Nebuchadnezzar, n’-vu-khad-NE-tzar, נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר
Nebuchadnezzar_II (Wikipedia)
"Nebuchadnezzar" redirects here. For other uses, see Nebuchadnezzar (disambiguation).
King of Babylon
Nebukadnessar II.jpg
An engraving on an eye stone of onyx with an inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II. Anton Nyström, 1901.
Reign c. 605 – c. 562 BCE
Predecessor Nabopolassar
Successor Amel-Marduk
Born c. 634 BCE
Died c. 562 BCE (aged 71 or 72)
Father Nabopolassar

Nebuchadnezzar II (Listeni/ˌnɛbjᵿkədˈnɛzər/; Aramaic: ܢܵܒܘܼ ܟܘܼܕܘܼܪܝܼ ܐܘܼܨܘܼܪ ‎‎; Hebrew: נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּרNəḇūḵaḏneṣṣar; Ancient Greek: Ναβουχοδονόσωρ Naboukhodonósôr; Latin: Nabuchodonosor; Arabic: نِبُوخَذنِصَّر nibūḫaḏniṣṣar; c. 634 – c. 562 BCE) was a Chaldean king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BCE – c. 562 BCE. Both the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the destruction of Jerusalem's temple are ascribed to him. He is featured in the Book of Daniel and is mentioned in several other books of the Bible.

The Akkadian name, Nabû-kudurri-uṣur, means "O god Nabu, preserve/defend my firstborn son". Nabu, son of the god Marduk, is the Babylonian deity of wisdom. In an inscription, Nebuchadnezzar styles himself as Nabu's "beloved" and "favorite". His name has previously been mistakenly interpreted as "O Nabu, defend my kudurru", in which sense a kudurru is an inscribed stone deed of property. However, when contained in a ruler's title, kudurru approximates to "firstborn son" or "oldest son". Variations of the Hebrew form include נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר‎ and נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר‎ (Nəḇuḵaḏreṣṣar). He is also known as Bakhat Nasar, which means "winner of the fate", or literally, "fate winner".[citation needed]

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