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The Kingdom of Persia – The Book of Esther

Feb 7, 2016

וַיְהִ֖י בִּימֵ֣י אֲחַשְׁוֵר֑וֹשׁ ה֣וּא אֲחַשְׁוֵר֗וֹשׁ הַמֹּלֵךְ֙ מֵהֹ֣דּוּ וְעַד־כּ֔וּשׁ שֶׁ֛בַע וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים וּמֵאָ֖ה מְדִינָֽה׃

It happened in the days of Ahasuerus—that Ahasuerus who reigned over a hundred and twenty-seven provinces from India to Ethiopia.

vai-Y'-hee b'-Y'-may a-khash-VE-rosh, HU a-khash-VE-rosh ha-m'-LEKH may-HO-du v'-ad-KUSH, SHE-va v'-e-s'-reem u-m'-a, m'-dee-NAH

Esther 1:1

בַּיָּמִ֖ים הָהֵ֑ם כְּשֶׁ֣בֶת ׀ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֗וֹשׁ עַ֚ל כִּסֵּ֣א מַלְכוּת֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּשׁוּשַׁ֥ן הַבִּירָֽה׃

In those days, when King Ahasuerus occupied the royal throne in the fortress Shushan,

ba-ya-MEEM ha-HEM, k'-SHE-vet ha-ME-lekh a-khash-VE-rosh al ki-SAY mal-KU-to, a-SHER b'-shu-SHAN ha-bi-RAH

Esther 1:2

This map highlights Achashveirosh’s vast empire as described in the Book of Esther 1:1-2.

1-2. Achashveirosh, king of Persia, ruled a vast empire from India (1) to Ethiopia (2) (Esther 1:1).

3. Shushan, located in modern-day Iran, was the capitol of the Persian empire (Esther 1:2).  It is where the events of the Book of Esther took place.  It was also where Nechemiah lived before going to the Land of Israel (Nehemiah 1:1), and is mentioned in the Book of Daniel (Daniel 8:2).

4. The Land of Israel was part of Achashveirosh’s kingdom.

Related Names and Places:

Relate Bible Verses: Chapter 1

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