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Zephaniah - Chapter 3

Translation and Transliteration of 

1Ah, sullied, polluted, Overbearing city!

hoi mor-AH v'-nig-a-LAH ha-IR ha-yo-NAH

אה֥וֹי מֹרְאָ֖ה וְנִגְאָלָ֑ה הָעִ֖יר הַיּוֹנָֽה׃

2She has been disobedient, Has learned no lesson; She has not trusted in Hashem, Has not drawn near to her God.

LO SHA-ma-a b'-KOL, LO la-ko-KHA mu-SAR, ba-do-NAI LO va-ta-KHA, el e-lo-HE-ha LO ka-RE-va

בלֹ֤א שָֽׁמְעָה֙ בְּק֔וֹל לֹ֥א לָקְחָ֖ה מוּסָ֑ר בַּֽיהֹוָה֙ לֹ֣א בָטָ֔חָה אֶל־אֱלֹהֶ֖יהָ לֹ֥א קָרֵֽבָה׃

3The officials within her Are roaring lions; Her judges are wolves of the steppe, They leave no bone until morning.

sa-RE-ha b'-kir-BAH a-ra-YOT sho-a-GIM sho-f'-TE-ha z'-a-VEI e-REV lo gor-MU la-BO-ker

גשָׂרֶ֣יהָ בְקִרְבָּ֔הּ אֲרָי֖וֹת שֹׁאֲגִ֑ים שֹׁפְטֶ֙יהָ֙ זְאֵ֣בֵי עֶ֔רֶב לֹ֥א גָרְמ֖וּ לַבֹּֽקֶר׃

4Her Neviim are reckless, Faithless fellows; Her Kohanim profane what is holy, They give perverse rulings.

n'-vi-E-ha po-KHA-zim an-SHEI bo-G'-dot ko-NEI-ha khil-l'-LU-ko-DAYSH kham-SU to-RAH

דנְבִיאֶ֙יהָ֙ פֹּֽחֲזִ֔ים אַנְשֵׁ֖י בֹּֽגְד֑וֹת כֹּהֲנֶ֙יהָ֙ חִלְּלוּ־קֹ֔דֶשׁ חָמְס֖וּ תּוֹרָֽה׃

5But Hashem in her midst is righteous, He does no wrong; He issues judgment every morning, As unfailing as the light. The wrongdoer knows no shame!

a-do-NAI tza-DEEK b'-kir-BAH, lo ya-a-SEH a-va-LAH, ba-BO-ker, ba-BO-ker, mish-PA-to yi-TEN la-OR, lo ne-DAR, v'-lo yo-DAY-a a-va-VAL bo-SHET

היְהֹוָ֤ה צַדִּיק֙ בְּקִרְבָּ֔הּ לֹ֥א יַעֲשֶׂ֖ה עַוְלָ֑ה בַּבֹּ֨קֶר בַּבֹּ֜קֶר מִשְׁפָּט֨וֹ יִתֵּ֤ן לָאוֹר֙ לֹ֣א נֶעְדָּ֔ר וְלֹא־יוֹדֵ֥עַ עַוָּ֖ל בֹּֽשֶׁת׃

6I wiped out nations: Their corner towers are desolate; I turned their thoroughfares into ruins, With none passing by; Their towns lie waste without people, Without inhabitants.

hi-k'-RA-tee go-YIM na-SHA-mu pi-NO-tam he-khe-RAV-tee khu-tzo-TAM mi-be-LEE o-VER nitz-DU a-RE-hem mi-be-LEE-eesh me-EEN yo-SHEV

והִכְרַ֣תִּי גוֹיִ֗ם נָשַׁ֙מּוּ֙ פִּנּוֹתָ֔ם הֶחֱרַ֥בְתִּי חוּצוֹתָ֖ם מִבְּלִ֣י עוֹבֵ֑ר נִצְדּ֧וּ עָרֵיהֶ֛ם מִבְּלִי־אִ֖ישׁ מֵאֵ֥ין יוֹשֵֽׁב׃

7And I thought that she would fear Me, Would learn a lesson, And that the punishment I brought on them Would not be lost on her. Instead, all the more eagerly They have practiced corruption in all their deeds.

