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Chapter 10

Translation and Transliteration of 

1Ha! Those who write out evil writs And compose iniquitous documents,

hoi ha-CHOK-k'-keem chik-KEI-a-VEN u-m'-ka-t'-VEEM a-MAL ki-TE-vu

אה֥וֹי הַחֹֽקְקִ֖ים חִקְקֵי־אָ֑וֶן וּֽמְכַתְּבִ֥ים עָמָ֖ל כִּתֵּֽבוּ׃

2To subvert the cause of the poor, To rob of their rights the needy of My people; That widows may be their spoil, And fatherless children their booty!

l'-ha-TOT mi-DIN da-LEEM v'-lig-ZOL mish-PAT a-nee-YAY a-MEE, lih-YOT al-ma-NOHT sh'-la-LAM v'-et y'-to-MEEM ya-BO-zu

בלְהַטּ֤וֹת מִדִּין֙ דַּלִּ֔ים וְלִגְזֹ֕ל מִשְׁפַּ֖ט עֲנִיֵּ֣י עַמִּ֑י לִֽהְי֤וֹת אַלְמָנוֹת֙ שְׁלָלָ֔ם וְאֶת־יְתוֹמִ֖ים יָבֹֽזּוּ׃

3What will you do on the day of punishment, When the calamity comes from afar? To whom will you flee for help, And how will you save your carcasses

u-ma-ta-a-SU l'-YOM p'-ku-DAH u-l'-sho-AH mi-MER-khakh ta-VO, al-MEE ta-NO-su l'-e-z'-RAH, v'-a-NAH ta-a-Z'-VU k'-vo-d'-KHEM

גוּמַֽה־תַּעֲשׂוּ֙ לְי֣וֹם פְּקֻדָּ֔ה וּלְשׁוֹאָ֖ה מִמֶּרְחָ֣ק תָּב֑וֹא עַל־מִי֙ תָּנ֣וּסוּ לְעֶזְרָ֔ה וְאָ֥נָה תַעַזְב֖וּ כְּבוֹדְכֶֽם׃

4From collapsing under [fellow] prisoners, From falling beneath the slain? Yet His anger has not turned back, And his arm is outstretched still.

bil-TI ka-RA t'-KHAT a-SIR v'-ta-KHAT ha-ru-GIM yi-po-LU b'-KOL-zot lo-SHAV a-PO v'-OD ya-DO ne-tu-YAH.

דבִּלְתִּ֤י כָרַע֙ תַּ֣חַת אַסִּ֔יר וְתַ֥חַת הֲרוּגִ֖ים יִפֹּ֑לוּ בְּכׇל־זֹאת֙ לֹא־שָׁ֣ב אַפּ֔וֹ וְע֖וֹד יָד֥וֹ נְטוּיָֽה׃

5Ha! Assyria, rod of My anger, In whose hand, as a staff, is My fury!

HOY a-SHUR SHAY-vet a-PEE u-ma-teh HU v'-ya-DAM za-MEE

הה֥וֹי אַשּׁ֖וּר שֵׁ֣בֶט אַפִּ֑י וּמַטֶּה־ה֥וּא בְיָדָ֖ם זַעְמִֽי׃

10:5   Assyria, rod of My anger

Ancient idol-worshippers believed that the fortunes of their countries were directly tied to the strength of their gods. Therefore, if another country was to conquer theirs, they would have no problem transferring their worship and loyalty to the invaders’ gods, as these were clearly stronger. Against that background, what Yeshayahu says to the people in this verse is quite revolutionary: Not only are the Assyrian gods non-existent, but Hashem Himself controls the Assyrians, and is using them as an instrument to punish Israel. Should the People of Israel return to God and practice justice and righteousness, however, Hashem will break the Assyrian yoke of oppression and punish the Assyrians for their arrogance. Yeshayahu’s eternal message to the Children of Israel is that God is always the cause of everything that occurs to them, and the nature of their fortune will be determined only on the basis of their record of adherence to His laws.

