TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

II Kings 21

1Menashe was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-five years in Yerushalayim; his mother's name was Hephzibah.

אבֶּן־שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מְנַשֶּׁה בְמָלְכוֹ וַחֲמִשִּׁים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ חֶפְצִי־בָהּ׃

2He did what was displeasing to Hashem, following the abhorrent practices of the nations that Hashem had dispossessed before the Israelites.

בוַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּתוֹעֲבֹת הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הוֹרִישׁ יְהֹוָה מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

3He rebuilt the shrines that his father Chizkiyahu had destroyed; he erected altars for Baal and made a sacred post, as King Achav of Yisrael had done. He bowed down to all the host of heaven and worshiped them,

גוַיָּשָׁב וַיִּבֶן אֶת־הַבָּמוֹת אֲשֶׁר אִבַּד חִזְקִיָּהוּ אָבִיו וַיָּקֶם מִזְבְּחֹת לַבַּעַל וַיַּעַשׂ אֲשֵׁרָה כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה אַחְאָב מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לְכָל־צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם וַיַּעֲבֹד אֹתָם׃

4and he built altars for them in the House of Hashem, of which Hashem had said, “I will establish My name in Yerushalayim.”

דוּבָנָה מִזְבְּחֹת בְּבֵית יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהֹוָה בִּירוּשָׁלִַם אָשִׂים אֶת־שְׁמִי׃

5He built altars for all the hosts of heaven in the two courts of the House of Hashem.

הוַיִּבֶן מִזְבְּחוֹת לְכָל־צְבָא הַשָּׁמָיִם בִּשְׁתֵּי חַצְרוֹת בֵּית־יְהֹוָה׃

6He consigned his son to the fire; he practiced soothsaying and divination, and consulted ghosts and familiar spirits; he did much that was displeasing to Hashem, to vex Him.

ווְהֶעֱבִיר אֶת־בְּנוֹ בָּאֵשׁ וְעוֹנֵן וְנִחֵשׁ וְעָשָׂה אוֹב וְיִדְּעֹנִים הִרְבָּה לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לְהַכְעִיס׃

7The sculptured image of Asherah that he made he placed in the House concerning which Hashem had said to David and to his son Shlomo, “In this House and in Yerushalayim, which I chose out of all the tribes of Yisrael, I will establish My name forever.

זוַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־פֶּסֶל הָאֲשֵׁרָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה בַּבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֶל־דָּוִד וְאֶל־שְׁלֹמֹה בְנוֹ בַּבַּיִת הַזֶּה וּבִירוּשָׁלִַם אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתִּי מִכֹּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אָשִׂים אֶת־שְׁמִי לְעוֹלָם׃

8And I will not again cause the feet of Yisrael to wander from the land that I gave to their fathers, if they will but faithfully observe all that I have commanded them—all the Teachings with which My servant Moshe charged them.”

v'-LO o-SEEF l'-ha-NEED RE-gel yis-ra-AYL min ha-a-da-MAH a-SHER na-TA-tee la-a-vo-TAM RAK im yish-m'-RU la-a-SOT k'-KHOL a-SHER tzi-vee-TEEM UL-khol ha-to-RAH a-sher tzi-VAH o-TAM av-DEE mo-SHEH

חוְלֹא אֹסִיף לְהָנִיד רֶגֶל יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לַאֲבוֹתָם רַק אִם־יִשְׁמְרוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִים וּלְכָל־הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה אֹתָם עַבְדִּי מֹשֶׁה׃

 21:8   If they will but faithfully observe all that I have commanded them

Menashe is the epitome of an evil king. He engages in the worst kinds of idolatry and commits countless acts of murder, influencing the rest of the nation to follow his evil ways. As a result of Menashe’s sins, Hashem determines that He will exile the Children of Israel. Though Eretz Yisrael is an eternal inheritance of the Children of Israel, living in the land depends upon the observance of God’s commandments. The Land of Israel is considered to be “the Palace of the King,” and the laws of the King of Kings must be followed. Today’s State of Israel invests tremendous resources in order to fully facilitate religious life. The Israeli government spends great sums on religious services, such as synagogues and schools, so that the Children of Israel can obey all of Hashem’s commandments. This has resulted in the flourishing of religious life throughout Eretz Yisrael at levels not seen in millennia.

9But they did not obey, and Menashe led them astray to do greater evil than the nations that Hashem had destroyed before the Israelites.

טוְלֹא שָׁמֵעוּ וַיַּתְעֵם מְנַשֶּׁה לַעֲשׂוֹת אֶת־הָרָע מִן־הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִשְׁמִיד יְהֹוָה מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

10Therefore Hashem spoke through His servants the Neviim:

יוַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה בְּיַד־עֲבָדָיו הַנְּבִיאִים לֵאמֹר׃

11“Because King Menashe of Yehuda has done these abhorrent things—he has outdone in wickedness all that the Amorites did before his time—and because he led Yehuda to sin with his fetishes,

יאיַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה מְנַשֶּׁה מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה הַתֹּעֵבוֹת הָאֵלֶּה הֵרַע מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־עָשׂוּ הָאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר לְפָנָיו וַיַּחֲטִא גַם־אֶת־יְהוּדָה בְּגִלּוּלָיו׃

12assuredly, thus said Hashem, the God of Yisrael: I am going to bring such a disaster on Yerushalayim and Yehuda that both ears of everyone who hears about it will tingle.

