TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

II Kings 14

1In the second year of King Yoash son of Joahaz of Yisrael, Amatzya son of King Yoash of Yehuda became king.

אבִּשְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם לְיוֹאָשׁ בֶּן־יוֹאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל מָלַךְ אֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן־יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה׃

2He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Yerushalayim; his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Yerushalayim.

בבֶּן־עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה הָיָה בְמָלְכוֹ וְעֶשְׂרִים וָתֵשַׁע שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ יהועדין [יְהוֹעַדָּן] מִן־יְרוּשָׁלִָם׃

3He did what was pleasing to Hashem, but not like his ancestor David; he did just as his father Yoash had done.

גוַיַּעַשׂ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה רַק לֹא כְּדָוִד אָבִיו כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה יוֹאָשׁ אָבִיו עָשָׂה׃

4However, the shrines were not removed; the people continued to sacrifice and make offerings at the shrines.

דרַק הַבָּמוֹת לֹא־סָרוּ עוֹד הָעָם מְזַבְּחִים וּמְקַטְּרִים בַּבָּמוֹת׃

5Once he had the kingdom firmly in his grasp, he put to death the courtiers who had assassinated his father the king.

הוַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר חָזְקָה הַמַּמְלָכָה בְּיָדוֹ וַיַּךְ אֶת־עֲבָדָיו הַמַּכִּים אֶת־הַמֶּלֶךְ אָבִיו׃

6But he did not put to death the children of the assassins, in accordance with what is written in the Book of the Teaching of Moshe, where Hashem commanded, “Parents shall not be put to death for children, nor children be put to death for parents; a person shall be put to death only for his own crime.”

ווְאֶת־בְּנֵי הַמַּכִּים לֹא הֵמִית כַּכָּתוּב בְּסֵפֶר תּוֹרַת־מֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה יְהֹוָה לֵאמֹר לֹא־יוּמְתוּ אָבוֹת עַל־בָּנִים וּבָנִים לֹא־יוּמְתוּ עַל־אָבוֹת כִּי אִם־אִישׁ בְּחֶטְאוֹ ימות [יוּמָת׃]

7He defeated ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt, and he captured Sela in battle and renamed it Joktheel, as is still the case.

זהוּא־הִכָּה אֶת־אֱדוֹם בְּגֵיא־המלח [מֶלַח] עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים וְתָפַשׂ אֶת־הַסֶּלַע בַּמִּלְחָמָה וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמָהּ יָקְתְאֵל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃

8Then Amatzya sent envoys to King Yehoash son of Yehoachaz son of Yehu of Yisrael, with this message: “Come, let us confront each other.”

חאָז שָׁלַח אֲמַצְיָה מַלְאָכִים אֶל־יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן־יְהוֹאָחָז בֶּן־יֵהוּא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר לְכָה נִתְרָאֶה פָנִים׃

9King Yehoash of Yisrael sent back this message to King Amatzya of Yehuda: “The thistle in Lebanon sent this message to the cedar in Lebanon, ‘Give your daughter to my son in marriage.' But a wild beast in Lebanon went by and trampled down the thistle.

טוַיִּשְׁלַח יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה לֵאמֹר הַחוֹחַ אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן שָׁלַח אֶל־הָאֶרֶז אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן לֵאמֹר תְּנָה־אֶת־בִּתְּךָ לִבְנִי לְאִשָּׁה וַתַּעֲבֹר חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן וַתִּרְמֹס אֶת־הַחוֹחַ׃

10Because you have defeated Edom, you have become arrogant. Stay home and enjoy your glory, rather than provoke disaster and fall, dragging Yehuda down with you.”

