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Ezra 7

1After these events, during the reign of King Artaxerxes of Persia, Ezra son of Seraya son of Azarya son of Chilkiya

אוְאַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה בְּמַלְכוּת אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא מֶלֶךְ־פָּרָס עֶזְרָא בֶּן־שְׂרָיָה בֶּן־עֲזַרְיָה בֶּן־חִלְקִיָּה׃

2son of Shalum son of Tzadok son of Achituv

בבֶּן־שַׁלּוּם בֶּן־צָדוֹק בֶּן־אֲחִיטוּב׃

3son of Amariah son of Azarya son of Meraioth

גבֶּן־אֲמַרְיָה בֶן־עֲזַרְיָה בֶּן־מְרָיוֹת׃

4son of Zerahiah son of Uzzi son of Bukki

דבֶּן־זְרַחְיָה בֶן־עֻזִּי בֶּן־בֻּקִּי׃

5son of Abishua son of Pinchas son of Elazar son of Aharon the chief Kohen

הבֶּן־אֲבִישׁוּעַ בֶּן־פִּינְחָס בֶּן־אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן־אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן הָרֹאשׁ׃

6that Ezra came up from Babylon, a scribe expert in the Teaching of Moshe which God of Yisrael had given, whose request the king had granted in its entirety, thanks to the benevolence of Hashem toward him.

HU ez-RA a-LAH mi-ba-VEL v'-hu so-FAYR ma-HEER b'-to-RAT mo-SHEH a-sher na-TAN a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY yis-ra-AYL va-yi-ten LO ha-ME-lekh k'-yad a-do-NAI e-lo-HAV a-LAV KOL ba-ka-sha-TO

והוּא עֶזְרָא עָלָה מִבָּבֶל וְהוּא־סֹפֵר מָהִיר בְּתוֹרַת מֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַן יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתֶּן־לוֹ הַמֶּלֶךְ כְּיַד־יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָיו עָלָיו כֹּל בַּקָּשָׁתוֹ׃

 Ezra 7:6 A scribe expert in the Teaching of Moshe

Ezra was known as a sofer (סופר), a ‘scribe’ who reintroduced the Torah to public life in Jerusalem following the Babylonian exile. According the Talmud (Bava Kama 82a), he instituted public reading of the Torah on Shabbat in order to make it more dear to the People of Israel. In modern times, another “scribe” made a great contribution to Israel’s love for the Torah. Eliyahu Koren (1907-2001) was a master typographer who emigrated from Germany to Israel in 1933. He opened Koren Publishers Jerusalem in 1961, and the following year published the “Koren Tanakh,” the first Bible edited, designed, produced and bound by Jews in nearly 500 years. David Ben Gurion responded to the publication of the Tanakh, “Israel is redeemed from shame.” Koren, along with his team of experts, considered the precision of every letter, the placement of every word on every page and designed a new font to ensure maximum clarity and to signify the renewal of ancient Hebrew in modern times. The Koren Tanakh’s textual accuracy, innovative design and superior quality won it worldwide acclaim. After its publication, it became the Bible that IDF soldiers received, along with a gun, upon their induction into the Israel Defense Forces, and it is the Bible upon which Knesset members are sworn into office. As then Speaker of the Knesset Mr. Kadish Luz declared, “From this day forth, all of Israel’s presidents shall take their oaths of office upon this Bible. We have been governed by a Provisional State Council, a Provisional Government and even now sit in the temporary Knesset building. To date, Israeli presidents have been sworn in using a temporary edition of the Bible. This occasion symbolizes our overcoming of foreign heritage and return to our origins”.

7Some of the Israelites, the Kohanim and Leviim, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the temple servants set out for Yerushalayim in the seventh year of King Artaxerxes,

זוַיַּעֲלוּ מִבְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמִן־הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַלְוִיִּם וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים וְהַשֹּׁעֲרִים וְהַנְּתִינִים אֶל־יְרוּשָׁלָ ִם בִּשְׁנַת־שֶׁבַע לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא הַמֶּלֶךְ׃

8arriving in Yerushalayim in the fifth month in the seventh year of the king.)

חוַיָּבֹא יְרוּשָׁלַ ִם בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַחֲמִישִׁי הִיא שְׁנַת הַשְּׁבִיעִית לַמֶּלֶךְ׃

9On the first day of the first month the journey up from Babylon was started, and on the first day of the fifth month he arrived in Yerushalayim, thanks to the benevolent care of his God for him.