a-MAR-tee akh-ti-RE-ee o-TI tikh-KHI mu-SAR v'-lo yi-ka-RET m'-o-NAH kol a-SHER pa-KAD-tee a-LE-ha a-KHEN hish-ki-MU hish-KHI-tu kol a-li-LO-tam

זאָמַ֜רְתִּי אַךְ־תִּֽירְאִ֤י אוֹתִי֙ תִּקְחִ֣י מוּסָ֔ר וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֣ת מְעוֹנָ֔הּ כֹּ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־פָּקַ֖דְתִּי עָלֶ֑יהָ אָכֵן֙ הִשְׁכִּ֣ימוּ הִשְׁחִ֔יתוּ כֹּ֖ל עֲלִילוֹתָֽם׃

8But wait for Me—says Hashem— For the day when I arise as an accuser; When I decide to gather nations, To bring kingdoms together, To pour out My indignation on them, All My blazing anger. Indeed, by the fire of My passion All the earth shall be consumed.

la-KHEN ha-KU-lEE, ne-UM a-do-NAI, l'-YOM ku-MEE l'-AD, KEE mish-PA-TEE le-e-SOF go-YIM, l'-ko-VETZI mam-la-KHOT, lish-POKH a-LE-hem za-AM-EE, kol kha-RON a-PEE, KEE b'-ESH kin-a-TEE, te-A-KHEL kol-ha-A-retz.

חלָכֵ֤ן חַכּוּ־לִי֙ נְאֻם־יְהֹוָ֔ה לְי֖וֹם קוּמִ֣י לְעַ֑ד כִּ֣י מִשְׁפָּטִי֩ לֶאֱסֹ֨ף גּוֹיִ֜ם לְקׇבְצִ֣י מַמְלָכ֗וֹת לִשְׁפֹּ֨ךְ עֲלֵיהֶ֤ם זַעְמִי֙ כֹּ֚ל חֲר֣וֹן אַפִּ֔י כִּ֚י בְּאֵ֣שׁ קִנְאָתִ֔י תֵּאָכֵ֖ל כׇּל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃

9For then I will make the peoples pure of speech, So that they all invoke Hashem by name And serve Him with one accord.

kee AZ eh-POKH el a-MEEM sa-FAH v'-ru-RAH lik-RO khu-LAM b-SHAYM a-do-NAI l'-ov-DO sh'-KHEM e-KHAD

טכִּֽי־אָ֛ז אֶהְפֹּ֥ךְ אֶל־עַמִּ֖ים שָׂפָ֣ה בְרוּרָ֑ה לִקְרֹ֤א כֻלָּם֙ בְּשֵׁ֣ם יְהֹוָ֔ה לְעׇבְד֖וֹ שְׁכֶ֥ם אֶחָֽד׃

 3:9  Pure of speech

The prophet describes how in the future, all the nations of the world will have ‘pure speech,’ safa b’rurah (שפה ברורה). Ibn Ezra, among other commentators, maintains that the pure speech that Tzefanya promises is the language of Hebrew, and that in future times the whole world will begin to learn Hebrew, the language of Creation. Biblical Hebrew is known as lashon hakodesh (לשון הקודש), ‘the holy language’. The Maharal (Deuteronomy 1:23) writes that each language reflects the essence of the nation who speaks it. Since the Jewish people are a holy people, they speak the holy language, and since it is holy and pure, it contains no vulgar or shameful words. The Ramban (Exodus 30:13) adds that what makes this language holy is that “it is the language with which God speaks with His prophets and His nation.” This verse is another incredible example of an obscure prophecy that has come to prominent fruition in our generation, as millions of people all over the world, both Jews and gentiles, are learning Hebrew in order to speak lashon hakodesh.

