TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

I Chronicles 3

1These are the sons of David who were born to him in Chevron: the first-born Amnon, by Ahinoam the Yizraelite; the second Daniel, by Avigail the Carmelite;

אוְאֵלֶּה הָיוּ בְּנֵי דָויִד אֲשֶׁר נוֹלַד־לוֹ בְּחֶבְרוֹן הַבְּכוֹר אַמְנֹן לַאֲחִינֹעַם הַיִּזְרְעֵאלִית שֵׁנִי דָּנִיֵּאל לַאֲבִיגַיִל הַכַּרְמְלִית׃

2the third Avshalom, son of Maacah daughter of King Talmai of Geshur; the fourth Adoniyahu, son of Haggith;

בהַשְּׁלִשִׁי לְאַבְשָׁלוֹם בֶּן־מַעֲכָה בַּת־תַּלְמַי מֶלֶךְ גְּשׁוּר הָרְבִיעִי אֲדֹנִיָּה בֶן־חַגִּית׃

3the fifth Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth Ithream, by his wife Eglah;

גהַחֲמִישִׁי שְׁפַטְיָה לַאֲבִיטָל הַשִּׁשִּׁי יִתְרְעָם לְעֶגְלָה אִשְׁתּוֹ׃

4six were born to him in Chevron. He reigned there seven years and six months, and in Yerushalayim he reigned thirty-three years.

shi-SHAH no-lad LO v'-khev-RON va-YIM-lokh SHAM SHE-va sha-NEEM v'-shi-SHAH kho-da-SHEEM ush-lo-SHEEM v'-sha-LOSH sha-NAH ma-LAKH bee-ru-sha-LA-im

דשִׁשָּׁה נוֹלַד־לוֹ בְחֶבְרוֹן וַיִּמְלָךְ־שָׁם שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וְשִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים וְשָׁלוֹשׁ שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָ ִם׃

 3:4   And in Yerushalayim he reigned thirty-three years

Chaim Weizmann (1874-1952)

The text delineates exactly how many years of David’s reign were spent ruling in Chevron, and how many in Yerushalayim, because ruling in Yerushalayim, Hashem’s chosen city, is qualitatively different than ruling anywhere else, even another city in Eretz Yisrael. Yerushalayim is the center of the world and the holiest place on earth. In December 1948, the first president of Israel, Chaim Weizmann, passionately declared: “Jerusalem holds a unique place in the heart of every Jew. Jerusalem is to us the quintessence of the Palestine idea. Its restoration symbolizes the redemption of Israel… To us Jerusalem has both a spiritual and a temporal significance. It is the City of God, the seat of our ancient sanctuary. But it is also the capital of David and Solomon, the City of the Great King, the metropolis of our ancient commonwealth… It is the center of our ancient national glory. It was our lodestar in all our wanderings. It embodies all that is noblest in our hopes for the future. Jerusalem is the eternal mother of the Jewish people, precious and beloved even in its desolation. When David made Jerusalem the capital of Judea, on that day there began the Jewish Commonwealth…It seems inconceivable that the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine should be accompanied by the detachment from it of its spiritual center and historical capital.”

5These were born to him in Yerushalayim: Shimea, Shobab, Natan, and Shlomo, four by Bathshua daughter of Ammiel;

הוְאֵלֶּה נוּלְּדוּ־לוֹ בִּירוּשָׁלָיִם שִׁמְעָא וְשׁוֹבָב וְנָתָן וּשְׁלֹמֹה אַרְבָּעָה לְבַת־שׁוּעַ בַּת־עַמִּיאֵל׃

6then Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet,

ווְיִבְחָר וֶאֱלִישָׁמָע וֶאֱלִיפָלֶט׃

7Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,

זוְנֹגַהּ וְנֶפֶג וְיָפִיעַ׃

8Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet—nine.

