TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

Ezra 10

1While Ezra was praying and making confession, weeping and prostrating himself before the House of Hashem, a very great crowd of Israelites gathered about him, men, women, and children; the people were weeping bitterly.

אוּכְהִתְפַּלֵּל עֶזְרָא וּכְהִתְוַדֹּתוֹ בֹּכֶה וּמִתְנַפֵּל לִפְנֵי בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים נִקְבְּצוּ אֵלָיו מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל קָהָל רַב־מְאֹד אֲנָשִׁים וְנָשִׁים וִילָדִים כִּי־בָכוּ הָעָם הַרְבֵּה־בֶכֶה׃

2Then Shechanya son of Yechiel of the family of Elam spoke up and said to Ezra, “We have trespassed against our God by bringing into our homes foreign women from the peoples of the land; but there is still hope for Yisrael despite this.

בוַיַּעַן שְׁכַנְיָה בֶן־יְחִיאֵל מִבְּנֵי עולם [עֵילָם] וַיֹּאמֶר לְעֶזְרָא אֲנַחְנוּ מָעַלְנוּ בֵאלֹהֵינוּ וַנֹּשֶׁב נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת מֵעַמֵּי הָאָרֶץ וְעַתָּה יֵשׁ־מִקְוֶה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־זֹאת׃

3Now then, let us make a covenant with our God to expel all these women and those who have been born to them, in accordance with the bidding of Hashem and of all who are concerned over the commandment of our God, and let the Teaching be obeyed.

גוְעַתָּה נִכְרָת־בְּרִית לֵאלֹהֵינוּ לְהוֹצִיא כָל־נָשִׁים וְהַנּוֹלָד מֵהֶם בַּעֲצַת אֲדֹנָי וְהַחֲרֵדִים בְּמִצְוַת אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְכַתּוֹרָה יֵעָשֶׂה׃

4Take action, for the responsibility is yours and we are with you. Act with resolve!”

דקוּם כִּי־עָלֶיךָ הַדָּבָר וַאֲנַחְנוּ עִמָּךְ חֲזַק וַעֲשֵׂה׃

5So Ezra at once put the officers of the Kohanim and the Leviim and all Yisrael under oath to act accordingly, and they took the oath.

הוַיָּקָם עֶזְרָא וַיַּשְׁבַּע אֶת־שָׂרֵי הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם וְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵל לַעֲשׂוֹת כַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה וַיִּשָּׁבֵעוּ׃

6Then Ezra rose from his place in front of the House of Hashem and went into the Hamber of Yehochanan son of Elyashiv; there, he ate no bread and drank no water, for he was in mourning over the trespass of those who had returned from exile.

ווַיָּקָם עֶזְרָא מִלִּפְנֵי בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים וַיֵּלֶךְ אֶל־לִשְׁכַּת יְהוֹחָנָן בֶּן־אֶלְיָשִׁיב וַיֵּלֶךְ שָׁם לֶחֶם לֹא־אָכַל וּמַיִם לֹא־שָׁתָה כִּי מִתְאַבֵּל עַל־מַעַל הַגּוֹלָה׃

7Then a proclamation was issued in Yehuda and Yerushalayim that all who had returned from the exile should assemble in Yerushalayim,

זוַיַּעֲבִירוּ קוֹל בִּיהוּדָה וִירוּשָׁלַ ִם לְכֹל בְּנֵי הַגּוֹלָה לְהִקָּבֵץ יְרוּשָׁלָ ִם׃

8and that anyone who did not come in three days would, by decision of the officers and elders, have his property confiscated and himself excluded from the congregation of the returning exiles.

