Return of the Exiles


Moroccan Jews were already well-established in Jerusalem, Tiberias, and Tel Aviv at the time of Israel’s founding in 1948. Between 1948 and 1967, approximately 272,000 Moroccan Jews made Aliyah, many through the secret Operation Yachin.

For a period of time, the Israeli government covertly paid the King of Morocco $100 for every Jew that he would allow to move to Israel.

Even though the Moroccan immigrants originally encountered discrimination at the hands of the Israeli government, they fought back, and have flourished.

The Moroccan Jewish community is one of the strongest and most culturally influential communities in modern Israel.

One of their most notable customs is Mimouna, a post-Passover holiday that celebrates the fulfillment of God’s command to not eat leaven during the Passover festival.