Amos - Chapter 1

1The words of Amos, a sheepbreeder from Tekoa, who prophesied concerning Yisrael in the reigns of Kings Uzziyahu of Yehuda and Yerovam son of Yoash of Yisrael, two years before the earthquake.

אדִּבְרֵי עָמוֹס אֲשֶׁר־הָיָה בַנֹּקְדִים מִתְּקוֹעַ אֲשֶׁר חָזָה עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּימֵי עֻזִיָּה מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה וּבִימֵי יָרָבְעָם בֶּן־יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁנָתַיִם לִפְנֵי הָרָעַשׁ׃

2He proclaimed: Hashem roars from Tzion, Shouts aloud from Yerushalayim; And the pastures of the shepherds shall languish, And the summit of Carmel shall wither.

בוַיֹּאמַר יְהֹוָה מִצִיּוֹן יִשְׁאָג וּמִירוּשָׁלַ ִם יִתֵּן קוֹלוֹ וְאָבְלוּ נְאוֹת הָרֹעִים וְיָבֵשׁ רֹאשׁ הַכַּרְמֶל׃

3hus said Hashem: For three transgressions of Damascus, For four, I will not revoke it: Because they threshed Gilad With threshing boards of iron.

גכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה עַל־שְׁלֹשָׁה פִּשְׁעֵי דַמֶּשֶׂק וְעַל־אַרְבָּעָה לֹא אֲשִׁיבֶנּוּ עַל־דּוּשָׁם בַּחֲרֻצוֹת הַבַּרְזֶל אֶת־הַגִּלְעָד׃

4I will send down fire upon the palace of Hazael, And it shall devour the fortresses of Ben-hadad.

דוְשִׁלַּחְתִּי אֵשׁ בְּבֵית חֲזָאֵל וְאָכְלָה אַרְמְנוֹת בֶּן־הֲדָד׃

5I will break the gate bars of Damascus, And wipe out the inhabitants from the Vale of Aven And the sceptered ruler of Beth-eden; And the people of Aram shall be exiled to Kir —said Hashem.

הוְשָׁבַרְתִּי בְּרִיחַ דַּמֶּשֶׂק וְהִכְרַתִּי יוֹשֵׁב מִבִּקְעַת־אָוֶן וְתוֹמֵךְ שֵׁבֶט מִבֵּית עֶדֶן וְגָלוּ עַם־אֲרָם קִירָה אָמַר יְהֹוָה׃

6Thus said Hashem: For three transgressions of Azza, For four, I will not revoke it: Because they exiled an entire population, Which they delivered to Edom.

וכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה עַל־שְׁלֹשָׁה פִּשְׁעֵי עַזָּה וְעַל־אַרְבָּעָה לֹא אֲשִׁיבֶנּוּ עַל־הַגְלוֹתָם גָּלוּת שְׁלֵמָה לְהַסְגִּיר לֶאֱדוֹם׃

7I will send down fire upon the wall of Azza, And it shall devour its fortresses;

זוְשִׁלַּחְתִּי אֵשׁ בְּחוֹמַת עַזָּה וְאָכְלָה אַרְמְנֹתֶיהָ׃

8And I will wipe out the inhabitants of Ashdod And the sceptered ruler of Ashkelon; And I will turn My hand against Ekron, And the Philistines shall perish to the last man —said Hashem.

חוְהִכְרַתִּי יוֹשֵׁב מֵאַשְׁדּוֹד וְתוֹמֵךְ שֵׁבֶט מֵאַשְׁקְלוֹן וַהֲשִׁיבוֹתִי יָדִי עַל־עֶקְרוֹן וְאָבְדוּ שְׁאֵרִית פְּלִשְׁתִּים אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃

9Thus said Hashem: For three transgressions of Tyre, For four, I will not revoke it: Because they handed over An entire population to Edom, Ignoring the covenant of brotherhood.

טכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה עַל־שְׁלֹשָׁה פִּשְׁעֵי־צֹר וְעַל־אַרְבָּעָה לֹא אֲשִׁיבֶנּוּ עַל־הַסְגִּירָם גָּלוּת שְׁלֵמָה לֶאֱדוֹם וְלֹא זָכְרוּ בְּרִית אַחִים׃

10I will send down fire upon the wall of Tyre, And it shall devour its fortresses.

יוְשִׁלַּחְתִּי אֵשׁ בְּחוֹמַת צֹר וְאָכְלָה אַרְמְנֹתֶיהָ׃

11Thus said Hashem: For three transgressions of Edom, For four, I will not revoke it: Because he pursued his brother with the sword And repressed all pity, Because his anger raged unceasing And his fury stormed unchecked.

KOH a-MAR a-do-NAI al sh'-lo-SHAH pish-AY e-DOM v'-al ar-ba-AH LO a-shee-VE-nu al rod-FO va-KHE-rev a-KHEEV v'-shi-KHAYT ra-kha-MAV va-yit-ROF la-AD a-PO v'-ev-ra-TO sh'-ma-RAH NE-tzakh

יאכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה עַל־שְׁלֹשָׁה פִּשְׁעֵי אֱדוֹם וְעַל־אַרְבָּעָה לֹא אֲשִׁיבֶנּוּ עַל־רָדְפוֹ בַחֶרֶב אָחִיו וְשִׁחֵת רַחֲמָיו וַיִּטְרֹף לָעַד אַפּוֹ וְעֶבְרָתוֹ שְׁמָרָה נֶצַח׃

1:11  Because his anger raged unceasing

Amos delivers a harsh prophecy against the southern nation of Edom. When the Land of Israel could no longer bear to have both Yaakov and Esau dwell there together, Esau chose to leave for Mount Seir, which became the territory of Edom (Genesis 36:6-8). The Edomites are traditionally thought to be descendants of Esau, and are held accountable for maintaining the fires of enmity and hatred towards Yaakov’s descendants. Their hatred for Yaakov’s descendants was so great, and lasted so long, that during Yehuda’s downfall at the hands of the Babylonians, the Edomites rejoiced and cheered, took spoils from the war and even helped the Babylonians capture Israelites who tried to escape (Obadiah 1:10-15). Their sin was even more heinous because Israel was proscribed from attacking them (Deuteronomy 2:4), and because they refused to abandon old hatreds. Once a prosperous area (I Samuel 14:47), the land of Edom is today a desolate desert, as promised in Yechezkel (35:9), “I will make you a desolation for all time; your towns shall never be inhabited, and you shall know that I am Hashem.

12I will send down fire upon Teman, And it shall devour the fortresses of Bozrah.

יבוְשִׁלַּחְתִּי אֵשׁ בְּתֵימָן וְאָכְלָה אַרְמְנוֹת בָּצְרָה׃

13Thus said Hashem: For three transgressions of the Amonites, For four, I will not revoke it: Because they ripped open the pregnant women of Gilad In order to enlarge their own territory.

יגכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה עַל־שְׁלֹשָׁה פִּשְׁעֵי בְנֵי־עַמּוֹן וְעַל־אַרְבָּעָה לֹא אֲשִׁיבֶנּוּ עַל־בִּקְעָם הָרוֹת הַגִּלְעָד לְמַעַן הַרְחִיב אֶת־גְּבוּלָם׃

14I will set fire to the wall of Rabbah, And it shall devour its fortresses, Amid shouting on a day of battle, On a day of violent tempest.

ידוְהִצַּתִּי אֵשׁ בְּחוֹמַת רַבָּה וְאָכְלָה אַרְמְנוֹתֶיהָ בִּתְרוּעָה בְּיוֹם מִלְחָמָה בְּסַעַר בְּיוֹם סוּפָה

15Their king and his officers shall go Into exile together —said Hashem.

טווְהָלַךְ מַלְכָּם בַּגּוֹלָה הוּא וְשָׂרָיו יַחְדָּו אָמַר יְהֹוָה׃