KEE b'-e-KHAD la-KHO-desh ha-ri-SHON HU y'-SUD ha-ma-a-LAH mi-ba-VEL uv-e-KHAD la-KHO-desh ha-kha-mee-SHEE BA el y'-ru-sha-LA-im k'-yad e-lo-HAV ha-to-VAH a-LAV

טכִּי בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן הוּא יְסֻד הַמַּעֲלָה מִבָּבֶל וּבְאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הַחֲמִישִׁי בָּא אֶל־יְרוּשָׁלַ ִם כְּיַד־אֱלֹהָיו הַטּוֹבָה עָלָיו׃

 7:9   The journey up from Babylon was started

Yesud Hamaala

The late nineteenth and twentieth centuries witnessed a series of massive waves of Jewish immigration to Israel, known as Aliyot, literally, ‘ascents.’ Each Aliya had a specific demographic character. The nature of the returning Babylonian Jews was similar to the immigrants who came during the years 1882-1904 on what is known as the “First Aliya”. In both cases, the groups were mostly comprised of poor religious families. But to call these modern Zionists immigrants “first” is not entirely correct. Not only have there been waves of immigration to Israel throughout the centuries, but their forefathers returning from Babylon preceded them by two-thousand five-hundred years. In 1883, the first modern Jewish community in the northern Hula Valley was established by members of the “First aliyah.” Inspired by this verse in Ezra describing the return of the Babylonian Jews, its founders named it Yesud Ha’Ma’ala, translated here as ‘the journey up was started.’

10For Ezra had dedicated himself to study the Teaching of Hashem so as to observe it, and to teach laws and rules to Yisrael.

יכִּי עֶזְרָא הֵכִין לְבָבוֹ לִדְרוֹשׁ אֶת־תּוֹרַת יְהֹוָה וְלַעֲשֹׂת וּלְלַמֵּד בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל חֹק וּמִשְׁפָּט׃

11The following is the text of the letter which King Artaxerxes gave Ezra the Kohen-scribe, a scholar in matters concerning the commandments of Hashem and His laws to Yisrael:

יאוְזֶה פַּרְשֶׁגֶן הַנִּשְׁתְּוָן אֲשֶׁר נָתַן הַמֶּלֶךְ אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא לְעֶזְרָא הַכֹּהֵן הַסֹּפֵר סֹפֵר דִּבְרֵי מִצְוׂת־יְהֹוָה וְחֻקָּיו עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

12“Artaxerxes king of kings, to Ezra the Kohen, scholar in the law of the God of heaven, and so forth. And now,

יבאַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא מֶלֶךְ מַלְכַיָּא לְעֶזְרָא כָהֲנָא סָפַר דָּתָא דִּי־אֱלָהּ שְׁמַיָּא גְּמִיר וּכְעֶנֶת׃

13I hereby issue an order that anyone in my kingdom who is of the people of Yisrael and its Kohanim and Leviim who feels impelled to go to Yerushalayim may go with you.

יגמִנִּי שִׂים טְעֵם דִּי כָל־מִתְנַדַּב בְּמַלְכוּתִי מִן־עַמָּה יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכָהֲנוֹהִי וְלֵוָיֵא לִמְהָךְ לִירוּשְׁלֶם עִמָּךְ יְהָךְ׃

14For you are commissioned by the king and his seven advisers to regulate Yehuda and Yerushalayim according to the law of your God, which is in your care,

ידכָּל־קֳבֵל דִּי מִן־קֳדָם מַלְכָּא וְשִׁבְעַת יָעֲטֹהִי שְׁלִיחַ לְבַקָּרָא עַל־יְהוּד וְלִירוּשְׁלֶם בְּדָת אֱלָהָךְ דִּי בִידָךְ׃

15and to bring the freewill offering of silver and gold, which the king and his advisers made to the God of Yisrael, whose dwelling is in Yerushalayim,

טווּלְהֵיבָלָה כְּסַף וּדְהַב דִּי־מַלְכָּא וְיָעֲטוֹהִי הִתְנַדַּבוּ לֶאֱלָהּ יִשְׂרָאֵל דִּי בִירוּשְׁלֶם מִשְׁכְּנֵהּ׃

16and whatever silver and gold that you find throughout the province of Babylon, together with the freewill offerings that the people and the Kohanim will give for the House of their God, which is in Yerushalayim.

טזוְכֹל כְּסַף וּדְהַב דִּי תְהַשְׁכַּח בְּכֹל מְדִינַת בָּבֶל עִם הִתְנַדָּבוּת עַמָּא וְכָהֲנַיָּא מִתְנַדְּבִין לְבֵית אֱלָהֲהֹם דִּי בִירוּשְׁלֶם׃

17You shall, therefore, with dispatch acquire with this money bulls, rams, and lambs, with their meal offerings and libations, and offer them on the mizbayach of the House of your God in Yerushalayim.

יזכָּל־קֳבֵל דְּנָה אָסְפַּרְנָא תִקְנֵא בְּכַסְפָּא דְנָה תּוֹרִין דִּכְרִין אִמְּרִין וּמִנְחָתְהוֹן וְנִסְכֵּיהוֹן וּתְקָרֵב הִמּוֹ עַל־מַדְבְּחָה דִּי בֵּית אֱלָהֲכֹם דִּי בִירוּשְׁלֶם׃

18And whatever you wish to do with the leftover silver and gold, you and your kinsmen may do, in accord with the will of your God.

