Joshua, y’-ho-SHU-a, יְהוֹשֻׁעַ
Joshua (Wikipedia)
This article is about the figure from the Hebrew Bible. For the Biblical book, see Book of Joshua. For other uses, see Joshua (disambiguation).
Lanfranco Moses and the Messengers from Canaan.jpg
Moses and the Messengers from Canaan, by Giovanni Lanfranco, oil on canvas, 85¾ × 97 inches, at the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, United States
Born c. 1350 BC
New Kingdom of Egypt
Died Canaan
Venerated in Judaism, Christianity, Islam
Major shrine Tomb of Joshua
Attributes Often depicted with Caleb, carrying the grapes out of Canaan

Joshua /ˈɒʃuə/ or Jehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַYĕhôshúʿa; Aramaic: ܝܫܘܥ‎‎ Isho; Greek: Ἰησοῦς, Arabic: يوشع بن نون‎‎ Yashuaʿ ibn Nūn; Latin: Iosue, Turkish: Yuşa) is the central figure in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua. According to the books of Exodus, Numbers and Joshua, he was Moses' assistant and became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. His name was Hoshe'a (הוֹשֵׁעַ) the son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, but Moses called him Yehoshu'a (יְהוֹשֻעַ; Joshua in English) (Numbers 13:16) the name by which he is commonly known. The name is shortened to Yeshua in Nehemiah (Nehemiah 8:17). According to the Bible he was born in Egypt prior to the Exodus.

According to the Hebrew Bible, Joshua was one of the twelve spies of Israel sent by Moses to explore the land of Canaan. In Numbers 13:1–16, and after the death of Moses, he led the Israelite tribes in the conquest of Canaan, and allocated the land to the tribes. According to Biblical chronology, Joshua lived between 1355 and 1245 BCE, or sometime in the late Bronze Age. According to Joshua 24:29, Joshua died at the age of 110.

Joshua also holds a position of respect among Muslims. According to Islamic tradition, he was, along with Caleb, one of the two believing spies whom Moses had sent to spy the land of Canaan. All Muslims also see Joshua as the leader of the Israelites, following the death of Moses. Some Muslims also believe Joshua to be the "attendant" of Moses mentioned in the Qur'ān, before Moses meets Khidr and some believe that he is a prophet.

« Back to Glossary Index
Skip to toolbar