6I send him against an ungodly nation, I charge him against a people that provokes Me, To take its spoil and to seize its booty And to make it a thing trampled Like the mire of the streets.

b'-GOY kha-NEF a-sha-l'-KHE-nu, v'-al aM ev-ra-TEE a-tsa-VE-nu, l'-sh'-LOL sha-LAL v'-la-VOZ baz (u-l'-su-MO) [u-l'-su-MO] mir-MAS k'-KHO-mer khu-TZOT

ובְּג֤וֹי חָנֵף֙ אֲשַׁלְּחֶ֔נּוּ וְעַל־עַ֥ם עֶבְרָתִ֖י אֲצַוֶּ֑נּוּ לִשְׁלֹ֤ל שָׁלָל֙ וְלָבֹ֣ז בַּ֔ז (ולשימו) [וּלְשׂוּמ֥וֹ] מִרְמָ֖ס כְּחֹ֥מֶר חוּצֽוֹת׃

7But he has evil plans, His mind harbors evil designs; For he means to destroy, To wipe out nations, not a few.

v'-HU lo-KHEN y'-da-MEH u-l'-va-VO lo-KHEN ya-KH'-shov, KEE l'-hash-MEED bil-va-VO u-l'-hakh-REET go-YIM lo m'-AT

זוְהוּא֙ לֹא־כֵ֣ן יְדַמֶּ֔ה וּלְבָב֖וֹ לֹא־כֵ֣ן יַחְשֹׁ֑ב כִּ֚י לְהַשְׁמִ֣יד בִּלְבָב֔וֹ וּלְהַכְרִ֥ית גּוֹיִ֖ם לֹ֥א מְעָֽט׃

8For he thinks, “After all, I have kings as my captains!

ki yo-MAR ha-LO sa-RAI ya-kha-DAV me-la-KHIM

חכִּ֖י יֹאמַ֑ר הֲלֹ֥א שָׂרַ֛י יַחְדָּ֖ו מְלָכִֽים׃

9Was Calno any different from Carchemish? Or Hamath from Arpad? Or Shomron from Damascus?

ha-LO k'-kar-K'-MISH kal-NO im-lo k'-ar-PAD kha-MAT im-lo k'-da-ME-sek sho-M'-ron

טהֲלֹ֥א כְּכַרְכְּמִ֖ישׁ כַּלְנ֑וֹ אִם־לֹ֤א כְאַרְפַּד֙ חֲמָ֔ת אִם־לֹ֥א כְדַמֶּ֖שֶׂק שֹֽׁמְרֽוֹן׃

10Since I was able to seize The insignificant kingdoms, Whose images exceeded Yerushalayim's and Shomron's,

ka-a-SHER matz-AH ya-DEE l'-mam-l'-KHOT ha-e-LIL u-f'-si-LE-hem mi-ru-sha-LA-im u-mi-sho-M'-ron

יכַּֽאֲשֶׁר֙ מָצְאָ֣ה יָדִ֔י לְמַמְלְכֹ֖ת הָֽאֱלִ֑יל וּפְסִ֣ילֵיהֶ֔ם מִירוּשָׁלַ֖͏ִם וּמִשֹּׁמְרֽוֹן׃

11Shall I not do to Yerushalayim and her images What I did to Shomron and her idols?”

ha-LO ka-a-SHER a-SEE-tee l'-sho-M'-ron v'-le-e-lee-LE-ha KEN e-a-SEH li-ru-sha-LA-im v'-la-a-tza-BE-ha.

