOM mish-TEH v'-sim-KHAH

Esther 9:17

עַל־כֵּ֞ן הַיְּהוּדִ֣ים (הפרוזים) [הַפְּרָזִ֗ים] הַיֹּשְׁבִים֮ בְּעָרֵ֣י הַפְּרָזוֹת֒ עֹשִׂ֗ים אֵ֠ת י֣וֹם אַרְבָּעָ֤ה עָשָׂר֙ לְחֹ֣דֶשׁ אֲדָ֔ר שִׂמְחָ֥ה וּמִשְׁתֶּ֖ה וְי֣וֹם ט֑וֹב וּמִשְׁלֹ֥חַ מָנ֖וֹת אִ֥ישׁ לְרֵעֵֽהוּ׃

That is why village Yehudim, who live in unwalled towns, observe the fourteenth day of the month of Adar and make it a day of merrymaking and feasting, and as a holiday and an occasion for sending gifts to one another.

al-KEIN ha-y'-hu-DEEM (ha-PRU-zim) [ha-p'-RA-zim] ha-yo-sh'-VEEM b'-a-REI ha-p'-RA-zot, o-SEEM AYT yom ar-BA-a ASAR l'-kho-DAYSH a-DAR, sim-KHA u-mish-TEH u-yom TOV u-mish-LO-akh man-OT eesh l'-re-E-hu.

Esther 9:19

Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem on Friday, March 22, 2019 and on Thursday, March 21 everywhere else. Why do some places celebrate the Jewish holiday of Purim on one day, while other cities observe it on another day? Rabbi Tuly Weisz explains based on Esther 9:17-19 that it all has to do with the biblical account that distinguishes between walled and un-walled cities.

Watch the rest of Rabbi Tuly’s answer below:

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Related Names and Places:

Relate Bible Verses: Chapter 9

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