חוְכֹל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָבוֹא לִשְׁלֹשֶׁת הַיָּמִים כַּעֲצַת הַשָּׂרִים וְהַזְּקֵנִים יָחֳרַם כָּל־רְכוּשׁוֹ וְהוּא יִבָּדֵל מִקְּהַל הַגּוֹלָה׃

9All the men of Yehuda and Binyamin assembled in Yerushalayim in three days; it was the ninth month, the twentieth of the month. All the people sat in the square of the House of Hashem, trembling on account of the event and because of the rains.

va-yi-ka-v'-TZU khol an-SHAY y'-hu-DAH u-vin-ya-MIN y'-ru-sha-LA-im lish-LO-shet ha-ya-MEEM HU KHO-desh ha-t'-shee-EE b'-es-REEM ba-KHO-desh va-yay-sh'-VU khol ha-AM bir-KHOV BAYT ha-e-lo-HEEM mar-ee-DEEM al ha-da-VAR u-may-ha-g'-sha-MEEM

טוַיִּקָּבְצוּ כָל־אַנְשֵׁי־יְהוּדָה וּבִנְיָמִן יְרוּשָׁלַ ִם לִשְׁלֹשֶׁת הַיָּמִים הוּא חֹדֶשׁ הַתְּשִׁיעִי בְּעֶשְׂרִים בַּחֹדֶשׁ וַיֵּשְׁבוּ כָל־הָעָם בִּרְחוֹב בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים מַרְעִידִים עַל־הַדָּבָר וּמֵהַגְּשָׁמִים׃

 10:9   All the men of Yehuda and Binyamin assembled in Yerushalayim

This verse only mentions the tribes of Yehuda and Binyamin, the two tribes that made up the ancient kingdom of Yehuda that had been exiled to Babylon. The other ten tribes who had formed the kingdom of Yisrael had been exiled earlier by the Assyrians, forced to assimilate and became lost to the Nation of Israel. Although today, almost all Jews are descendants of the ancient tribe of Yehuda, the modern Jewish state was called “Israel” and not “Judah.” The supratribal name “Israel” provides the most comprehensive framework for the realization of Yechezkel’s vision: “Thus said Hashem: I am going to take the stick of Yosef — which is in the hand of Efraim and of the tribes of Yisrael associated with him — and I will place the stick of Yehudah upon it and make them into one stick; they shall be joined in My hand…. I will make them a single nation in the land, on the hills of Yisrael, and one king shall be king of them all. Never again shall they be two nations, and never again shall they be divided into two kingdoms” (Ezekiel 37:19, 22). The State’s founders wished to be as inclusive as possible, allowing room for the vast cultural and ethnic diversity of the incoming exiles and thus fulfilling a role in the prophetic return of the lost ten tribes, along with the tribes of Yehuda and Binyamin, to the Land of Israel.

10Then Ezra the Kohen got up and said to them, “You have trespassed by bringing home foreign women, thus aggravating the guilt of Yisrael.

יוַיָּקָם עֶזְרָא הַכֹּהֵן וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם אַתֶּם מְעַלְתֶּם וַתֹּשִׁיבוּ נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת לְהוֹסִיף עַל־אַשְׁמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

11So now, make confession to Hashem, God of your fathers, and do His will, and separate yourselves from the peoples of the land and from the foreign women.”

יאוְעַתָּה תְּנוּ תוֹדָה לַיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי־אֲבֹתֵיכֶם וַעֲשׂוּ רְצוֹנוֹ וְהִבָּדְלוּ מֵעַמֵּי הָאָרֶץ וּמִן־הַנָּשִׁים הַנָּכְרִיּוֹת׃

12The entire congregation responded in a loud voice, “We must surely do just as you say.

יבוַיַּעְנוּ כָל־הַקָּהָל וַיֹּאמְרוּ קוֹל גָּדוֹל כֵּן כדבריך [כִּדְבָרְךָ] עָלֵינוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת׃

13However, many people are involved, and it is the rainy season; it is not possible to remain out in the open, nor is this the work of a day or two, because we have transgressed extensively in this matter.

יגאֲבָל הָעָם רָב וְהָעֵת גְּשָׁמִים וְאֵין כֹּחַ לַעֲמוֹד בַּחוּץ וְהַמְּלָאכָה לֹא־לְיוֹם אֶחָד וְלֹא לִשְׁנַיִם כִּי־הִרְבִּינוּ לִפְשֹׁעַ בַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה׃

14Let our officers remain on behalf of the entire congregation, and all our townspeople who have brought home foreign women shall appear before them at scheduled times, together with the elders and judges of each town, in order to avert the burning anger of our God from us on this account.”

