Joseph, yo-SAYF, יוֹסֵף
Joseph_(patriarch) (Wikipedia)
Bourgeois Joseph recognized by his brothers.jpg
Joseph Recognized by His Brothers (1863 painting by Léon Pierre Urbain Bourgeois)
Native name
Born1 or 27 Tammuz
Died1445 BCE or 1444 BCE (AM 2317 or AM 2318) (aged 110)
Resting placeJoseph's Tomb, Nablus
32°12′47″N 35°16′58″E / 32.2130268°N 35.2829153°E / 32.2130268; 35.2829153

Joseph (/ˈzɪf, -sɪf/; Hebrew: יוֹסֵף‬ meaning "Increase",Standard Yosef Tiberian Yôsēp̄; Arabic: يوسفYūsuf or Yūsif; Ancient Greek: Ἰωσήφ Iōsēph) is an important figure in the Bible's Book of Genesis. Sold into slavery by his jealous brothers, he rose to become vizier, the second most powerful man in Egypt next to Pharaoh, where his presence and office caused Israel to leave Canaan and settle in Egypt. The composition of the story can be dated to the period between the 7th century BCE and the third quarter of the 5th century BCE, which is roughly the period to which scholars date the Book of Genesis.

In Rabbinic tradition, Joseph is considered the ancestor of another Messiah called, "Mashiach ben Yosef", according to which he will wage war against the evil forces alongside Mashiach ben David and die in combat with the enemies of God and Israel.

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