יאהֲלֹ֗א כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִׂ֛יתִי לְשֹׁמְר֖וֹן וְלֶאֱלִילֶ֑יהָ כֵּ֛ן אֶעֱשֶׂ֥ה לִירֽוּשָׁלַ֖͏ִם וְלַעֲצַבֶּֽיהָ׃

12But when my Lord has carried out all his purpose on Mount Tzion and in Yerushalayim, He will punish the majestic pride and overbearing arrogance of the king of Assyria.

v'-ha-YA ki-y'-va-TZA a-do-NAI et-KOL ma-a-SAY-hu b'-har tzi-YON u-vi-ru-sha-LA-im ef-KOD al p'-ri-go-DEL l'-VAV me-lekh a-SHUUR v'-al ti-f'-RET ruM a-YI-nav

יבוְהָיָ֗ה כִּֽי־יְבַצַּ֤ע אֲדֹנָי֙ אֶת־כׇּל־מַֽעֲשֵׂ֔הוּ בְּהַ֥ר צִיּ֖וֹן וּבִירוּשָׁלָ֑͏ִם אֶפְקֹ֗ד עַל־פְּרִֽי־גֹ֙דֶל֙ לְבַ֣ב מֶלֶךְ־אַשּׁ֔וּר וְעַל־תִּפְאֶ֖רֶת ר֥וּם עֵינָֽיו׃

13For he thought, “By the might of my hand have I wrought it, By my skill, for I am clever: I have erased the borders of peoples; I have plundered their treasures, And exiled their vast populations.

ki a-MAR b'-KHO-akh ya-DEE a-SEE-TEE u-v'-kho-KH'-ma-TEE ki ne-vu-no-TO-TEE v'-a-SEER g'-vu-LOT a-MEEM (v'-a-tee-DEY-HEM) [va-a-too-do-TAY-HEM] sho-SE-TEE v'-o-REED ka-a-BEER yo-sh'-VEEM

יגכִּ֣י אָמַ֗ר בְּכֹ֤חַ יָדִי֙ עָשִׂ֔יתִי וּבְחׇכְמָתִ֖י כִּ֣י נְבֻנ֑וֹתִי וְאָסִ֣יר ׀ גְּבוּלֹ֣ת עַמִּ֗ים (ועתידתיהם) [וַעֲתֽוּדֹתֵיהֶם֙] שׁוֹשֵׂ֔תִי וְאוֹרִ֥יד כַּאבִּ֖יר יֽוֹשְׁבִֽים׃

14I was able to seize, like a nest, The wealth of peoples; As one gathers abandoned eggs, So I gathered all the earth: Nothing so much as flapped a wing Or opened a mouth to peep.”

va-tim-TZA kakh-KEN ya-DEE l'-KHAYL ha-a-MEEM v'-ke-e-SOF b'-YAT-zeem a-zu-VOT kol ha-A-retz a-NEE a-saf-TEE v'-LO ha-YA no-DAYD ka-NAF u-fo-TZEH feh u-m'-tsaf-TZEFF

ידוַתִּמְצָ֨א כַקֵּ֤ן ׀ יָדִי֙ לְחֵ֣יל הָעַמִּ֔ים וְכֶֽאֱסֹף֙ בֵּיצִ֣ים עֲזֻב֔וֹת כׇּל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲנִ֣י אָסָ֑פְתִּי וְלֹ֤א הָיָה֙ נֹדֵ֣ד כָּנָ֔ף וּפֹצֶ֥ה פֶ֖ה וּמְצַפְצֵֽף׃

15Does an ax boast over him who hews with it, Or a saw magnify itself above him who wields it? As though the rod raised him who lifts it, As though the staff lifted the man!

ha-yit-pa-ER ha-gar-ZEN al ha-KHO-tzev BO, im yit-ga-DEL ha-ma-SOR al-me-NEE-FO, k'-ha-NEEF SHE-vet v'-et me-ree-MAV, k'-ha-REEM ma-TEH lo-ETZ.