ידיַעֲמְדוּ־נָא שָׂרֵינוּ לְכָל־הַקָּהָל וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר בֶּעָרֵינוּ הַהֹשִׁיב נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת יָבֹא לְעִתִּים מְזֻמָּנִים וְעִמָּהֶם זִקְנֵי־עִיר וָעִיר וְשֹׁפְטֶיהָ עַד לְהָשִׁיב חֲרוֹן אַף־אֱלֹהֵינוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד לַדָּבָר הַזֶּה׃

15Only Yonatan son of Asael and Jahzeiah son of Tikvah remained for this purpose, assisted by Meshullam and Shabbethai, the Leviim.

טואַךְ יוֹנָתָן בֶּן־עֲשָׂהאֵל וְיַחְזְיָה בֶן־תִּקְוָה עָמְדוּ עַל־זֹאת וּמְשֻׁלָּם וְשַׁבְּתַי הַלֵּוִי עֲזָרֻם׃

16The returning exiles did so. Ezra the Kohen and the men who were the chiefs of the ancestral clans—all listed by name—sequestered themselves on the first day of the tenth month to study the matter.

טזוַיַּעֲשׂוּ־כֵן בְּנֵי הַגּוֹלָה וַיִּבָּדְלוּ עֶזְרָא הַכֹּהֵן אֲנָשִׁים רָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת לְבֵית אֲבֹתָם וְכֻלָּם בְּשֵׁמוֹת וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בְּיוֹם אֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂירִי לְדַרְיוֹשׁ הַדָּבָר׃

17By the first day of the first month they were done with all the men who had brought home foreign women.

יזוַיְכַלּוּ בַכֹּל אֲנָשִׁים הַהֹשִׁיבוּ נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת עַד יוֹם אֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן׃

18Among the priestly families who were found to have brought foreign women were Yeshua son of Yotzadak and his brothers Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedalia.

יחוַיִּמָּצֵא מִבְּנֵי הַכֹּהֲנִים אֲשֶׁר הֹשִׁיבוּ נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת מִבְּנֵי יֵשׁוּעַ בֶּן־יוֹצָדָק וְאֶחָיו מַעֲשֵׂיָה וֶאֱלִיעֶזֶר וְיָרִיב וּגְדַלְיָה׃

19They gave their word to expel their wives and, acknowledging their guilt, offered a ram from the flock to expiate it.

יטוַיִּתְּנוּ יָדָם לְהוֹצִיא נְשֵׁיהֶם וַאֲשֵׁמִים אֵיל־צֹאן עַל־אַשְׁמָתָם׃

20Of the sons of Immer: Chanani and Zebadiah;

כוּמִבְּנֵי אִמֵּר חֲנָנִי וּזְבַדְיָה׃

21of the sons of Harim: Maaseiah, Eliyahu, Shemaya, Yechiel, and Uzziyahu;

כאוּמִבְּנֵי חָרִם מַעֲשֵׂיָה וְאֵלִיָּה וּשְׁמַעְיָה וִיחִיאֵל וְעֻזִיָּה׃

22of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Yozavad, and Elasah;

כבוּמִבְּנֵי פַּשְׁחוּר אֶלְיוֹעֵינַי מַעֲשֵׂיָה יִשְׁמָעֵאל נְתַנְאֵל יוֹזָבָד וְאֶלְעָשָׂה׃

23of the Leviim: Yozavad, Shim'i, Kelaiah who is Kelita, Pethahiah, Yehuda, and Eliezer.

כגוּמִן־הַלְוִיִּם יוֹזָבָד וְשִׁמְעִי וְקֵלָיָה הוּא קְלִיטָא פְּתַחְיָה יְהוּדָה וֶאֱלִיעֶזֶר׃

24Of the singers: Elyashiv. Of the gatekeepers: Shalum, Telem, and Uri.

