Haftarah – The Passage from Ezekiel Quoted in a Nobel Prize Banquet Speech

Ezekiel 37:15-28

The first Israeli to win a Nobel Prize offered a sweeping account of the wanderings of the Jewish people throughout exile in his banquet speech. Dressed in tails and a black tie with a giant black kippah on his head in 1966 in Stockholm, writer Shai Agnon began his remarks, “As a result of the historic catastrophe in which Titus of Rome destroyed Jerusalem and Israel was exiled from its land, I was born in one of the cities of the Exile. But always I regarded myself as one who was born in Jerusalem.”

 

The obvious connection between the parsha and haftarah is the reunion of the Jewish found in each.  In our parsha, after 22 bitter years of separation, Yaakov and his family descended to Egypt to reunite with Yosef.  This process is mirrored in our haftarah (Yechazkel 37: 15-28) as the navi prophecies, through a parable of fusing sticks, about the ultimate redemption when the Kingdom of Judah and Kingdom of Israel will again be reunited.  Yechezkel was to write the names of Yehuda and Ephraim (representing the tribes of the Kingdom of Israel) and then “bring them close to yourself, one to the other, like one piece of wood, and they will become united in your hand” (37:17).    Despite this connection, upon deeper analysis the two passages are in fact quite opposite, and the haftarah provides an important conclusion to the story in our parsha.

 

Surely, for Yaakov, seeing Yosef again and seeing his children together was a moment of great joy, relief, and gratitude.  But as the Midrash explains (see Ramban 46:1), Yaakov and his sons were well aware of the coming exile.  Indeed, they knew that this reunification was a temporary highlight of the future history that would include exiles, destruction, and separation, which Chazal tell us is the reason that Yosef and Binyamin cried on each other’s shoulders  (Rashi 45:14).  They knew their descendant would undergo centuries of anguish, starting with slavery in Egypt followed by the temporary Mishkan in Shilo, culminating with the destruction of the two Temples and ultimately the exile of the people from Eretz Yisrael for thousands of years.

 

The haftarah, on the other hand, describes a different kind of reunion between Judah and Israel. The ultimate redemption and ingathering of the exiles will be permanent as alluded to by the repetition of the same word five times in four verses: They shall dwell upon the land… they and their children and their children’s children, forever; and My servant David will be a prince for them forever.  I shall seal an eternal covenant of peace with them…I shall place my Sanctuary among them forever…Then the nations shall know that I am Hashem who sanctifies Israel, when my Sanctuary is among them forever” (Ezekiel 37:25-28). Unlike the reunion described in our parsha, the reunion in our haftarah is eternal and forever (“olam”).

 

The parsha contains the first leg in a long and bitter journey of exile to the ends of the earth. Our people have been scattered across the globe and have endured terrible degradations and devastations. Our haftara is the ultimate consolation in describing our final return to Israel that would put an end to the ceaseless wandering and homelessness. Yechezkel’s promise of the ingathering of the exiles to Israel and eternal presence in the Holy Land are among the most beautiful passages in all of Tanakh and it’s no wonder these verses were were quoted by Agnon in his speech where he explains the momentous significance of representing Israel to the nations of the world.

 

To the august assembly, Agnon humbly concluded his remarks, “If I am proud of anything, it is that I have been granted the privilege of living in the land which God promised our forefathers to give us, as it is written (Ezekiel 37: 25): “And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children’s children forever.’”

