Elul is the twelfth month of the Hebrew year (or the sixth month when counting from Nissan). Like all Hebrew months, the name Elul is of Babylonian origin, corresponding to the constellation of the Virgin (Virgo), visible in the night sky during this lunar month. Elul usually overlaps the solar months of August and September.
The month of Elul mentioned in the Bible both as “the sixth month” and “Elul”:
“In the sixth year, on the fifth day of the sixth month, I was sitting at home, and the elders of Yehuda were sitting before me, and there the hand of Hashem fell upon me.” (Ezekiel 8:1)
“The wall was finished on the twenty-fifth of Elul, after fifty-two days.” (Nehemiah 6:15)
Gad was a warrior, known for his military spirit. Though his tribe settled on the east side of the Jordan River, he, along with the tribe of Reuben and half of Menasseh, helped fight and conquer the Land of Israel before settling into their own territory. Thus we see that while they were strong and mighty, they also had a deep sense of brotherhood.
Because Yoseph was such a great person, his father Jacob blessed him with two tribes under the leadership of his two sons Ephraim and Menashe (Manasseh).
Elul’s stone in the High Priest’s breastplate is the Achlahamah (Amethystos)
“הַלְלוּהוּ, בְּתֵקַע שׁוֹפָר; הַלְלוּהוּ, בְּנֵבֶל וְכִנּוֹר.”
Halluhu, beteka shofar; halluhu, benevel vechinnor.
Praise Him with blasts of the Shofar; praise Him with harp and lyre.
There are no holidays in the month of Elul, which is a month of repentance in preparation for Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year.
Notable Dates in the Month of Elul
The death of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, the first Chief Rabbi of the Land of Israel under the British Mandate.