10From beyond the rivers of Cush, My suppliants Shall bring offerings to Me in Fair Puzai.

me-E-ver le-na-ha-rei-KUSH a-ta-RAI bat-pu-TZAI yo-vi-LUN min-cha-TAI

ימֵעֵ֖בֶר לְנַהֲרֵי־כ֑וּשׁ עֲתָרַי֙ בַּת־פּוּצַ֔י יוֹבִל֖וּן מִנְחָתִֽי׃

11In that day, You will no longer be shamed for all the deeds By which you have defied Me. For then I will remove The proud and exultant within you, And you will be haughty no more On My sacred mount.

ba-YOM ha-HU lo te-VO-shi mi-KOL a-li-LO-ta-YIKH a-SHER pa-sha-a-TET bi, KI-AZ a-SIR mi-kiR-BEKH a-li-ZEI ga-a-VA-teikh, v'-lo-to-SEE l'-go-v'-HAH OD b'-har kod-SHI

יאבַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא לֹ֤א תֵב֙וֹשִׁי֙ מִכֹּ֣ל עֲלִילֹתַ֔יִךְ אֲשֶׁ֥ר פָּשַׁ֖עַתְּ בִּ֑י כִּי־אָ֣ז ׀ אָסִ֣יר מִקִּרְבֵּ֗ךְ עַלִּיזֵי֙ גַּאֲוָתֵ֔ךְ וְלֹא־תוֹסִ֧פִי לְגׇבְהָ֛ה ע֖וֹד בְּהַ֥ר קׇדְשִֽׁי׃

12But I will leave within you A poor, humble folk, And they shall find refuge In the name of Hashem.

v'-hi-sha-RA-tee b'-kir-BEKH am a-NEE va-DAL va-KHA-su b'-SHEM a-do-NAI

יבוְהִשְׁאַרְתִּ֣י בְקִרְבֵּ֔ךְ עַ֥ם עָנִ֖י וָדָ֑ל וְחָס֖וּ בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהֹוָֽה׃

13The remnant of Yisrael Shall do no wrong And speak no falsehood; A deceitful tongue Shall not be in their mouths. Only such as these shall graze and lie down, With none to trouble them.

sh'-AY-reet yis-ra-AYL lo ya-a-SU a-va-LAH v'-lo y'-da-B'-RU ka-ZAV v'-lo yi-ma-TZE b'-fi-HEM l'-shon tar-MEET, kee-HEM yir-U v'-ra-VE-tzu v'-AYN ma-cha-REED.

יגשְׁאֵרִ֨ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל לֹֽא־יַעֲשׂ֤וּ עַוְלָה֙ וְלֹֽא־יְדַבְּר֣וּ כָזָ֔ב וְלֹֽא־יִמָּצֵ֥א בְּפִיהֶ֖ם לְשׁ֣וֹן תַּרְמִ֑ית כִּֽי־הֵ֛מָּה יִרְע֥וּ וְרָבְצ֖וּ וְאֵ֥ין מַחֲרִֽיד׃

14Shout for joy, Fair Tzion, Cry aloud, O Yisrael! Rejoice and be glad with all your heart, Fair Yerushalayim!

ra-NI bat-TZI-yon ha-RI-u yis-ra-AYL sim-KHI v'-o-LZI b'-kol-LEV bat ye-ru-sha-LA-im

ידרׇנִּי֙ בַּת־צִיּ֔וֹן הָרִ֖יעוּ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל שִׂמְחִ֤י וְעׇלְזִי֙ בְּכׇל־לֵ֔ב בַּ֖ת יְרוּשָׁלָֽ͏ִם׃

15Hashem has annulled the judgment against you, He has swept away your foes. Yisrael's Sovereign Hashem is within you; You need fear misfortune no more.

he-SEER a-do-NAI mish-pa-TA-yikh pi-NAH oy-VE-kh ME-lekh yis-ra-AYL a-do-NAI b'-kir-BEKH lo-ti-ri-EE ra OHD.

טוהֵסִ֤יר יְהֹוָה֙ מִשְׁפָּטַ֔יִךְ פִּנָּ֖ה אֹֽיְבֵ֑ךְ מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל ׀ יְהֹוָה֙ בְּקִרְבֵּ֔ךְ לֹא־תִֽירְאִ֥י רָ֖ע עֽוֹד׃

16In that day, This shall be said to Yerushalayim: Have no fear, O Tzion; Let not your hands droop!

ba-YOM ha-HU ye-a-MER li-ru-sha-LA-im al-ti-ra-I tsi-YON al-yir-PU ya-da-YIKH

טזבַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא יֵאָמֵ֥ר לִירֽוּשָׁלַ֖͏ִם אַל־תִּירָ֑אִי צִיּ֖וֹן אַל־יִרְפּ֥וּ יָדָֽיִךְ׃

