Daniel's Answer to the King by Briton Rivière
|Prophet (Christianity, Islam)|
|Major shrine||Tomb of Daniel, Susa, Iran|
|Feast||July 21: Roman Catholicism |
December 17: Greek Orthodoxy
|Attributes||Often depicted in the den of the lions|
Tradition or genre
|6th century BC|
Daniel (Hebrew: דָּנִיאֵל, Dani’el meaning "God is my Judge", Greek: Δανιήλ) is the hero of the biblical Book of Daniel. A noble Jewish youth of Jerusalem, he is taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and serves the king and his successors with loyalty and ability until the time of the Persian conqueror Cyrus, all the while remaining true to the God of Israel. The consensus of modern scholars is that Daniel never existed, and the book is a cryptic allusion to the reign of the 2nd century BCE Greek king Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
Six cities claim the Tomb of Daniel, the most famous being that in Susa, in southern Iran, at a site known as Shush-e Daniyal. He is not a prophet in Judaism, but the rabbis reckoned him to be the most distinguished member of the Babylonian diaspora, unsurpassed in piety and good deeds, firm in his adherence to the Law despite being surrounded by enemies who sought his ruin, and in the first few centuries CE they wrote down the many legends that had grown up around his name. The various branches of the Christian church do recognise him as a prophet, and although he is not mentioned in the Quran, Muslim sources describe him as a prophet (nabi).