Damesek

Synonyms:
Damascus, da-ME-sek, דַּמֶּשֶׂק
Damascus (Wikipedia)
For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation).
Damascus
دمشق
Dimashq
Clockwise from top: Umayyad Mosque,View of Damascus from Mount Qassioun,Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque, The Convent of Our Lady of Saidnaya, Blue Tower Hotel, Tekkiye Mosque in Damascus, Azm Palace is a palace in Damascus, Monument sword of Damascus in Umayyad Square, Four Seasons Hotel Damascus
Clockwise from top: Umayyad Mosque,View of Damascus from Mount Qassioun,Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque, The Convent of Our Lady of Saidnaya, Blue Tower Hotel, Tekkiye Mosque in Damascus, Azm Palace is a palace in Damascus, Monument sword of Damascus in Umayyad Square, Four Seasons Hotel Damascus
Official seal of
Seal
Nickname(s): City of Jasmine
Damascus is located in Syria
Damascus
Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E / 33.51306°N 36.29194°E / 33.51306; 36.29194Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E / 33.51306°N 36.29194°E / 33.51306; 36.29194
Country  Syria
Governorates Damascus Governorate, Capital City
Government
 • Governor Bishr Al Sabban
Area
 • City 105 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Urban 77 km2 (29.73 sq mi)
Elevation 680 m (2,230 ft)
Population (2009 est.)
 • City 1,711,000
 • Density 22,220.8/km2 (57,551.3/sq mi)
Demonym(s) English: Damascene
Arabic: دمشقي Dimashqi‎‎
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) Country code: 963, City code: 11
Website www.damascus.gov.sy
Official name Ancient City of Damascus
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv, vi
Designated 1979 (3rd session)
Reference no. 20
State Party Syria
Region Arab States

Damascus (Arabic: دمشق‎‎ Dimashq [dɪˈmaʃq], Syrian: [dɪˈmɪʃeʔ]) is the capital and likely the largest city of Syria, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the ongoing battle for the city. It is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎‎ ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎‎ Madīnat al-Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious centre of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009.

Located in south-western Syria, Damascus is the centre of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate because of the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.

First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.

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