יהַכֵּה הִכִּיתָ אֶת־אֱדוֹם וּנְשָׂאֲךָ לִבֶּךָ הִכָּבֵד וְשֵׁב בְּבֵיתֶךָ וְלָמָּה תִתְגָּרֶה בְּרָעָה וְנָפַלְתָּה אַתָּה וִיהוּדָה עִמָּךְ׃

11But Amatzya paid no heed; so King Yehoash of Yisrael advanced, and he and King Amatzya of Yehuda confronted each other at Beit Shemesh in Yehuda.

יאוְלֹא־שָׁמַע אֲמַצְיָהוּ וַיַּעַל יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתְרָאוּ פָנִים הוּא וַאֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה בְּבֵית שֶׁמֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר לִיהוּדָה׃

12The Judites were routed by Yisrael, and they all fled to their homes.

יבוַיִּנָּגֶף יְהוּדָה לִפְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּנֻסוּ אִישׁ לאהלו [לְאֹהָלָיו׃]

13King Yehoash of Yisrael captured King Amatzya son of Yehoash son of Achazyahu of Yehuda at Beit Shemesh. He marched on Yerushalayim, and he made a breach of four hundred amot in the wall of Yerushalayim, from the Efraim Gate to the Corner Gate.

יגוְאֵת אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה בֶּן־יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן־אֲחַזְיָהוּ תָּפַשׂ יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּבֵית שָׁמֶשׁ ויבאו [וַיָּבֹא] יְרוּשָׁלִַם וַיִּפְרֹץ בְּחוֹמַת יְרוּשָׁלִַם בְּשַׁעַר אֶפְרַיִם עַד־שַׁעַר הַפִּנָּה אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אַמָּה׃

14He carried off all the gold and silver and all the vessels that there were in the House of Hashem and in the treasuries of the royal palace, as well as hostages; and he returned to Shomron.

ידוְלָקַח אֶת־כָּל־הַזָּהָב־וְהַכֶּסֶף וְאֵת כָּל־הַכֵּלִים הַנִּמְצְאִים בֵּית־יְהֹוָה וּבְאֹצְרוֹת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֵת בְּנֵי הַתַּעֲרֻבוֹת וַיָּשָׁב שֹׁמְרוֹנָה׃

15The other events of Yehoash's reign, and all his actions and exploits, and his war with King Amatzya of Yehuda, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Yisrael.

טווְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹאָשׁ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ וַאֲשֶׁר נִלְחַם עִם אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה הֲלֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

16Yehoash slept with his fathers, and was buried in Shomron with the kings of Yisrael; his son Yerovam succeeded him as king.

טזוַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹאָשׁ עִם־אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ יָרָבְעָם בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃

17King Amatzya son of Yoash of Yehuda lived fifteen years after the death of King Yehoash son of Yehoachaz of Yisrael.

יזוַיְחִי אֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן־יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי מוֹת יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן־יְהוֹאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה׃

18The other events of Amatzya's reign are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Yehuda.

יחוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי אֲמַצְיָהוּ הֲלֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה׃

19A conspiracy was formed against him in Yerushalayim and he fled to Lachish; but they sent men after him to Lachish, and they killed him there.

יטוַיִּקְשְׁרוּ עָלָיו קֶשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלִַם וַיָּנָס לָכִישָׁה וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ אַחֲרָיו לָכִישָׁה וַיְמִתֻהוּ שָׁם׃

20They brought back his body on horses, and he was buried with his fathers in Yerushalayim, in the City of David.

כוַיִּשְׂאוּ אֹתוֹ עַל־הַסּוּסִים וַיִּקָּבֵר בִּירוּשָׁלִַם עִם־אֲבֹתָיו בְּעִיר דָּוִד׃

21Then all the people of Yehuda took Azarya, who was sixteen years old, and proclaimed him king to succeed his father Amatzya.

כאוַיִּקְחוּ כָּל־עַם יְהוּדָה אֶת־עֲזַרְיָה וְהוּא בֶּן־שֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה וַיַּמְלִכוּ אֹתוֹ תַּחַת אָבִיו אֲמַצְיָהוּ׃

22It was he who rebuilt Eilat and restored it to Yehuda, after King [Amatzya] slept with his fathers.

