TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

Hosea 6

1“Come, let us turn back to Hashem: He attacked, and He can heal us; He wounded, and He can bind us up.

אלְכוּ וְנָשׁוּבָה אֶל־יְהֹוָה כִּי הוּא טָרָף וְיִרְפָּאֵנוּ יַךְ וְיַחְבְּשֵׁנוּ׃

2In two days He will make us whole again; On the third day He will raise us up, And we shall be whole by His favor.

ביְחַיֵּנוּ מִיֹּמָיִם בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי יְקִמֵנוּ וְנִחְיֶה לְפָנָיו׃

3Let us pursue obedience to Hashem, And we shall become obedient. His appearance is as sure as daybreak, And He will come to us like rain, Like latter rain that refreshes the earth.”

גוְנֵדְעָה נִרְדְּפָה לָדַעַת אֶת־יְהֹוָה כְּשַׁחַר נָכוֹן מוֹצָאוֹ וְיָבוֹא כַגֶּשֶׁם לָנוּ כְּמַלְקוֹשׁ יוֹרֶה אָרֶץ׃

4What can I do for you, Efraim, What can I do for you, Yehuda, When your goodness is like morning clouds, Like dew so early gone?

דמָה אֶעֱשֶׂה־לְּךָ אֶפְרַיִם מָה אֶעֱשֶׂה־לְּךָ יְהוּדָה וְחַסְדְּכֶם כַּעֲנַן־בֹּקֶר וְכַטַּל מַשְׁכִּים הֹלֵךְ׃

5That is why I have hewn down the Neviim, Have slain them with the words of My mouth: And the day that dawned [brought on] your punishment.

העַל־כֵּן חָצַבְתִּי בַּנְּבִיאִים הֲרַגְתִּים בְּאִמְרֵי־פִי וּמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ אוֹר יֵצֵא׃

6For I desire goodness, not sacrifice; Obedience to Hashem, rather than burnt offerings.

KEE KHE-sed kha-FATZ-tee v'-lo ZA-vakh v'-DA-at e-lo-HEEM may-o-LOT

וכִּי חֶסֶד חָפַצְתִּי וְלֹא־זָבַח וְדַעַת אֱלֹהִים מֵעֹלוֹת׃

6:6  For I desire goodness, not sacrifice

Chapter 6 explains Hashem’s reluctance to answer His people in their distress, despite their apparent repentance (6:1-3). God points to the fleeting and superficial nature of their request, stating, “your goodness is like morning clouds” (6:4). Hoshea then makes one of his most revolutionary declarations: Sacrificial acts alone, the basis of all ancient religions, have no value without an accompanying commitment to living a moral life. He says “For I desire goodness, not sacrifice, obedience to Hashem rather than burnt offerings.” Although we no longer offer sacrifices, to this day there are those who get caught up in the superficial, ritual aspects of religion at the expense of ethical behavior. In this verse, Hoshea calls on us to act properly in our dealings with other people and to strengthen our awareness of, and commitment to, Hashem. Once these values are ingrained in us, then rituals become meaningful.

7But they, to a man, have transgressed the Covenant. This is where they have been false to Me:

זוְהֵמָּה כְּאָדָם עָבְרוּ בְרִית שָׁם בָּגְדוּ בִי׃

8Gilad is a city of evildoers, Tracked up with blood.

חגִּלְעָד קִרְיַת פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן עֲקֻבָּה מִדָּם׃

9The gang of Kohanim is Like the ambuscade of bandits Who murder on the road to Shechem, For they have encouraged depravity.

טוּכְחַכֵּי אִישׁ גְּדוּדִים חֶבֶר כֹּהֲנִים דֶּרֶךְ יְרַצְּחוּ־שֶׁכְמָה כִּי זִמָּה עָשׂוּ׃

10In the House of Yisrael I have seen A horrible thing; Efraim has fornicated there, Yisrael has defiled himself.

יבְּבֵית יִשְׂרָאֵל רָאִיתִי שעריריה [שַׁעֲרוּרִיָּה] שָׁם זְנוּת לְאֶפְרַיִם נִטְמָא יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

11Even Yehuda has reaped a harvest of you! When I would restore My people's fortunes,

יאגַּם־יְהוּדָה שָׁת קָצִיר לָךְ בְּשׁוּבִי שְׁבוּת עַמִּי׃