17Your God Hashem is in your midst, A warrior who brings triumph. He will rejoice over you and be glad, He will shout over you with jubilation. He will soothe with His love

a-do-NAI e-lo-HA-yikh b'-kir-BAYKH gi-BOR yo-SHEE-a ya-SEES a-LA-yikh b'-sim-KHAH ya-kha-REESH b'-A-ha-va-TO ya-GIL a-LA-yikh b'-ri-NAH

יזיְהֹוָ֧ה אֱלֹהַ֛יִךְ בְּקִרְבֵּ֖ךְ גִּבּ֣וֹר יוֹשִׁ֑יעַ יָשִׂ֨ישׂ עָלַ֜יִךְ בְּשִׂמְחָ֗ה יַֽחֲרִישׁ֙ בְּאַ֣הֲבָת֔וֹ יָגִ֥יל עָלַ֖יִךְ בְּרִנָּֽה׃

 3:17  He will shout over you with jubilation. He will soothe with His love

Tzefanya describes the result of Hashem’s judgement in triumphant terms. Having removed evil from the world, He will allow the remnant of Israel to live safely in its land, knowing that God dwells among the People of Israel in the Land of Israel. Hashem himself will rejoice and sing when He sees His people dwelling in the land without fear of evil. The phrase yacharish b’ahavato (יחריש באהבתו), translated here as ‘He will soothe with His love,’ literally means that God ‘will be silent in His love.’ This wording intrigues many. Rashi suggest that the message behind these words is that in His love, Hashem will be silent even should Israel sin again. Sometimes, the greatest demonstration of love in a relationship is when one side can ignore the shortcomings of the other.

18Those long disconsolate. I will take away from you the woe Over which you endured mockery.

NU-gei mi-mo-EID a-SAFTI mi-MEKH ha-YU mas-ET a-LE-ha KHER-pa

יחנוּגֵ֧י מִמּוֹעֵ֛ד אָסַ֖פְתִּי מִמֵּ֣ךְ הָי֑וּ מַשְׂאֵ֥ת עָלֶ֖יהָ חֶרְפָּֽה׃

19At that time I will make [an end] Of all who afflicted you. And I will rescue the lame [sheep] And gather the strayed; And I will exchange their disgrace For fame and renown in all the earth.

hi-n'-NI o-SEH et-KOL me-a-NA-yikh ba-ET ha-HEE v'-ho-sha-TI et ha-tso-LE-a-HA v'-ha-ni-da-KHA a-ka-BETZ v'-sam-TEEM li-t'-hi-LAH u-l'-SHEM b'-KOL ha-A-retz b'-sh'-TAM

יטהִנְנִ֥י עֹשֶׂ֛ה אֶת־כׇּל־מְעַנַּ֖יִךְ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֑יא וְהוֹשַׁעְתִּ֣י אֶת־הַצֹּלֵעָ֗ה וְהַנִּדָּחָה֙ אֲקַבֵּ֔ץ וְשַׂמְתִּים֙ לִתְהִלָּ֣ה וּלְשֵׁ֔ם בְּכׇל־הָאָ֖רֶץ בׇּשְׁתָּֽם׃

20At that time I will gather you, And at [that] time I will bring you [home]; For I will make you renowned and famous Among all the peoples on earth, When I restore you fortunes Before their very eyes —said Hashem

ba-ET ha-HEE a-VEE et-KHEM u-va-ET ka-B'-tzi et-KHEM, kee e-TEYN et-KHEM l'-SHEM v'-li-t'-HI-lah b'-KOL a-MAY ha-A-retz, b'-SHU-vee et-she-vu-tay-KHEM l'-ay-NAY-khem, a-MAR a-do-NAI.

כבָּעֵ֤ת הַהִיא֙ אָבִ֣יא אֶתְכֶ֔ם וּבָעֵ֖ת קַבְּצִ֣י אֶתְכֶ֑ם כִּֽי־אֶתֵּ֨ן אֶתְכֶ֜ם לְשֵׁ֣ם וְלִתְהִלָּ֗ה בְּכֹל֙ עַמֵּ֣י הָאָ֔רֶץ בְּשׁוּבִ֧י אֶת־שְׁבוּתֵיכֶ֛ם לְעֵינֵיכֶ֖ם אָמַ֥ר יְהֹוָֽה׃