יחוּמָה דִי עליך [עֲלָךְ] וְעַל־אחיך [אֶחָךְ] יֵיטַב בִּשְׁאָר כַּסְפָּא וְדַהֲבָה לְמֶעְבַּד כִּרְעוּת אֱלָהֲכֹם תַּעַבְדוּן׃

19The vessels for the service of the House of your God that are given to you, deliver to Hashem in Yerushalayim,

יטוּמָאנַיָּא דִּי־מִתְיַהֲבִין לָךְ לְפָלְחָן בֵּית אֱלָהָךְ הַשְׁלֵם קֳדָם אֱלָהּ יְרוּשְׁלֶם׃

20and any other needs of the House of your God that it falls to you to supply, do so from the royal treasury.

כוּשְׁאָר חַשְׁחוּת בֵּית אֱלָהָךְ דִּי יִפֶּל־לָךְ לְמִנְתַּן תִּנְתֵּן מִן־בֵּית גִּנְזֵי מַלְכָּא׃

21I, King Artaxerxes, for my part, hereby issue an order to all the treasurers in the province of Beyond the River that whatever request Ezra the Kohen, scholar in the law of the God of Heaven, makes of you is to be fulfilled with dispatch

כאוּמִנִּי אֲנָה אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא מַלְכָּא שִׂים טְעֵם לְכֹל גִּזַּבְרַיָּא דִּי בַּעֲבַר נַהֲרָה דִּי כָל־דִּי יִשְׁאֲלֶנְכוֹן עֶזְרָא כָהֲנָה סָפַר דָּתָא דִּי־אֱלָהּ שְׁמַיָּא אָסְפַּרְנָא יִתְעֲבִד׃

22up to the sum of one hundred kikarot of silver, one hundred kor of wheat, one hundred batim of wine, one hundred batim of oil, and salt without limit.

כבעַד־כְּסַף כַּכְּרִין מְאָה וְעַד־חִנְטִין כֹּרִין מְאָה וְעַד־חֲמַר בַּתִּין מְאָה וְעַד־בַּתִּין מְשַׁח מְאָה וּמְלַח דִּי־לָא כְתָב׃

23Whatever is by order of the God of Heaven must be carried out diligently for the House of the God of Heaven, else wrath will come upon the king and his sons.

כגכָּל־דִּי מִן־טַעַם אֱלָהּ שְׁמַיָּא יִתְעֲבֵד אַדְרַזְדָּא לְבֵית אֱלָהּ שְׁמַיָּא דִּי־לְמָה לֶהֱוֵא קְצַף עַל־מַלְכוּת מַלְכָּא וּבְנוֹהִי׃

24We further advise you that it is not permissible to impose tribute, poll tax, or land tax on any Kohen, Levi, singer, gatekeeper, temple servant, or other servant of this House of Hashem.

כדוּלְכֹם מְהוֹדְעִין דִּי כָל־כָּהֲנַיָּא וְלֵוָיֵא זַמָּרַיָּא תָרָעַיָּא נְתִינַיָּא וּפָלְחֵי בֵּית אֱלָהָא דְנָה מִנְדָּה בְלוֹ וַהֲלָךְ לָא שַׁלִּיט לְמִרְמֵא עֲלֵיהֹם׃

25And you, Ezra, by the divine wisdom you possess, appoint magistrates and judges to judge all the people in the province of Beyond the River who know the laws of your God, and to teach those who do not know them.

כהוְאַנְתְּ עֶזְרָא כְּחָכְמַת אֱלָהָךְ דִּי־בִידָךְ מֶנִּי שָׁפְטִין וְדַיָּנִין דִּי־לֶהֱוׂן דאנין [דָּאיְנִין] לְכָל־עַמָּה דִּי בַּעֲבַר נַהֲרָה לְכָל־יָדְעֵי דָּתֵי אֱלָהָךְ וְדִי לָא יָדַע תְּהוֹדְעוּן׃

26Let anyone who does not obey the law of your God and the law of the king be punished with dispatch, whether by death, corporal punishment, confiscation of possessions, or imprisonment.”

כווְכָל־דִּי־לָא לֶהֱוֵא עָבֵד דָּתָא דִי־אֱלָהָךְ וְדָתָא דִּי מַלְכָּא אָסְפַּרְנָא דִּינָה לֶהֱוֵא מִתְעֲבֵד מִנֵּהּ הֵן לְמוֹת הֵן לשרשו [לִשְׁרֹשִׁי] הֵן־לַעֲנָשׁ נִכְסִין וְלֶאֱסוּרִין׃

27Blessed is God of our fathers, who put it into the mind of the king to glorify the House of Hashem in Yerushalayim,

כזבָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ אֲשֶׁר נָתַן כָּזֹאת בְּלֵב הַמֶּלֶךְ לְפָאֵר אֶת־בֵּית יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלָ ִם׃

28and who inclined the king and his counselors and the king's military officers to be favorably disposed toward me. For my part, thanks to the care of Hashem for me, I summoned up courage and assembled leading men in Yisrael to go with me.

כחוְעָלַי הִטָּה־חֶסֶד לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וְיוֹעֲצָיו וּלְכָל־שָׂרֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ הַגִּבֹּרִים וַאֲנִי הִתְחַזַּקְתִּי כְּיַד־יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהַי עָלַי וָאֶקְבְּצָה מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל רָאשִׁים לַעֲלוֹת עִמִּי׃