Adar is the sixth month of the Hebrew year (or the twelfth and final month when counting from Nissan). Like all Hebrew months, the name Adar is of Babylonian origin, corresponding to the constellation of the Fish (Pisces), visible in the night sky during this lunar month. Adar usually overlaps the solar months of February and March.
On leap years, an extra month of Adar is added to the calendar. This ensures that the lunar year remains aligned with the solar year and that the holiday of Passover will fall in the springtime, as it did during the Exodus from Egypt.
Adar, along with its original name, appears in the Scroll of Esther:
“In the first month, that is, the month of Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, pur—which means “the lot”—was cast before Haman concerning every day and every month, [until it fell on] the twelfth month, that is, the month of Adar.” (Esther 3:7)
Naphtali is compared to a deer running free. This represents free-spiritedness and independence, which allows a person to try new things and be open to new ideas. These characteristics, when used appropriately, can lead to limitless development and growth.
Because Yoseph was such a great person, his father Jacob blessed him with two tribes under the leadership of his two sons Ephraim and Menashe (Manasseh).
Adar’s stone in the High Priest’s breastplate is the Shvoh (Agate)
“כִּי אִם-הַחֲרֵשׁ תַּחֲרִישִׁי, בָּעֵת הַזֹּאת–רֶוַח וְהַצָּלָה יַעֲמוֹד לַיְּהוּדִים מִמָּקוֹם אַחֵר, וְאַתְּ וּבֵית-אָבִיךְ תֹּאבֵדוּ; וּמִי יוֹדֵעַ–אִם-לְעֵת כָּזֹאת, הִגַּעַתְּ לַמַּלְכוּת.”
Ki im-hacharesh tacharishi, ba’et hazzot–revach vehatzalah ya’amod layyehudim mimmakom acher, ve’at uveit-avich tovedu; umi yodea’–im-le’et kazot, higga’at lammalchut.
If you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will come to the Jews from another place… and who knows, perhaps you have attained to royal position for such a time as this.
Fast of Esther
This one-day fast immediately precedes the holiday of Purim and commemorates the three-day fast called by Esther in the Scroll of Esther, when the Jewish people prayed to God to save them from Haman’s decree.
(ADAR 14 or ADAR 15 in Jerusalem)
Purim celebrates the salvation of the Jews from Haman’s decree of annihilation as described in the Scroll of Esther. This very joyous holiday is celebrated by publicly reading the Scroll of Esther, eating festive meals, giving charity to the poor, and giving food packages to friends and family. During a leap year, when a second month of Adar is added to the Hebrew calendar, Purim is celebrated in the second Adar.
Notable Dates in the Month of Adar
Birthday and death of Moses