כדוּמִן־הַמְשֹׁרְרִים אֶלְיָשִׁיב וּמִן־הַשֹּׁעֲרִים שַׁלֻּם וָטֶלֶם וְאוּרִי׃

25Of the Israelites: of the sons of Parosh: Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, Elazar, Malchijah, and Benaiah;

כהוּמִיִּשְׂרָאֵל מִבְּנֵי פַרְעֹשׁ רַמְיָה וְיִזִּיָּה וּמַלְכִּיָּה וּמִיָּמִן וְאֶלְעָזָר וּמַלְכִּיָּה וּבְנָיָה׃

26of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zecharya, Yechiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Eliyahu;

כווּמִבְּנֵי עֵילָם מַתַּנְיָה זְכַרְיָה וִיחִיאֵל וְעַבְדִּי וִירֵמוֹת וְאֵלִיָּה׃

27of the sons of Zattu: Elioenai, Elyashiv, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza;

כזוּמִבְּנֵי זַתּוּא אֶלְיוֹעֵנַי אֶלְיָשִׁיב מַתַּנְיָה וִירֵמוֹת וְזָבָד וַעֲזִיזָא׃

28of the sons of Bebai: Yehochanan, Chananya, Zabbai, and Athlai;

כחוּמִבְּנֵי בֵּבָי יְהוֹחָנָן חֲנַנְיָה זַבַּי עַתְלָי׃

29of the sons of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Yashuv, Sheal, and Ramoth;

כטוּמִבְּנֵי בָּנִי מְשֻׁלָּם מַלּוּךְ וַעֲדָיָה יָשׁוּב וּשְׁאָל ירמות [וְרָמוֹת׃]

30of the sons of Pahathmoab: Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Betzalel, Binnui, and Menashe;

לוּמִבְּנֵי פַּחַת מוֹאָב עַדְנָא וּכְלָל בְּנָיָה מַעֲשֵׂיָה מַתַּנְיָה בְצַלְאֵל וּבִנּוּי וּמְנַשֶּׁה׃

31of the sons of Harim: Eliezer, Isshijah, Malchijah, Shemaya, and Shimeon;

לאוּבְנֵי חָרִם אֱלִיעֶזֶר יִשִּׁיָּה מַלְכִּיָּה שְׁמַעְיָה שִׁמְעוֹן׃

32also Binyamin, Malluch, and Shemariah;

לבבְּנְיָמִן מַלּוּךְ שְׁמַרְיָה׃

33of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Menashe, and Shim'i;

לגמִבְּנֵי חָשֻׁם מַתְּנַי מַתַּתָּה זָבָד אֱלִיפֶלֶט יְרֵמַי מְנַשֶּׁה שִׁמְעִי׃

34of the sons of Bani: Maadai, Amram, and Uel;

לדמִבְּנֵי בָנִי מַעֲדַי עַמְרָם וְאוּאֵל׃

35also Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluhu,

להבְּנָיָה בֵדְיָה כלהי [כְּלוּהוּ׃]

36Vaniah, Meremoth, Elyashiv

לווַנְיָה מְרֵמוֹת אֶלְיָשִׁיב׃

37Mattaniah, Mattenai, Jaasai,

לזמַתַּנְיָה מַתְּנַי ויעשו [וְיַעֲשָׂי׃]

38Bani, Binnui, Shim'i,

לחוּבָנִי וּבִנּוּי שִׁמְעִי׃

39Shelemiah, Natan, Adaiah,

לטוְשֶׁלֶמְיָה וְנָתָן וַעֲדָיָה׃

40Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai,

ממַכְנַדְבַי שָׁשַׁי שָׁרָי׃

41Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah,

מאעֲזַרְאֵל וְשֶׁלֶמְיָהוּ שְׁמַרְיָה׃

42Shalum, Amariah, and Yosef;

מבשַׁלּוּם אֲמַרְיָה יוֹסֵף׃

43of the sons of Nebo: Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Yoel, and Benaiah.

מגמִבְּנֵי נְבוֹ יְעִיאֵל מַתִּתְיָה זָבָד זְבִינָא ידו [יַדַּי] וְיוֹאֵל בְּנָיָה׃

44All these had married foreign women, among whom were some women who had borne children.

מדכָּל־אֵלֶּה נשאי [נָשְׂאוּ] נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת וְיֵשׁ מֵהֶם נָשִׁים וַיָּשִׂימוּ בָּנִים׃