|• ISO 259||Beit Šemš|
|• Also spelled||Bet Shemesh (official)|
|• Mayor||Aliza Bloch|
|• Total||34,259 dunams (34.259 km2 or 13.227 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||House of the sun|
Beit Shemesh (Hebrew: בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ, Latin: Bethsames, Beth Shamesh, Bethshamesh or Bet shemesh and most often Beth-Shemesh in English translations of the Hebrew Bible) is a city located approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) west of Jerusalem in Israel's Jerusalem District, with a population of 114,371 in 2017. The history of Beit Shemesh goes back to pre-biblical times. The modern city of Beit Shemesh was founded in 1950.