TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

I Chronicles 7

1The sons of Yissachar: Tola, Puah, Yashuv, and Shimron—four.

אוְלִבְנֵי יִשָׂשכָר תּוֹלָע וּפוּאָה ישיב [יָשׁוּב] וְשִׁמְרוֹן אַרְבָּעָה׃

2The sons of Tola: Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam, Shemuel, chiefs of their clans, men of substance according to their lines; their number in the days of David was 22,600.

בוּבְנֵי תוֹלָע עֻזִּי וּרְפָיָה וִירִיאֵל וְיַחְמַי וְיִבְשָׂם וּשְׁמוּאֵל רָאשִׁים לְבֵית־אֲבוֹתָם לְתוֹלָע גִּבּוֹרֵי חַיִל לְתֹלְדוֹתָם מִסְפָּרָם בִּימֵי דָוִיד עֶשְׂרִים־וּשְׁנַיִם אֶלֶף וְשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת׃

3The sons of Uzzi: Izrahiah. And the sons of Izrahiah: Michael, Ovadya, Yoel, and Isshiah—five. All of them were chiefs.

גוּבְנֵי עֻזִּי יִזְרַחְיָה וּבְנֵי יִזְרַחְיָה מִיכָאֵל וְעֹבַדְיָה וְיוֹאֵל יִשִּׁיָּה חֲמִשָּׁה רָאשִׁים כֻּלָּם׃

4And together with them, by their lines, according to their clans, were units of the fighting force, 36,000, for they had many wives and sons.

דוַעֲלֵיהֶם לְתֹלְדוֹתָם לְבֵית אֲבוֹתָם גְּדוּדֵי צְבָא מִלְחָמָה שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשִׁשָּׁה אָלֶף כִּי־הִרְבּוּ נָשִׁים וּבָנִים׃

5Their kinsmen belonging to all the families of Yissachar were in all 87,000 men of substance; they were all registered by genealogy.

הוַאֲחֵיהֶם לְכֹל מִשְׁפְּחוֹת יִשָׂשכָר גִּבּוֹרֵי חֲיָלִים שְׁמוֹנִים וְשִׁבְעָה אֶלֶף הִתְיַחְשָׂם לַכֹּל׃

6[The sons of] Binyamin: Bela, Becher, and Jediael—three.

ובִּנְיָמִן בֶּלַע וָבֶכֶר וִידִיעֲאֵל שְׁלֹשָׁה׃

7The sons of Bela: Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth, and Iri—five, chiefs of clans, men of substance, registered by genealogy—22,034.

זוּבְנֵי בֶלַע אֶצְבּוֹן וְעֻזִּי וְעֻזִּיאֵל וִירִימוֹת וְעִירִי חֲמִשָּׁה רָאשֵׁי בֵּית אָבוֹת גִּבּוֹרֵי חֲיָלִים וְהִתְיַחְשָׂם עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנַיִם אֶלֶף וּשְׁלֹשִׁים וְאַרְבָּעָה׃

8The sons of Becher: Zemirah, Yoash, Eliezer, Elioenai, Omri, Jeremoth, Aviya, Anatot, and Alemeth. All these were the sons of Becher;

חוּבְנֵי בֶכֶר זְמִירָה וְיוֹעָשׁ וֶאֱלִיעֶזֶר וְאֶלְיוֹעֵינַי וְעָמְרִי וִירֵמוֹת וַאֲבִיָּה וַעֲנָתוֹת וְעָלָמֶת כָּל־אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי־בָכֶר׃

9and they were registered by genealogy according to their lines, as chiefs of their clans, men of substance—20,200.

טוְהִתְיַחְשָׂם לְתֹלְדוֹתָם רָאשֵׁי בֵּית אֲבוֹתָם גִּבּוֹרֵי חָיִל עֶשְׂרִים אֶלֶף וּמָאתָיִם׃

10The sons of Jediael: Bilhan. And the sons of Bilhan: Jeush, Binyamin, Ehud, Chenaanah, Zethan, Tarshish, and Ahishahar.

יוּבְנֵי יְדִיעֲאֵל בִּלְהָן וּבְנֵי בִלְהָן יעיש [יְעוּשׁ] וּבִנְיָמִן וְאֵהוּד וּכְנַעֲנָה וְזֵיתָן וְתַרְשִׁישׁ וַאֲחִישָׁחַר׃

11All these were the sons of Jediael, chiefs of the clans, men of substance—17,200, who made up the fighting force.

יאכָּל־אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי יְדִיעֲאֵל לְרָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת גִּבּוֹרֵי חֲיָלִים שִׁבְעָה־עָשָׂר אֶלֶף וּמָאתַיִם יֹצְאֵי צָבָא לַמִּלְחָמָה׃

12And Shuppim and Huppim were the sons of Ir; Hushim the sons of Aher.

יבוְשֻׁפִּם וְחֻפִּם בְּנֵי עִיר חֻשִׁם בְּנֵי אַחֵר׃

13The sons of Naftali: Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shalum, the descendants of Bilha.

