Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch

(1808-1888) – A Rabbi in Frankfurt-Main, he was the leader of modern German-Jewish Orthodoxy and wrote a six volume commentary on the Pentateuch.

Rabbi Shimshon Raphael Hirsch
Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (Wikipedia)
Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch
Samson Raphael Hirsch (FL12173324).crop.jpg
Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch
SynagogueIsraelitische Religionsgesellschaft (IRG), Khal Adath Jeshurun
SuccessorSolomon Breuer
Personal details
BornJune 20, 1808 (25 Sivan 5568)
Hamburg, French Empire
DiedDecember 31, 1888 (27 Tevet 5649)
Frankfurt am Main, German Empire
BuriedFrankfurt am Main
DenominationOrthodox Judaism
SpouseHannah Jüdel
SemichaJacob Ettlinger

Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20, 1808 – December 31, 1888) was a German Orthodox rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism. Occasionally termed neo-Orthodoxy, his philosophy, together with that of Azriel Hildesheimer, has had a considerable influence on the development of Orthodox Judaism.

Hirsch was rabbi in Oldenburg, Emden, and was subsequently appointed chief rabbi of Moravia. From 1851 until his death, Hirsch led the secessionist Orthodox community in Frankfurt am Main. He wrote a number of influential books, and for a number of years published the monthly journal Jeschurun, in which he outlined his philosophy of Judaism. He was a vocal opponent of Reform Judaism, and similarly opposed early forms of Conservative Judaism.

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