חוֶאֱלִישָׁמָע וְאֶלְיָדָע וֶאֱלִיפֶלֶט תִּשְׁעָה׃

9All were David's sons, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

טכֹּל בְּנֵי דָוִיד מִלְּבַד בְּנֵי־פִילַגְשִׁים וְתָמָר אֲחוֹתָם׃

10The son of Shlomo: Rechovam; his son Aviya, his son Asa, his son Yehoshafat,

יוּבֶן־שְׁלֹמֹה רְחַבְעָם אֲבִיָּה בְנוֹ אָסָא בְנוֹ יְהוֹשָׁפָט בְּנוֹ׃

11his son Yoram, his son Achazyahu, his son Yoash,

יאיוֹרָם בְּנוֹ אֲחַזְיָהוּ בְנוֹ יוֹאָשׁ בְּנוֹ׃

12his son Amatzya, his son Azarya, his son Yotam,

יבאֲמַצְיָהוּ בְנוֹ עֲזַרְיָה בְנוֹ יוֹתָם בְּנוֹ׃

13his son Achaz, his son Chizkiyahu, his son Menashe,

יגאָחָז בְּנוֹ חִזְקִיָּהוּ בְנוֹ מְנַשֶּׁה בְנוֹ׃

14his son Amon, and his son Yoshiyahu.

ידאָמוֹן בְּנוֹ יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ בְנוֹ׃

15The sons of Yoshiyahu: Yochanan the first-born, the second Yehoyakim, the third Tzidkiyahu, the fourth Shalum.

טווּבְנֵי יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ הַבְּכוֹר יוֹחָנָן הַשֵּׁנִי יְהוֹיָקִים הַשְּׁלִשִׁי צִדְקִיָּהוּ הָרְבִיעִי שַׁלּוּם׃

16The descendants of Yehoyakim: his son Yechonya, his son Tzidkiyahu;

טזוּבְנֵי יְהוֹיָקִים יְכָנְיָה בְנוֹ צִדְקִיָּה בְנוֹ׃

17and the sons of Yechonya, the captive: Shealtiel his son,

יזוּבְנֵי יְכָנְיָה אַסִּר שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל בְּנוֹ׃

18MalHiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah;

יחוּמַלְכִּירָם וּפְדָיָה וְשֶׁנְאַצַּר יְקַמְיָה הוֹשָׁמָע וּנְדַבְיָה׃

19the sons of Pedaiah: Zerubavel and Shim'i; the sons of Zerubavel: Meshullam and Chananya, and Shelomith was their sister;

יטוּבְנֵי פְדָיָה זְרֻבָּבֶל וְשִׁמְעִי וּבֶן־זְרֻבָּבֶל מְשֻׁלָּם וַחֲנַנְיָה וּשְׁלֹמִית אֲחוֹתָם׃

20Hashubah, Ohel, Berechya, Hasadiah, and Jushabhesed—five.

כוַחֲשֻׁבָה וָאֹהֶל וּבֶרֶכְיָה וַחֲסַדְיָה יוּשַׁב חֶסֶד חָמֵשׁ׃

21And the sons of Chananya: Pelatiah and Jeshaiah; the sons of [Jeshaiah]: Rephaiah; the sons of [Rephaiah]: Arnan; the sons of [Arnan]: Ovadya; the sons of [Ovadya]: Shechanya.

כאוּבֶן־חֲנַנְיָה פְּלַטְיָה וִישַׁעְיָה בְּנֵי רְפָיָה בְּנֵי אַרְנָן בְּנֵי עֹבַדְיָה בְּנֵי שְׁכַנְיָה׃

22And the sons of Shechanya: Shemaya; and the sons of Shemaya: Hattush, and Igal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shafat—six.

כבוּבְנֵי שְׁכַנְיָה שְׁמַעְיָה וּבְנֵי שְׁמַעְיָה חַטּוּשׁ וְיִגְאָל וּבָרִיחַ וּנְעַרְיָה וְשָׁפָט שִׁשָּׁה׃

23And the sons of Neariah: Elioenai, and Hizkiah, and Azrikam—three.

כגוּבֶן־נְעַרְיָה אֶלְיוֹעֵינַי וְחִזְקִיָּה וְעַזְרִיקָם שְׁלֹשָׁה׃

24And the sons of Elioenai: Hodaviah, and Elyashiv, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Yochanan, and Delaiah, and Anani—seven.

כדוּבְנֵי אֶלְיוֹעֵינַי הדיוהו [הוֹדַוְיָהוּ] וְאֶלְיָשִׁיב וּפְלָיָה וְעַקּוּב וְיוֹחָנָן וּדְלָיָה וַעֲנָנִי שִׁבְעָה׃