TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

II Samuel 12

1But Hashem was displeased with what David had done, 1 and Hashem sent Natan to David. He came to him and said, “There were two men in the same city, one rich and one poor.

אוַיִּשְׁלַח יְהֹוָה אֶת־נָתָן אֶל־דָּוִד וַיָּבֹא אֵלָיו וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ שְׁנֵי אֲנָשִׁים הָיוּ בְּעִיר אֶחָת אֶחָד עָשִׁיר וְאֶחָד רָאשׁ׃

2The rich man had very large flocks and herds,

בלְעָשִׁיר הָיָה צֹאן וּבָקָר הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד׃

3but the poor man had only one little ewe lamb that he had bought. He tended it and it grew up together with him and his children: it used to share his morsel of bread, drink from his cup, and nestle in his bosom; it was like a daughter to him.

גוְלָרָשׁ אֵין־כֹּל כִּי אִם־כִּבְשָׂה אַחַת קְטַנָּה אֲשֶׁר קָנָה וַיְחַיֶּהָ וַתִּגְדַּל עִמּוֹ וְעִם־בָּנָיו יַחְדָּו מִפִּתּוֹ תֹאכַל וּמִכֹּסוֹ תִשְׁתֶּה וּבְחֵיקוֹ תִשְׁכָּב וַתְּהִי־לוֹ כְּבַת׃

4One day, a traveler came to the rich man, but he was loath to take anything from his own flocks or herds to prepare a meal for the guest who had come to him; so he took the poor man's lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”

דוַיָּבֹא הֵלֶךְ לְאִישׁ הֶעָשִׁיר וַיַּחְמֹל לָקַחַת מִצֹּאנוֹ וּמִבְּקָרוֹ לַעֲשׂוֹת לָאֹרֵחַ הַבָּא־לוֹ וַיִּקַּח אֶת־כִּבְשַׂת הָאִישׁ הָרָאשׁ וַיַּעֲשֶׂהָ לָאִישׁ הַבָּא אֵלָיו׃

5David flew into a rage against the man, and said to Natan, “As Hashem lives, the man who did this deserves to die!

הוַיִּחַר־אַף דָּוִד בָּאִישׁ מְאֹד וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־נָתָן חַי־יְהֹוָה כִּי בֶן־מָוֶת הָאִישׁ הָעֹשֶׂה זֹאת׃

6He shall pay for the lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and showed no pity.”

ווְאֶת־הַכִּבְשָׂה יְשַׁלֵּם אַרְבַּעְתָּיִם עֵקֶב אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה וְעַל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־חָמָל׃

7And Natan said to David, “That man is you! Thus said Hashem, the God of Yisrael: ‘It was I who anointed you king over Yisrael and it was I who rescued you from the hand of Shaul.

זוַיֹּאמֶר נָתָן אֶל־דָּוִד אַתָּה הָאִישׁ כֹּה־אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אָנֹכִי מְשַׁחְתִּיךָ לְמֶלֶךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָנֹכִי הִצַּלְתִּיךָ מִיַּד שָׁאוּל׃

8I gave you your master's house and possession of your master's wives; and I gave you the House of Yisrael and Yehuda; and if that were not enough, I would give you twice as much more.

חוָאֶתְּנָה לְךָ אֶת־בֵּית אֲדֹנֶיךָ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁי אֲדֹנֶיךָ בְּחֵיקֶךָ וָאֶתְּנָה לְךָ אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוּדָה וְאִם־מְעָט וְאֹסִפָה לְּךָ כָּהֵנָּה וְכָהֵנָּה׃

9Why then have you flouted the command of Hashem and done what displeases Him? You have put Uriya the Hittite to the sword; you took his wife and made her your wife and had him killed by the sword of the Ammonites.

טמַדּוּעַ בָּזִיתָ אֶת־דְּבַר יְהֹוָה לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בעינו [בְּעֵינַי] אֵת אוּרִיָּה הַחִתִּי הִכִּיתָ בַחֶרֶב וְאֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ לָקַחְתָּ לְּךָ לְאִשָּׁה וְאֹתוֹ הָרַגְתָּ בְּחֶרֶב בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן׃

10Therefore the sword shall never depart from your House—because you spurned Me by taking the wife of Uriya the Hittite and making her your wife.'

יוְעַתָּה לֹא־תָסוּר חֶרֶב מִבֵּיתְךָ עַד־עוֹלָם עֵקֶב כִּי בְזִתָנִי וַתִּקַּח אֶת־אֵשֶׁת אוּרִיָּה הַחִתִּי לִהְיוֹת לְךָ לְאִשָּׁה׃

11Thus said Hashem: ‘I will make a calamity rise against you from within your own house; I will take your wives and give them to another man before your very eyes and he shall sleep with your wives under this very sun.

יאכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה הִנְנִי מֵקִים עָלֶיךָ רָעָה מִבֵּיתֶךָ וְלָקַחְתִּי אֶת־נָשֶׁיךָ לְעֵינֶיךָ וְנָתַתִּי לְרֵעֶיךָ וְשָׁכַב עִם־נָשֶׁיךָ לְעֵינֵי הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ הַזֹּאת׃

12You acted in secret, but I will make this happen in the sight of all Yisrael and in broad daylight.'”

יבכִּי אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ בַסָּתֶר וַאֲנִי אֶעֱשֶׂה אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה נֶגֶד כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְנֶגֶד הַשָּׁמֶשׁ׃

13David said to Natan, “I stand guilty before Hashem!” And Natan replied to David, “Hashem has remitted your sin; you shall not die.

יגוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל־נָתָן חָטָאתִי לַיהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר נָתָן אֶל־דָּוִד גַּם־יְהֹוָה הֶעֱבִיר חַטָּאתְךָ לֹא תָמוּת׃

14However, since you have spurned the enemies of Hashem by this deed, even the child about to be born to you shall die.”

ידאֶפֶס כִּי־נִאֵץ נִאַצְתָּ אֶת־אֹיְבֵי יְהֹוָה בַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה גַּם הַבֵּן הַיִּלּוֹד לְךָ מוֹת יָמוּת׃

15Natan went home, and Hashem afflicted the child that Uriya's wife had borne to David, and it became critically ill.

טווַיֵּלֶךְ נָתָן אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ וַיִּגֹּף יְהֹוָה אֶת־הַיֶּלֶד אֲשֶׁר יָלְדָה אֵשֶׁת־אוּרִיָּה לְדָוִד וַיֵּאָנַשׁ׃

16David entreated Hashem for the boy; David fasted, and he went in and spent the night lying on the ground.

טזוַיְבַקֵּשׁ דָּוִד אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים בְּעַד הַנָּעַר וַיָּצָם דָּוִד צוֹם וּבָא וְלָן וְשָׁכַב אָרְצָה׃

17The senior servants of his household tried to induce him to get up from the ground; but he refused, nor would he partake of food with them.

יזוַיָּקֻמוּ זִקְנֵי בֵיתוֹ עָלָיו לַהֲקִימוֹ מִן־הָאָרֶץ וְלֹא אָבָה וְלֹא־בָרָא אִתָּם לָחֶם׃

18On the seventh day the child died. David's servants were afraid to tell David that the child was dead; for they said, “We spoke to him when the child was alive and he wouldn't listen to us; how can we tell him that the child is dead? He might do something terrible.”

יחוַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי וַיָּמָת הַיָּלֶד וַיִּרְאוּ עַבְדֵי דָוִד לְהַגִּיד לוֹ כִּי־מֵת הַיֶּלֶד כִּי אָמְרוּ הִנֵּה בִהְיוֹת הַיֶּלֶד חַי דִּבַּרְנוּ אֵלָיו וְלֹא־שָׁמַע בְּקוֹלֵנוּ וְאֵיךְ נֹאמַר אֵלָיו מֵת הַיֶּלֶד וְעָשָׂה רָעָה׃

19When David saw his servants talking in whispers, David understood that the child was dead; David asked his servants, “Is the child dead?” “Yes,” they replied.

יטוַיַּרְא דָּוִד כִּי עֲבָדָיו מִתְלַחֲשִׁים וַיָּבֶן דָּוִד כִּי מֵת הַיָּלֶד וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל־עֲבָדָיו הֲמֵת הַיֶּלֶד וַיֹּאמְרוּ מֵת׃

20Thereupon David rose from the ground; he bathed and anointed himself, and he changed his clothes. He went into the House of Hashem and prostrated himself. Then he went home and asked for food, which they set before him, and he ate.

כוַיָּקָם דָּוִד מֵהָאָרֶץ וַיִּרְחַץ וַיָּסֶךְ וַיְחַלֵּף שמלתו [שִׂמְלֹתָיו] וַיָּבֹא בֵית־יְהֹוָה וַיִּשְׁתָּחוּ וַיָּבֹא אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ וַיִּשְׁאַל וַיָּשִׂימוּ לוֹ לֶחֶם וַיֹּאכַל׃

21His courtiers asked him, “Why have you acted in this manner? While the child was alive, you fasted and wept; but now that the child is dead, you rise and take food!”

כאוַיֹּאמְרוּ עֲבָדָיו אֵלָיו מָה־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָה בַּעֲבוּר הַיֶּלֶד חַי צַמְתָּ וַתֵּבְךְּ וְכַאֲשֶׁר מֵת הַיֶּלֶד קַמְתָּ וַתֹּאכַל לָחֶם׃

22He replied, “While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept because I thought: ‘Who knows? Hashem may have pity on me, and the child may live.'

כבוַיֹּאמֶר בְּעוֹד הַיֶּלֶד חַי צַמְתִּי וָאֶבְכֶּה כִּי אָמַרְתִּי מִי יוֹדֵעַ יחנני [וְחַנַּנִי] יְהֹוָה וְחַי הַיָּלֶד׃

23But now that he is dead, why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he will never come back to me.”