טוהֲיִתְפָּאֵר֙ הַגַּרְזֶ֔ן עַ֖ל הַחֹצֵ֣ב בּ֑וֹ אִם־יִתְגַּדֵּ֤ל הַמַּשּׂוֹר֙ עַל־מְנִיפ֔וֹ כְּהָנִ֥יף שֵׁ֙בֶט֙ וְאֶת־מְרִימָ֔יו כְּהָרִ֥ים מַטֶּ֖ה לֹא־עֵֽץ׃

16Assuredly, The Sovereign LORD of Hosts will send A wasting away in its fatness; And under its body shall burn A burning like that of fire, Destroying frame and flesh. It shall be like a sick man who pines away.*

la-KHEN y'-sha-LAKH ha-a-DON a-do-NAI t'-va-OT b'-mish-ma-NAV ra-ZON, v'-ta-KHAT k'-vo-DO y'-KAD y'-KOD k'-KOD aysh

טזלָ֠כֵן יְשַׁלַּ֨ח הָֽאָד֜וֹן יְהֹוָ֧ה צְבָא֛וֹת בְּמִשְׁמַנָּ֖יו רָז֑וֹן וְתַ֧חַת כְּבֹד֛וֹ יֵקַ֥ד יְקֹ֖ד כִּיק֥וֹד אֵֽשׁ׃

17The Light of Yisrael will be fire And its Holy One flame. It will burn and consume its thorns And its thistles in a single day,

v'-ha-YA ohr yis-ra-AYL l'-ESH u-ke-do-SHO l'-le-HA-vah u-va-a-RAH v'-a-kh'-LAH shee-TO u-sh'-mi-RO b'-YOM e-KHAD

יזוְהָיָ֤ה אֽוֹר־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לְאֵ֔שׁ וּקְדוֹשׁ֖וֹ לְלֶהָבָ֑ה וּבָעֲרָ֗ה וְאָכְלָ֛ה שִׁית֥וֹ וּשְׁמִיר֖וֹ בְּי֥וֹם אֶחָֽד׃

18And the mass of its scrub and its farm land.

u-k'-VOD ya-a-RO v'-khar-mi-LO mi-NE-fesh v'-AD ba-SAR y'-kha-LEH v'-ha-YA ki-m'-SOS no-SAYS

יחוּכְב֤וֹד יַעְרוֹ֙ וְכַרְמִלּ֔וֹ מִנֶּ֥פֶשׁ וְעַד־בָּשָׂ֖ר יְכַלֶּ֑ה וְהָיָ֖ה כִּמְסֹ֥ס נֹסֵֽס׃

19What trees remain of its scrub Shall be so few that a boy may record them.

u-sh'-AR ETZ ya-a-RO mi-s'-PAR yi-h'-YU v'-na-AR yikh-t'-VEM. (s)

יטוּשְׁאָ֥ר עֵ֛ץ יַעְר֖וֹ מִסְפָּ֣ר יִהְי֑וּ וְנַ֖עַר יִכְתְּבֵֽם׃

20And in that day, The remnant of Yisrael And the escaped of the House of Yaakov Shall lean no more upon him that beats it, But shall lean sincerely On Hashem, the Holy One of Yisrael.

v'-ha-YAH ba-YOM ha-HU lo yo-SEEF she-AR yis-ra-AYL u-f'-LAY-tat bayt ya-a-KOV l'-hi-sha-EN al ma-KE-hu v'-nish-AEN al a-do-NAI k'-DOSH yis-ra-AYL b'-e-MET

כוְהָיָ֣ה ׀ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא לֹא־יוֹסִ֨יף ע֜וֹד שְׁאָ֤ר יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וּפְלֵיטַ֣ת בֵּֽית־יַעֲקֹ֔ב לְהִשָּׁעֵ֖ן עַל־מַכֵּ֑הוּ וְנִשְׁעַ֗ן עַל־יְהֹוָ֛ה קְד֥וֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בֶּאֱמֶֽת׃

21Only a remnant shall return, Only a remnant of Yaakov, To Mighty Hashem.

SH'-ar ya-SHUV SH'-ar ya-a-KOV el EL gi-BOR

כאשְׁאָ֥ר יָשׁ֖וּב שְׁאָ֣ר יַעֲקֹ֑ב אֶל־אֵ֖ל גִּבּֽוֹר׃

22Even if your people, O Yisrael, Should be as the sands of the sea, Only a remnant of it shall return. Destruction is decreed; Retribution comes like a flood!

ki im-yi-HE-yeh a-m'-KHA yis-ra-AYL k'-KHOHL ha-YAM, sh'-AR ya-SHUV BO, ki-LA-yon kha-RUTZ sho-TEF tze-da-KAH.

