Chapter 10

Translation and Transliteration of 

1King Ahasuerus imposed tribute on the mainland and the islands.

vai-YA-sem ha-ME-lekh (a-KHA-sher-ASH) [a-khash-VE-vosh] mas al ha-A-retz v'-i-YAY ha-YAM

אוַיָּ֩שֶׂם֩ הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ (אחשרש) [אֲחַשְׁוֵר֧וֹשׁ] ׀ מַ֛ס עַל־הָאָ֖רֶץ וְאִיֵּ֥י הַיָּֽם׃

2All his mighty and powerful acts, and a full account of the greatness to which the king advanced Mordechai, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Media and Persia.

v'-kol ma-a-SEH taq-PO u-g'-vu-RA-to u-fa-RA-shat g'-du-LAT mor-D'-KHAI a-SHER gid-LO ha-ME-lekh, ha-LO ha-YEM k'-tu-VIM al s'-FER di-v'-RE ha-ya-MEEM l'-mal-KAY ma-DAI u-fa-RAS

בוְכׇל־מַעֲשֵׂ֤ה תׇקְפּוֹ֙ וּגְב֣וּרָת֔וֹ וּפָרָשַׁת֙ גְּדֻלַּ֣ת מׇרְדֳּכַ֔י אֲשֶׁ֥ר גִּדְּל֖וֹ הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ הֲלוֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֙פֶר֙ דִּבְרֵ֣י הַיָּמִ֔ים לְמַלְכֵ֖י מָדַ֥י וּפָרָֽס׃

3For Mordechai the Yehudi ranked next to King Ahasuerus and was highly regarded by the Yehudim and popular with the multitude of his brethren; he sought the good of his people and interceded for the welfare of all his kindred.

KEE mor-d'-KHAI ha-y'-hu-DEE mish-NEH la-ME-lekh a-khash-vay-ROSH v'-ga-DOL la-y'-hu-DEEM v'-ra-TZUY l'-ROV e-KHAV do-RAYSH TOV l'-a-MO v'-do-VAYR sha-LOM l'-khol zar-O

גכִּ֣י ׀ מׇרְדֳּכַ֣י הַיְּהוּדִ֗י מִשְׁנֶה֙ לַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֔וֹשׁ וְגָדוֹל֙ לַיְּהוּדִ֔ים וְרָצ֖וּי לְרֹ֣ב אֶחָ֑יו דֹּרֵ֥שׁ טוֹב֙ לְעַמּ֔וֹ וְדֹבֵ֥ר שָׁל֖וֹם לְכׇל־זַרְעֽוֹ׃

 10:3   For Mordechai the Yehudi ranked next to King Ahasuerus

Jews from the priestly class re-enact the service in the Beit Hamikdash in preparation for the building of the third temple.

According to one opinion among the Sages, this verse describes two stages of Mordechai’s life following the Purim miracle. He was “next to King Ahasuerus” until Darius, son of Esther and Ahasuerus, allowed the rebuilding of the Beit Hamikdash. At that point, he stepped down from his governmental position and became “highly regarded by the Yehudim,” returning to the Land of Israel and assuming responsibility for the offerings in the Beit Hamikdash (see Mishna Shekalim 5:1). Mordechai did not let honor and fame stand in the way of his principles. Dismissing the glory, he jumped at the first opportunity to serve his people in Eretz Yisrael.