יגבְּנֵי נַפְתָּלִי יַחֲצִיאֵל וְגוּנִי וְיֵצֶר וְשַׁלּוּם בְּנֵי בִלְהָה׃

14The sons of Menashe: Asriel, whom his Aramean concubine bore; she bore Machir the father of Gilad.

ידבְּנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה אַשְׂרִיאֵל אֲשֶׁר יָלָדָה פִּילַגְשׁוֹ הָאֲרַמִּיָּה יָלְדָה אֶת־מָכִיר אֲבִי גִלְעָד׃

15And Machir took wives for Huppim and for Shuppim. The name of his sister was Maacah. And the name of the second was Tzelofchad; and Tzelofchad had daughters.

טווּמָכִיר לָקַח אִשָּׁה לְחֻפִּים וּלְשֻׁפִּים וְשֵׁם אֲחֹתוֹ מַעֲכָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִי צְלָפְחָד וַתִּהְיֶנָה לִצְלָפְחָד בָּנוֹת׃

16And Maacah the wife of Machir bore a son, and she named him Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh; and his sons were Ulam and Rekem.

טזוַתֵּלֶד מַעֲכָה אֵשֶׁת־מָכִיר בֵּן וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ פֶּרֶשׁ וְשֵׁם אָחִיו שָׁרֶשׁ וּבָנָיו אוּלָם וָרָקֶם׃

17The sons of Ulam: Bedan. These were the sons of Gilad son of Machir son of Menashe.

יזוּבְנֵי אוּלָם בְּדָן אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי גִלְעָד בֶּן־מָכִיר בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁה׃

18And his sister Hammolecheth bore Ishhod, Abiezer, and Machla.

יחוַאֲחֹתוֹ הַמֹּלֶכֶת יָלְדָה אֶת־אִישְׁהוֹד וְאֶת־אֲבִיעֶזֶר וְאֶת־מַחְלָה׃

19The sons of Shemida were Ahian, Shechem, Likhi, and Aniam.

יטוַיִּהְיוּ בְּנֵי שְׁמִידָע אַחְיָן וָשֶׁכֶם וְלִקְחִי וַאֲנִיעָם׃

20The sons of Efraim: Shuthelah, his son Bered, his son Tahath, his son Eleadah, his son Tahath,

כוּבְנֵי אֶפְרַיִם שׁוּתָלַח וּבֶרֶד בְּנוֹ וְתַחַת בְּנוֹ וְאֶלְעָדָה בְנוֹ וְתַחַת בְּנוֹ׃

21his son Zabad, his son Shuthelah, also Ezer and Elead. The men of Gath, born in the land, killed them because they had gone down to take their cattle.

כאוְזָבָד בְּנוֹ וְשׁוּתֶלַח בְּנוֹ וְעֵזֶר וְאֶלְעָד וַהֲרָגוּם אַנְשֵׁי־גַת הַנּוֹלָדִים בָּאָרֶץ כִּי יָרְדוּ לָקַחַת אֶת־מִקְנֵיהֶם׃

22And Efraim their father mourned many days, and his brothers came to comfort him.

כבוַיִּתְאַבֵּל אֶפְרַיִם אֲבִיהֶם יָמִים רַבִּים וַיָּבֹאוּ אֶחָיו לְנַחֲמוֹ׃

23He cohabited with his wife, who conceived and bore a son; and she named him Beriah, because it occurred when there was misfortune in his house.

כגוַיָּבֹא אֶל־אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמוֹ בְּרִיעָה כִּי בְרָעָה הָיְתָה בְּבֵיתוֹ׃

24His daughter was Sheerah, who built both Lower and Upper Beth-horon, and Uzzen-sheerah.

כדוּבִתּוֹ שֶׁאֱרָה וַתִּבֶן אֶת־בֵּית־חוֹרוֹן הַתַּחְתּוֹן וְאֶת־הָעֶלְיוֹן וְאֵת אֻזֵּן שֶׁאֱרָה׃

25His son Rephah, his son Resheph, his son Telah, his son Tahan,

כהוְרֶפַח בְּנוֹ וְרֶשֶׁף וְתֶלַח בְּנוֹ וְתַחַן בְּנוֹ׃

26his son Ladan, his son Ammihud, his son Elishama,

כולַעְדָּן בְּנוֹ עַמִּיהוּד בְּנוֹ אֱלִישָׁמָע בְּנוֹ׃

27his son Non, his son Yehoshua.

כזנוֹן בְּנוֹ יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בְּנוֹ׃

28Their possessions and settlements were Beit El and its dependencies, and on the east Naaran, and on the west Gezer and its dependencies, Shechem and its dependencies, and Aiah and its dependencies;

כחוַאֲחֻזָּתָם וּמֹשְׁבוֹתָם בֵּית־אֵל וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וְלַמִּזְרָח נַעֲרָן וְלַמַּעֲרָב גֶּזֶר וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וּשְׁכֶם וּבְנֹתֶיהָ עַד־עַיָּה וּבְנֹתֶיהָ׃

29also along the borders of the Manassites, Beit-Shean and its dependencies, Taanach and its dependencies, Megiddo and its dependencies, Dor and its dependencies. In these dwelt the sons of Yosef son of Yisrael.