כבכִּ֣י אִם־יִהְיֶ֞ה עַמְּךָ֤ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ כְּח֣וֹל הַיָּ֔ם שְׁאָ֖ר יָשׁ֣וּב בּ֑וֹ כִּלָּי֥וֹן חָר֖וּץ שׁוֹטֵ֥ף צְדָקָֽה׃

23For my Lord God of Hosts is carrying out A decree of destruction upon all the land.

ki kha-LAH v'-ne-khe-RA-tzah a-do-NAI y'-ho-VAH t'-va-OT o-SEH b'-ke-REV kol ha-A-retz.

כגכִּ֥י כָלָ֖ה וְנֶחֱרָצָ֑ה אֲדֹנָ֤י יֱהֹוִה֙ צְבָא֔וֹת עֹשֶׂ֖ה בְּקֶ֥רֶב כׇּל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃

24Assuredly, thus said my Lord God of Hosts: “O My people that dwells in Tzion, have no fear of Assyria, who beats you with a rod and wields his staV over you as did the Egyptians.

la-KHEN ko-AM a-MAR a-do-NAI y'-ho-VA tz'-va-OT al ti-RA a-MEE yo-SHEV tzi-YON me-a-SHUUR ba-SHE-vet ya-KE-ka u-ma-TE-hu yi-SA-a-a-LE-kha b'-DE-rekh mitz-RA-yim

כדלָכֵ֗ן כֹּֽה־אָמַ֞ר אֲדֹנָ֤י יֱהֹוִה֙ צְבָא֔וֹת אַל־תִּירָ֥א עַמִּ֛י יֹשֵׁ֥ב צִיּ֖וֹן מֵאַשּׁ֑וּר בַּשֵּׁ֣בֶט יַכֶּ֔כָּה וּמַטֵּ֥הוּ יִשָּֽׂא־עָלֶ֖יךָ בְּדֶ֥רֶךְ מִצְרָֽיִם׃

25For very soon My wrath will have spent itself, and My anger that was bent on wasting them.”

ki-OD m'-a-at miz-AR, v'-ka-LAH za-AM, v'-a-PEE al-tav-lee-TAM

כהכִּי־ע֖וֹד מְעַ֣ט מִזְעָ֑ר וְכָ֣לָה זַ֔עַם וְאַפִּ֖י עַל־תַּבְלִיתָֽם׃

26The lord of Hosts will brandish a scourge over him as when He beat Midian at the Rock of Oreb, and will wield His staff as He did over the Egyptians by the sea.

v'-o-RAYR a-LAV a-do-NAI t'-va-OT SHOT k'-ma-KAT mid-YAN b'-TZUR o-RAYV u-ma-TE-hu al ha-YAM u-ne-SA-o b'-DE-rekh mitz-RA-yim

כווְעוֹרֵ֨ר עָלָ֜יו יְהֹוָ֤ה צְבָאוֹת֙ שׁ֔וֹט כְּמַכַּ֥ת מִדְיָ֖ן בְּצ֣וּר עוֹרֵ֑ב וּמַטֵּ֙הוּ֙ עַל־הַיָּ֔ם וּנְשָׂא֖וֹ בְּדֶ֥רֶךְ מִצְרָֽיִם׃

27And in that day, His burden shall drop from your back, And his yoke from your neck; The yoke shall be destroyed because of fatness.

v'-ha-YA ba-YOM ha-HU ya-SUR su-bo-LO may-AL shikh-ME-kha v'-u-LO may-AL tsa-va-RE-kha v'-khu-BAL ol mi-p'-NAY sha-MEN

