Shushan

Synonyms:
Shushan, shu-SHAN, שׁוּשַׁן
Susa (Wikipedia)
Susa
شوش
Royal City and Acropolis Tepes.jpg
Tepe of the Royal city (left) and of the Acropolis (right), seen from the Hill mound of the Apadana in Susa.
Susa is located in Iran
Susa
Shown within Iran
LocationShush, Khuzestan Province, Iran
RegionZagros Mountains
Coordinates32°11′26″N 48°15′28″E / 32.19056°N 48.25778°E / 32.19056; 48.25778Coordinates: 32°11′26″N 48°15′28″E / 32.19056°N 48.25778°E / 32.19056; 48.25778
TypeSettlement
History
FoundedApproximately 4200  BCE
Abandoned1218 CE
Site notes
ConditionIn ruins
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameSusa
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iii, iv
Reference1455
Inscription2015 (39th Session)

Susa (/ˈssə/; Šuš; [ʃuʃ]; Hebrew: שׁוּשָׁןŠušān; Greek: Σοῦσα [ˈsuːsa]; Syriac: ܫܘܫŠuš; Middle Persian: 𐭮𐭥𐭱𐭩 Sūš, 𐭱𐭥𐭮 Šūs; Old Persian Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains about 250 km (160 mi) east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers. The site now "consists of three gigantic mounds, occupying an area of about one square kilometer, known as the Apadana mound, the Acropolis mound, and the Ville Royale (royal town) mound."

The modern Iranian town of Shush is located at the site of ancient Susa. Shush is the administrative capital of Shush County in Iran's Khuzestan province. It had a population of 64,960 in 2005.

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