 

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1966/agnon-speech.html

 

Rabbi Tuly Weisz is the director of Israel365 and editor of “The Israel Bible,” and Rabbi Dr. Ethan Eisen is a psychologist and a new Oleh to Israel, as well as a rebbe in Yeshivat Lev Hatorah.  Please send comments to Haftarah@TheIsraelBible.com

Comments ( 3 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • Damian Sco

    When you look through the filter of "forever" I believe it is wise to expand your view, for just as the Sabbath was given to the world and not just to the Jews (as it pre- dated the 10 Commandments), I believe Joseph's experience was given to the world as well by pointing to the Messiah. To wit:

    Comparison List of Joseph and Jesus
    Joseph Jesus
    Joseph was Loved by His Father – Genesis 37:3 God said about Jesus "this is my beloved son" – Matthew 3:17

    Joseph's brothers did not believe him and hated him – Genesis 37:4-5 The Jews Did Not Believe in Christ – John 7:5 and they hated him – John 15:24

    Joseph's brothers rejected his right to rule – Genesis 37:8 The Jewish leaders said "we will not have this man to rule over us" Luke 19:14

    Joseph's brothers conspired against him – Genesis 37:23 They took counsel against Jesus Matthew 27:1

    They stripped Joseph of his garments – Genesis 37:23 They stripped Jesus – Matthew 27:28

    Joseph was sold for silver – Genesis 37:28 Jesus was sold for silver – Matthew 26:15

    Everything Joseph put his hand to prospered – Genesis 39:3 "… And the pleasure of the Lord prospered in his hand" – Isaiah 53:10

    All things were laid into Joseph's trust – Genesis 39:4-8 God hath given all things into his hand – John 3:35

    Joseph's own brothers did not recognize him. The Jews did not recognize their Messiah

    Joseph was tempted and did not sin – Genesis 39:9 Jesus was tempted in all things yet was without sin – Hebrews 4:15

    Joseph was bound – Genesis 39:30 Jesus was bound – Matthew 27:2

    Joseph was condemned with two criminals – Genesis 40:2, 3 Jesus was crucified with two criminals – Luke 23:32

    One criminal was given life and the other was condemned – Genesis 40:21-22) Jesus told one of the criminals "Today you shall be with me in paradise" – Luke 23:43

    Joseph was trustworthy and wise – Genesis 41:39 God said about Jesus "this is my beloved son in whom I well pleased" – Mark 1:11

    Joseph's brothers bowed their knee to him – Genesis 41:43 "At the name of Jesus every knee will bow" – Philippians 2:10

    Joseph was 30 years old – Genesis 41:46 Jesus was "about 30 years old" – Luke 3:25

    God planned the suffering of Joseph in advance to save many – Genesis 50:21 Jesus said "God so loved the world that he sent his only begotten son that whosoever believes in him shall be saved" – John 3:16

    Joseph was made ruler over all of Egypt – Genesis 41:42-44 Jesus said "all power has been given unto me" – 8:18

    Joseph married a foreign bride who shared his glory – Genesis 41:45 Believers in Christ are "joint heirs" with him in his glory – Romans 8:17

    Joseph was cast into a pit and then later delivered out of it – Genesis 37:24, 28 When Jesus died he descended into the lower parts of the earth, and later ascended into heaven – Ephesians 4:9

    Joseph was imprisoned based on false charges – Genesis 39:19, 20 During the trial of Jesus false witnesses were brought in testifying against him – Mark 14:56

    Joseph's brothers later repented for what they did to him – Genesis 42:7 "and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn" – Zechariah 12:10

    Happy Hanukkah.

  • Agnon was proud of being a son of Ja’acov, part of the people that that are now living in exile. By the recognition of his work as a Nobelprice winner they also honored his people, the Jews. In recognizing him they also recognized HaShem. They even recognized the ONE that has given him so much ability, so much Light.. So in this way also Israel received the awarding, and visible became (again) the blessings of HaShem to the Seed of Avraham. And visible became also the Light Israel is carrying! But at the moment it is still one piece of wood. The two parts should become one forever and not incidently. But who makes thema ware of their backgrounds and who will enlight those “living in darkness”.There are 2 pieces of wood. Where the part that’s missing ? HaShem Himself needs to unveil the missing part so the honor and praise should go to the CREATOR of all ad olam.

  • Thank you for sharing. I strongly agree that this haftarah portion is one of the best in the entire Tanakh – restoration of the two houses, and living in the land forever. And also beautiful to learn that even the cream of the elite like Agnon are aware of the scriptures; the scriptures are truly alive:-).

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