Damesek

Synonyms:
Damascus, da-ME-sek, דַּמֶּשֶׂק
Damascus (Wikipedia)

Damascus

دمشق
ܕܪܡܣܘܩ
City
Umayyad Mosque General view of Damascus • Mount Qasioun Maktab Anbar • Azm Palace Tekkiye Mosque
Flag of Damascus
Flag
Official seal of Damascus
Seal
Nicknames: 
City of Jasmine (مدينة الياسمين)
Al-Fayhaa (الفيحاء)
Damascus is located in Syria
Damascus
Damascus
Location of Damascus within Syria
Damascus is located in Asia
Damascus
Damascus
Damascus (Asia)
Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E / 33.51306°N 36.29194°E / 33.51306; 36.29194Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E / 33.51306°N 36.29194°E / 33.51306; 36.29194
Country Syria
GovernoratesDamascus Governorate, Capital City
Area
 • City105 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Urban
77 km2 (29.73 sq mi)
Elevation
680 m (2,230 ft)
Population
(2009 est.)
 • City1,711,000
 • Density22,220.8/km2 (57,551.3/sq mi)
DemonymsEnglish: Damascene
Arabic: دمشقيDimashqi
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)Country code: 963, City code: 11
GeocodeC1001
ClimateBWk
HDI (2011)0.709 – high
Websitewww.damascus.gov.sy
Official nameAncient City of Damascus
TypeCultural
Criteriai, ii, iii, iv, vi
Designated1979 (3rd session)
Reference no.20
State PartySyria
RegionArab States

Damascus (/dəˈmæskəs/; Arabic: دمشقDimashq Arabic pronunciation: [diˈmaʃq], Syrian: Arabic pronunciation: [dɪˈmɪʃeʔ]) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city. It is colloquially known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشامash-Shām) and titled the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمينMadīnat al-Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural center of the Levant and the Arab world. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009.

Located in south-western Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.7 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate because of the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.

First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.


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