כבהוּא בָּנָה אֶת־אֵילַת וַיְשִׁבֶהָ לִיהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי שְׁכַב־הַמֶּלֶךְ עִם־אֲבֹתָיו׃

23In the fifteenth year of King Amatzya son of Yoash of Yehuda, King Yerovam son of Yoash of Yisrael became king in Shomron—for forty-one years.

כגבִּשְׁנַת חֲמֵשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לַאֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן־יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ יָרָבְעָם בֶּן־יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן אַרְבָּעִים וְאַחַת שָׁנָה׃

24He did what was displeasing to Hashem; he did not depart from all the sins that Yerovam son of Nebat had caused Yisrael to commit.

כדוַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לֹא סָר מִכָּל־חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן־נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

25It was he who restored the territory of Yisrael from Lebo-hamath to the sea of the Arabah, in accordance with the promise that Hashem, the God of Yisrael, had made through His servant, the Navi Yona son of Amitai from Gath-hepher.

HU hay-SHEEV et g'-VUL yis-ra-AYL mi-l'-VO kha-MAT ad YAM ha-a-ra-VAH kid-VAR a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY yis-ra-AYL a-SHER di-BER b'-yad av-DO yo-NAH ven a-mi-TAI ha-na-VEE a-SHER mi-GAT ha-KHAY-fer

כההוּא הֵשִׁיב אֶת־גְּבוּל יִשְׂרָאֵל מִלְּבוֹא חֲמָת עַד־יָם הָעֲרָבָה כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד־עַבְדּוֹ יוֹנָה בֶן־אֲמִתַּי הַנָּבִיא אֲשֶׁר מִגַּת הַחֵפֶר׃

 14:25   Had made through His servant, the Navi Yona son of Amittai 

Rashi (1040-1105)

The prophet Yona mentioned here is the same prophet we learn about in Sefer Yona, who runs away to avoid traveling to the large Assyrian city Nineveh to deliver Hashem’s word. Rashi suggests that Yona is afraid that Nineveh will obey God’s word, in contrast to the People of Israel who had not done so. This would look bad for the Children of Israel and give God even more reason to punish them. Therefore, Yona decides the only way to protect the Israelites is to flee by boat from the Land of Israel, so that he would no longer have to deliver the prophecy to Nineveh. But he ultimately learns that one can flee neither Hashem nor His commandments, and returns to fulfill his mission.

26For Hashem saw the very bitter plight of Yisrael, with neither bond nor free left, and with none to help Yisrael.

כוכִּי־רָאָה יְהֹוָה אֶת־עֳנִי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֹרֶה מְאֹד וְאֶפֶס עָצוּר וְאֶפֶס עָזוּב וְאֵין עֹזֵר לְיִשְׂרָאֵל׃

27And Hashem resolved not to blot out the name of Yisrael from under heaven; and he delivered them through Yerovam son of Yoash.

כזוְלֹא־דִבֶּר יְהֹוָה לִמְחוֹת אֶת־שֵׁם יִשְׂרָאֵל מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם וַיּוֹשִׁיעֵם בְּיַד יָרָבְעָם בֶּן־יוֹאָשׁ׃

28The other events of Yerovam's reign, and all his actions and exploits, how he fought and recovered Damascus and Hamath for Yehuda in Yisrael, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Yisrael.

כחוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יָרָבְעָם וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־נִלְחָם וַאֲשֶׁר הֵשִׁיב אֶת־דַּמֶּשֶׂק וְאֶת־חֲמָת לִיהוּדָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל הֲלֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

29Yerovam slept with his fathers, the kings of Yisrael, and his son Zecharya succeeded him as king.

כטוַיִּשְׁכַּב יָרָבְעָם עִם־אֲבֹתָיו עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ זְכַרְיָה בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