Mishkan
The Mystical Powers of the High Priest’s Head-Plate

The Mystical Powers of the High Priest’s Head-Plate

The Torah mandates eight garments for the Kohen Gadol (High Priest). Among them is the golden head-plate, or the tzitz (צִיץ), which was engraved with the words kodesh laHashem (קֹדֶשׁ לַיהֹוָה), ‘Holy to God.’ The word tzitz means ‘to...

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The Enigmatic Breastplate

The Enigmatic Breastplate

Perhaps the most enigmatic element of the clothing of the High Priest was the breastplate, known in Hebrew as the choshen, which was attached to the ephod, or apron, of the High Priest. Made of cloth (wool dyed blue, purple, and crimson)...

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The Many Uses of Olive Oil in Biblical Times

The Many Uses of Olive Oil in Biblical Times

The portion of Tetzaveh begins by telling the Children of Israel to bring pure olive oil for use in the Menorah in the Tabernacle (Exodus 27:20). For normal use, oil is extracted from olives by pressing, but the Torah specifies that in...

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A Table Fit for a King

A Table Fit for a King

When God commanded the Children of Israel to build a Tabernacle for him to dwell among them, he also commanded them to build furnishings. Perhaps the most intricate piece was the golden table, or shulchan, that held the 12 showbreads, and...

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Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

After leaving Egypt and receiving the Torah at Sinai, the Jews were commanded to build a Tabernacle. At the epicenter of the Tabernacle was the Ark of the Covenant into which were placed the stone tablets.  Made of acacia (shittim) wood...

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The Tabernacle: Making God Our Neighbor

The Tabernacle: Making God Our Neighbor

In the book of Exodus, God gives Israel a commandment that seems decidedly undivine; to build Him a house to live in. The Israel Bible explains why the verse says to build God a house so that he may "dwell among them," the people, and not...

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