כטוְעַל־יְדֵי בְנֵי־מְנַשֶּׁה בֵּית־שְׁאָן וּבְנֹתֶיהָ תַּעְנַךְ וּבְנֹתֶיהָ מְגִדּוֹ וּבְנוֹתֶיהָ דּוֹר וּבְנוֹתֶיהָ בְּאֵלֶּה יָשְׁבוּ בְּנֵי יוֹסֵף בֶּן־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

30The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and their sister Serah.

לבְּנֵי אָשֵׁר יִמְנָה וְיִשְׁוָה וְיִשְׁוִי וּבְרִיעָה וְשֶׂרַח אֲחוֹתָם׃

31The sons of Beriah: Chever and Malchiel, who was the father of Birzaith.

uv-NAY v'-ree-AH KHE-ver u-mal-kee-AYL HU a-VEE vir-ZA-yit

לאוּבְנֵי בְרִיעָה חֶבֶר וּמַלְכִּיאֵל הוּא אֲבִי ברזות [בִרְזָיִת׃]

 7:31   Birzaith

Olives from the Upper Galilee, part of the land of the tribe of Asher

In the list of the children of Asher, the name Birzaith (ברזית), which literally means ‘of the oil,’ appears. The Sages debate the significance of this name. Some say it means that this man’s daughters were so beautiful that they married the High Priests, or the kings, who were anointed with the sacred oil made by Moshe. Other interpretations suggest that this is not the name of a person, rather the name of a place found in the tribe of Asher. Either way, the connection between the tribe of Asher and the sacred oil is celebrated in this verse. Indeed, Asher is blessed by both Yaakov and Moshe with an abundance of oil in his territory (see Genesis 49:20 and Deuteronomy 33:24). The Sages state (Menachot 85b) that olive oil would flow like a fountain in the lands of Asher, and its quality was so superior that people in search of high quality oil were sent to the tribe of Asher. Furthermore, they state that Asher’s land was so fertile that in times of shortage, such as during the Sabbatical year when it is prohibited to work the land, Asher would provide olive oil for the entire Nation of Israel.

32Chever begot Japhlet, Shomer, Hotham, and their sister, Shua.

לבוְחֶבֶר הוֹלִיד אֶת־יַפְלֵט וְאֶת־שׁוֹמֵר וְאֶת־חוֹתָם וְאֵת שׁוּעָא אֲחוֹתָם׃

33The sons of Japhlet: Pasach, Bimhal, and Ashvath. These were the sons of Japhlet.

לגוּבְנֵי יַפְלֵט פָּסַךְ וּבִמְהָל וְעַשְׁוָת אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי יַפְלֵט׃

34The sons of Shemer: Ahi, Rohgah, Hubbah, and Aram.

לדוּבְנֵי שָׁמֶר אֲחִי ורוהגה [וְרָהְגָּה] יחבה [וְחֻבָּה] וַאֲרָם׃

35The sons of Helem his brother: Zophah, Imna, Shelesh, and Amal.

להוּבֶן־הֵלֶם אָחִיו צוֹפַח וְיִמְנָע וְשֵׁלֶשׁ וְעָמָל׃

36The sons of Zophah: Suah, Harnepher, Shual, Beri, Imrah,

לובְּנֵי צוֹפָח סוּחַ וְחַרְנֶפֶר וְשׁוּעָל וּבֵרִי וְיִמְרָה׃

37Bezer, Hod, Shamma, Shilshah, Ithran, and Beera.

לזבֶּצֶר וָהוֹד וְשַׁמָּא וְשִׁלְשָׁה וְיִתְרָן וּבְאֵרָא׃

38The sons of Jether: Jephunneh, Pispa, and Ara.

לחוּבְנֵי יֶתֶר יְפֻנֶּה וּפִסְפָּה וַאְרָא׃

39The sons of Ulla: Arah, Hanniel, and Rizia.

לטוּבְנֵי עֻלָּא אָרַח וְחַנִּיאֵל וְרִצְיָא׃

40All of these men of Asher, chiefs of the clans, select men, men of substance, heads of the chieftains. And they were registered by genealogy according to fighting force; the number of the men was 26,000 men.

מכָּל־אֵלֶּה בְנֵי־אָשֵׁר רָאשֵׁי בֵית־הָאָבוֹת בְּרוּרִים גִּבּוֹרֵי חֲיָלִים רָאשֵׁי הַנְּשִׂיאִים וְהִתְיַחְשָׂם בַּצָּבָא בַּמִּלְחָמָה מִסְפָּרָם אֲנָשִׁים עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁשָּׁה אָלֶף׃