Shushan, shu-SHAN, שׁוּשַׁן
Susa (Wikipedia)
"Shushan" redirects here. For other uses, see Shushan (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Susa (disambiguation).
Royal City and Acropolis Tepes.jpg
Tepe of the Royal city (left) and of the Acropolis (right), seen from the Hill mound of the Apadana in Susa.
Susa is located in Iran
Shown within Iran
Location Shush, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Region Zagros Mountains
Coordinates 32°11′26″N 48°15′28″E / 32.19056°N 48.25778°E / 32.19056; 48.25778Coordinates: 32°11′26″N 48°15′28″E / 32.19056°N 48.25778°E / 32.19056; 48.25778
Type Settlement
Founded Approximately 4200  BCE
Abandoned 1218 CE
Site notes
Condition In ruins
Official name Susa
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv
Designated 2015 (39th session)
Reference no. 1455
State party Iran
Region Asia-Pacific

Susa (/ˈssə/; Persian: شوش‎‎ Shush; [ʃuʃ]; Hebrew: שׁוּשָׁןShushān; Greek: Σοῦσα [ˈsuːsa]; Syriac: ܫܘܫShush; Old Persian Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, and Parthian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains about 250 km (160 mi) east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers.

The modern Iranian town of Shush is located at the site of ancient Susa. Shush is the administrative capital of the Shush County of Iran's Khuzestan province. It had a population of 64,960 in 2005.

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