יבלָכֵן כֹּה־אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הִנְנִי מֵבִיא רָעָה עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִַם וִיהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר כָּל־שמעיו [שֹׁמְעָהּ] תִּצַּלְנָה שְׁתֵּי אָזְנָיו׃

13I will apply to Yerushalayim the measuring line of Shomron and the weights of the House of Achav; I will wipe Yerushalayim clean as one wipes a dish and turns it upside down.

יגוְנָטִיתִי עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִַם אֵת קָו שֹׁמְרוֹן וְאֶת־מִשְׁקֹלֶת בֵּית אַחְאָב וּמָחִיתִי אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַם כַּאֲשֶׁר־יִמְחֶה אֶת־הַצַּלַּחַת מָחָה וְהָפַךְ עַל־פָּנֶיהָ׃

14And I will cast off the remnant of My own people and deliver them into the hands of their enemies. They shall be plunder and prey to all their enemies

ידוְנָטַשְׁתִּי אֵת שְׁאֵרִית נַחֲלָתִי וּנְתַתִּים בְּיַד אֹיְבֵיהֶם וְהָיוּ לְבַז וְלִמְשִׁסָּה לְכָל־אֹיְבֵיהֶם׃

15because they have done what is displeasing to Me and have been vexing Me from the day that their fathers came out of Egypt to this day.”

טויַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ אֶת־הָרַע בְּעֵינַי וַיִּהְיוּ מַכְעִסִים אֹתִי מִן־הַיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר יָצְאוּ אֲבוֹתָם מִמִּצְרַיִם וְעַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃

16Moreover, Menashe put so many innocent persons to death that he filled Yerushalayim [with blood] from end to end—besides the sin he committed in causing Yehuda to do what was displeasing to Hashem.

טזוְגַם דָּם נָקִי שָׁפַךְ מְנַשֶּׁה הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד עַד אֲשֶׁר־מִלֵּא אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַם פֶּה לָפֶה לְבַד מֵחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת־יְהוּדָה לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה׃

17The other events of Menashe's reign, and all his actions, and the sins he committed, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Yehuda.

יזוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי מְנַשֶּׁה וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא הֲלֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה׃

18Menashe slept with his fathers and was buried in the garden of his palace, in the garden of Uzza; and his son Amon succeeded him as king.

יחוַיִּשְׁכַּב מְנַשֶּׁה עִם־אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּגַן־בֵּיתוֹ בְּגַן־עֻזָּא וַיִּמְלֹךְ אָמוֹן בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃

19Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned two years in Yerushalayim; his mother's name was Meshullemeth daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

יטבֶּן־עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁתַּיִם שָׁנָה אָמוֹן בְּמָלְכוֹ וּשְׁתַּיִם שָׁנִים מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ מְשֻׁלֶּמֶת בַּת־חָרוּץ מִן־יָטְבָה׃

20He did what was displeasing to Hashem, as his father Menashe had done.

כוַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה מְנַשֶּׁה אָבִיו׃

21He walked in all the ways of his father, worshiping the fetishes which his father had worshiped and bowing down to them.

כאוַיֵּלֶךְ בְּכָל־הַדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר־הָלַךְ אָבִיו וַיַּעֲבֹד אֶת־הַגִּלֻּלִים אֲשֶׁר עָבַד אָבִיו וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לָהֶם׃

22He forsook Hashem, the God of his fathers, and did not follow the way of Hashem.

כבוַיַּעֲזֹב אֶת־יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבֹתָיו וְלֹא הָלַךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ יְהֹוָה׃

23Amon's courtiers conspired against him; and they killed the king in his palace.

כגוַיִּקְשְׁרוּ עַבְדֵי־אָמוֹן עָלָיו וַיָּמִיתוּ אֶת־הַמֶּלֶךְ בְּבֵיתוֹ׃

24But the people of the land put to death all who had conspired against King Amon, and the people of the land made his son Yoshiyahu king in his stead.

כדוַיַּךְ עַם־הָאָרֶץ אֵת כָּל־הַקֹּשְׁרִים עַל־הַמֶּלֶךְ אָמוֹן וַיַּמְלִיכוּ עַם־הָאָרֶץ אֶת־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃

25The other events of Amon's reign [and] his actions are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Yehuda.

כהוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי אָמוֹן אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה הֲלֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה׃

26He was buried in his tomb in the garden of Uzza; and his son Yoshiyahu succeeded him as king.

כווַיִּקְבֹּר אֹתוֹ בִּקְבֻרָתוֹ בְּגַן־עֻזָּא וַיִּמְלֹךְ יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