כגוְעַתָּה מֵת לָמָּה זֶּה אֲנִי צָם הַאוּכַל לַהֲשִׁיבוֹ עוֹד אֲנִי הֹלֵךְ אֵלָיו וְהוּא לֹא־יָשׁוּב אֵלָי׃

24David consoled his wife Batsheva; he went to her and lay with her. She bore a son and she named him Shlomo. Hashem favored him,

vai-na-KHAYM da-VID AYT bat SHE-va ish-TO va-ya-VO ay-LE-ha va-yish-KAV i-MAH va-TAY-led BAYN va-tik-RA et sh'-MO sh'-lo-MOH va-do-NAI a-hay-VO

כדוַיְנַחֵם דָּוִד אֵת בַּת־שֶׁבַע אִשְׁתּוֹ וַיָּבֹא אֵלֶיהָ וַיִּשְׁכַּב עִמָּהּ וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן ויקרא [וַתִּקְרָא] אֶת־שְׁמוֹ שְׁלֹמֹה וַיהֹוָה אֲהֵבוֹ׃

 12:24   She bore a son and she named him Shlomo

The Temple Mount, former location of the Beit Hamikdash, in Jerusalem.

King David repents for what he did, and he and Batsheva are blessed with a son. The son is known as Solomon, or in Hebrew, Shlomo (שלמה),which comes from the word shalom (שלום), ‘peace.’ Additionally, he is also called by the name Jedidiah, in Hebrew, Yedidya (ידידיה), meaning ‘beloved of God.’ Radak suggests that Hashem wants his name to be Shlomo, as he would be the next king of Israel, and during his rule God would bless him and the People of Israel with peace. But Shlomo is also called Yedidya, as he is truly the beloved of God. During his reign, the Nation of Israel achieves the greatest heights of peace in the Land of Israel, peace among the People of Israel, and service to Hashem in the Beit Hamikdash.

25and He sent a message through the Navi Natan; and he was named Jedidiah at the instance of Hashem.

כהוַיִּשְׁלַח בְּיַד נָתָן הַנָּבִיא וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמוֹ יְדִידְיָהּ בַּעֲבוּר יְהֹוָה׃

26Yoav attacked Rabbah of Ammon and captured the royal city.

כווַיִּלָּחֶם יוֹאָב בְּרַבַּת בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וַיִּלְכֹּד אֶת־עִיר הַמְּלוּכָה׃

27Yoav sent messengers to David and said, “I have attacked Rabbah and I have already captured the water city.

כזוַיִּשְׁלַח יוֹאָב מַלְאָכִים אֶל־דָּוִד וַיֹּאמֶר נִלְחַמְתִּי בְרַבָּה גַּם־לָכַדְתִּי אֶת־עִיר הַמָּיִם׃

28Now muster the rest of the troops and besiege the city and capture it; otherwise I will capture the city myself, and my name will be connected with it.”

כחוְעַתָּה אֱסֹף אֶת־יֶתֶר הָעָם וַחֲנֵה עַל־הָעִיר וְלָכְדָהּ פֶּן־אֶלְכֹּד אֲנִי אֶת־הָעִיר וְנִקְרָא שְׁמִי עָלֶיהָ׃

29David mustered all the troops and marched on Rabbah, and he attacked it and captured it.

כטוַיֶּאֱסֹף דָּוִד אֶת־כָּל־הָעָם וַיֵּלֶךְ רַבָּתָה וַיִּלָּחֶם בָּהּ וַיִּלְכְּדָהּ׃

30The crown was taken from the head of their king and it was placed on David's head—it weighed a kikar of gold, and [on it] were precious stones. He also carried off a vast amount of booty from the city.

לוַיִּקַּח אֶת־עֲטֶרֶת־מַלְכָּם מֵעַל רֹאשׁוֹ וּמִשְׁקָלָהּ כִּכַּר זָהָב וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה וַתְּהִי עַל־רֹאשׁ דָּוִד וּשְׁלַל הָעִיר הוֹצִיא הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד׃

31He led out the people who lived there and set them to work with saws, iron threshing boards, and iron axes, or assigned them to brickmaking; David did this to all the towns of Ammon. Then David and all the troops returned to Yerushalayim.

לאוְאֶת־הָעָם אֲשֶׁר־בָּהּ הוֹצִיא וַיָּשֶׂם בַּמְּגֵרָה וּבַחֲרִצֵי הַבַּרְזֶל וּבְמַגְזְרֹת הַבַּרְזֶל וְהֶעֱבִיר אוֹתָם במלכן [בַּמַּלְבֵּן] וְכֵן יַעֲשֶׂה לְכֹל עָרֵי בְנֵי־עַמּוֹן וַיָּשָׁב דָּוִד וְכָל־הָעָם יְרוּשָׁלִָם׃