כזוְהָיָ֣ה ׀ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא יָס֤וּר סֻבֳּלוֹ֙ מֵעַ֣ל שִׁכְמֶ֔ךָ וְעֻלּ֖וֹ מֵעַ֣ל צַוָּארֶ֑ךָ וְחֻבַּ֥ל עֹ֖ל מִפְּנֵי־שָֽׁמֶן׃

28He advanced upon Aiath, He proceeded to Migron, At Michmas he deposited his baggage.

ba AL-a-yat a-VAR b'-mi-G'-ron l'-mikh-MASH yaf-KID ke-LA-yav

כחבָּ֥א עַל־עַיַּ֖ת עָבַ֣ר בְּמִגְר֑וֹן לְמִכְמָ֖שׂ יַפְקִ֥יד כֵּלָֽיו׃

29They made the crossing; “Geba is to be our night quarters!” Rama was alarmed; Giva of Shaul took to flight.

a-VO-ru ma-BAR-ah GE-va ma-LON LA-nu kha-RE-da ha-ra-MA ga-BAT sha-UL na-SA

כטעָֽבְרוּ֙ מַעְבָּרָ֔ה גֶּ֖בַע מָל֣וֹן לָ֑נוּ חָֽרְדָה֙ הָרָמָ֔ה גִּבְעַ֥ת שָׁא֖וּל נָֽסָה׃

30“Give a shrill cry, O Bath-gallim! Hearken, Laishah! Take up the cry, Anatot!”

TZA-ha-LEE ko-LEKH bat-ga-LIM ha-K'-shi-VEE la-y'-SHA a-nee-YAH a-na-TOHT

לצַֽהֲלִ֥י קוֹלֵ֖ךְ בַּת־גַּלִּ֑ים הַקְשִׁ֥יבִי לַ֖יְשָׁה עֲנִיָּ֥ה עֲנָתֽוֹת׃

31Madmenah ran away; The dwellers of Gebim sought refuge.

na-DE-da MAD-m'-NA yo-SHE-vay ha-GE-vim he-i-ZU

לאנָֽדְדָ֖ה מַדְמֵנָ֑ה יֹשְׁבֵ֥י הַגֵּבִ֖ים הֵעִֽיזוּ׃

32This same day at Nov He shall stand and wave his hand. O mount of Fair Tzion! O hill of Yerushalayim!

OD ha-YOM b'-NOV la-a-MOD ye-NO-fef ya-DO ha-RA (BEIT) [BAT-]Tzi-YON gib-AHT ye-ru-sha-LA-im.

לבע֥וֹד הַיּ֖וֹם בְּנֹ֣ב לַעֲמֹ֑ד יְנֹפֵ֤ף יָדוֹ֙ הַ֣ר (בית) [בַּת־]צִיּ֔וֹן גִּבְעַ֖ת יְרֽוּשָׁלָֽ͏ִם׃

33Lo! The Sovereign LORD of Hosts Will hew off the tree-crowns with an ax: The tall ones shall be felled, The lofty ones cut down:

hi-NEH ha-a-DON a-do-NAI t'-va-OT m'-sa-EF pu-RAH b'-ma-a-RA-tzah v'-ra-MAY ha-ko-MAH g'-du-EEM v'-ha-g'-vo-HEEM yish-PA-lu

לגהִנֵּ֤ה הָאָדוֹן֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֔וֹת מְסָעֵ֥ף פֻּארָ֖ה בְּמַעֲרָצָ֑ה וְרָמֵ֤י הַקּוֹמָה֙ גְּדוּעִ֔ים וְהַגְּבֹהִ֖ים יִשְׁפָּֽלוּ׃

34The thickets of the forest shall be hacked away with iron, And the Lebanon trees shall fall in their majesty.

v'-ni-KAF si-v'-KHEI ha-ya-AR ba-bar-ZEL v'-ha-le-va-NON b'-a-DIR yi-POL.

לדוְנִקַּ֛ף סִֽבְכֵ֥י הַיַּ֖עַר בַּבַּרְזֶ֑ל וְהַלְּבָנ֖וֹן בְּאַדִּ֥יר יִפּֽוֹל׃